Papers by Keyword: Bolted Connection

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Authors: Jin Fa Xie, Yan Qiang Cheng
Abstract: Using three-dimensional modeling software to design a kind of swinging rear underrun protective device, using the Ansys finite element analysis software, in accordance with the provisions of GB11567.2-2001, the rear underrun protective device applied static load analysis. The results show that the protective device and the body in the welding and bolt connecting two different cases, connected by bolts can effectively avoid the connection of stress concentration, and support as the main part of the force. But by welding, the connections exist obvious stress concentration, may to cause the protective frame dropping.
Authors: Tae Soo Kim, Min Seung Kim, Sung Woo Shin
Abstract: The application of stainless steel in buildings has been increased gradually with excellent life cycle cost for ensuring the sustainability in structures for the reduction of green house gas emission. Especially, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the structural behaviors such as ultimate strength, fracture mode and out of plane deformation, i.e., curling of single shear bolted connection of cold-formed austenitic stainless steel with two bolts (2×1 bolt arrangement). Plate thickness and end distance parallel to the direction of applied force are considered as main variables. The curling was also observed in the bolted connections with a long end distance and edge distance as the previous researches. Curling occurrence resulted in the change of fracture modes in connections with same bolt arrangement and end distance and ultimate strength reduction.
Authors: Tae Soo Kim, Min Seung Kim
Abstract: Based on the existing test results of single shear bolted connection fabricated with cold-formed ferritic stainless steel, in this study, the experiment for double shear bolted connections with bolt arrangements(1×2, 2×2) and end distance parallel to the loading direction as main variables has been performed. Specimens were planed with a constant dimension of edge distance perpendicular to the loading direction, bolt diameter, pitch and gauge. Ultimate strength and fracture mode obtained from test results were compared with those predicted by current American and Japan design codes such as AISI and AIJ.
Authors: Yuan Qing Wang, Huan Xin Yuan, Yong Jiu Shi, Gui Xiang Zhang
Abstract: Served as the primary form of joints in aluminum structures, the bolted connection is of great necessity to be investigated. The bearing performance of aluminum alloy bolted connections was evaluated by test and finite element (FE) analysis. A total of 20 bolted connections were tested and the varying parameters incorporated screw diameter and end distance. The test results included the ultimate bearing capacities and relationship between applied load and bolt hole deformation. Numerical simulation for the test process was implemented; thereupon reliability and accuracy of the FE models could be validated by good agreement with test results. By virtue of the verified numerical model, elaborated analysis of principle variables including inner and outer plies, end distance, screw diameter, sheet thickness and so on was carried out. Compared to the current overly conservative design rules, a new design method that could make full use of the bearing capacity was proposed. The corresponding design value of bearing strength was also presented with reference to the recommended constructional provisions.
Authors: Tae Soo Kim
Abstract: Experiments have been carried out to investigate the ultimate behaviors of single shear bolted connections assembled with four bolts (2 rows×2 columns bolt arrangement) under shear and aluminum alloy plate. End distance parallel to the direction of applied load is considered as main variables. All specimens failed in block shear fracture and curling (out of plane deformation) in the direction parallel to plate thickness was also observed for some bolted connections with a long end distance. The curling led to sudden ultimate strength reduction and test strength was compared with the block shear strength predicted by current design specifications.
Authors: Wei Zhang, Ming Yi Zhang, Li Tang Gao
Abstract: Earlier laboratory test results showed a possibility of utilizing GFRP beam as a mid-beam in foundation pit support. This paper presents the development of a new-style GFRP mid-beam with I-section and double webs. Loading tests show that the new-style GFRP middle beam can satisfy the requirements for the globe and local stabilities, and simultaneously the material strengths of the middle beam can also be fully utilized. Beam tests with bolted connections show that a combined use of steel bolts and GFRP splice plates improved the stiffness and strength of the beam by 17.9% and 45%, respectively.
Authors: Marco Giglio, Andrea Manes, Massimo Fossati
Abstract: Considering the aerospace structures, the advantages of Al-Li alloys in comparison with conventional aluminium alloys comprise relatively low densities, high elastic modulus, excellent fatigue and toughness properties, and superior fatigue crack growth resistance. Unfortunately, these alloys have some disadvantages due to highly anisotropic mechanical properties and due to a very high crack growth rate for microstructurally short cracks. This could mean relatively early cracking in high stress regions such as rivet holes in helicopter fuselage panels. Consequently a more accurate approach in fatigue life analysis is requested. Considering that the 8090 T81 aluminium alloy has been widely used in an helicopter structure, in particular in the bolted connection between the stringers and the modular joint frame in the rear of the fuselage, it is extremely important to found a reliable procedure for the fatigue life assessment of the component. Thus, using the results of experimental tests made on panel specimens, a FE general model and two submodels of the critical zone (involved in fatigue damage during the tests) have been modelled in order to investigate the complex state of stress near the rivets holes. These stress values obtained have been elaborated for a fatigue assessment.
Authors: Yong Taeg Lee, Tae Soo Kim, Jin Seong Lim, Seung Hun Kim
Abstract: The experimental research for single shear bolted connection of cold-formed stainless steel fabricated with two bolts (2×1 bolt arrangement) has been conducted by T.S. Kim etc. Plate thickness and end distance parallel to the direction of loading was considered as main variables. It is found that the curling occurred easily in bolted connections with a long end distance and thinner plate. In this paper, finite element analysis study has been performed in order to compare test results with the predicted results and to investigate in detail the ultimate strength and curling influence. Finite element analysis(FEA) procedures also were introduced. FE models of connections with restrained out of plane deformation were also simulated for comparison with the curled models. Therefore, the validation of FEA in predicting ultimate strength and curling behavior was verified and the strength reduction ratio caused by curling was estimated.
Authors: Wael Elleithy, Choon Kiat Lim
Abstract: In this paper, the ultimate behaviour of bolted connections and the effect of various configurations of bolted connections on the ultimate strength are thoroughly investigated. Through finite element modelling, the stress distributions, bolt load distributions, and the effect of bolt sizes and bolt arrangements are studied in detail. The finite element analysis results show that the square shape arrangement of a bolted connection has a higher ultimate strength than that of the diamond shape arrangement. The ultimate strength of bolted connection increases as the bolts size increase until a limitation of improvement in strength is reached.
Authors: Ki Hoon Moon, Sang Whan Han, Ji Eun Jung
Abstract: Reduced Beam Section (RBS) moment connections are developed for Special Moment Resisting Frames (SMRF). According to the beam web attachment the column flange RBS connections are classified into Reduced Beam Section with Bolted web connections (RBS-B), and the Reduced Beam Section with Welded web connections (RBS-W). Beam flanges are welded to the column. Regardless of different web attachment details in RBS-B and RBS-W connections current design procedures (FEMA 350) assumes that they could develop plastic moment of the beam gross section. In current design procedures, RBS-B connections should provide the sufficient strength that can reach the plastic moment capacity of the connected beam. However, some experimental researches reported that the beams in RBS-B connections fractured before the connection reached its plastic moment capacity. Such undesirable fracture shows that RBS-B connections have less strength than RBS-W connections. And if RBS-B connections designed in current design procedures, it might fail in a brittle manner and not satisfy SMRF due to undesirable fracture. Thus, this study develops a new set of equations for accurately computing the moment strength of RBS-B connections. The proposed strength equation accurately predicts connection moment capacity for RBS-B connections.
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