Papers by Keyword: C/C-SiC

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Authors: Sheng Li Lv, Lei Jiang Yao, Xiao Yan Tong, Zheng Li
Abstract: Continuous carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide composite material (C/SiC) is one of the most effective candidate materials for hot structures in aeronautic and aerospace applications. Its performances in the complicated service environments are widely concerned. A database, aiming at optimized design of C/SiC, was developed. The database collected original data on the fabrication, microstructure of C/SiC, as well as abundant data on performance experiments including tension, compression, shear, fatigue, creep, oxidation, high-temperature fatigue, and so on. The logic structure of the database, modeled by unified modeling language, provides a data link that connecting the processing, microstructure and performance of C/SiC, so that users can conveniently create a test result set to build the mathematical model of material design. Efficient software was developed to realize management, browsing and extension of the database.
Authors: Antonio Licciulli, Antonio Chiechi, Daniela Diso, Alfonso Maffezzoli
Abstract: Advanced braking devices can represent a promising application for ceramic matrix composites (CMC) with functional and structural properties. If the actual advanced braking materials could be at least partially replaced by CMCs, it might become the first consumer market for these materials. CMC containing three main phases, silicon carbide, graphite and carbon fibers were prepared. A systematic analysis of the processing-structure-properties relationship of the composite is carried out. In particular, silicon carbide provides the necessary hardness, whereas graphite is used for its lubricating properties, and carbon fibers are used as reinforcement. The samples, prepared using a reactive bonding technique, exhibited adequate mechanical properties, high resistance to thermal shocks and good stability after many thermal cycles. Morphological and structural investigations have been performed to optimize the content of each component. Preliminary tribological investigations are presented.
Authors: Walter Krenkel, T. Henke
Authors: Li Tong Zhang, Lai Fei Cheng, Xin Gang Luan, Hui Mei, Yong Dong Xu
Abstract: The conventional ultimate performance test by applying a component in its true application (i.e., in an engine) is often very expensive and impractical when dealing with developmental materials. Simpler, less expensive, and more practical test methods must be utilized. The present work aims toward the applications of an innovative methodology for testing environmental performance of advanced Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) in the presence of combined mechanical, thermal, and environmental applied conditions. To obtain a comprehensive understanding of how a composite might perform in certain application environments, a newly developed environmental performance testing system, which is able to provide the fundamental damage information of the composites in simulating service environments including variables such as temperature, mechanical and thermal stresses, flowing oxidizing gases and high gas pressure, is proposed. The system comprises of two subsystems: (1) equivalent experimental simulating subsystem, and (2) wind tunnel experimental simulating subsystem. The evolution mechanisms of the composites properties and microstructures can be achieved by the former, and then be validated and modified by the latter. Various loading (e.g. fatigue, creep), various atmospheres (e.g. argon, oxygen, water vapor, wet oxygen and molten salt vapor) and various temperature conditions (e.g. constant or cyclic temperatures) can be conducted on the system. Some typical experimental results are presented in this paper. Large quantities of tests have demonstrated the extraordinary stability and reliability of the system.
Authors: Bernd Mainzer, Klemens Kelm, Philipp Watermeyer, Martin Frieß, Dietmar Koch
Abstract: Liquid Silicon Infiltration (LSI) is a technique to manufacture non-oxide ceramic matrix composites such as C/C-SiC or SiC/SiC. In the beginning of this three-step process, fiber preforms are shaped and impregnated with phenolic resins. After curing, the preforms are pyrolyzed to convert the polymer matrix to a porous carbon matrix. This porosity is then used to infiltrate liquid silicon by capillary forces. Simultaneously, an exothermic reaction of silicon and carbon creates a silicon carbide matrix. Generally the liquid silicon reacts with any carbon and even with SiC present in the form of fibers, fiber coatings or matrix. Therefore, especially the fibers must be protected from Si attack effectively. The morphology of silicon carbide was observed to be heavily driven by Ostwald ripening. This can be suppressed by the addition of boron to the melt. The initially formed SiC crystals in C/C-SiC composites are hereby prevented from grain coarsening, resulting in almost completely preserved C/C blocks. For the manufacture of SiC/SiC composites, the silicon boron alloys allow an effective preservation of the nanocrystalline SiC-fibers. Thus, the use of Si based B containing alloys helps effectively to moderate and control the aggressive reaction during LSI process.
Authors: Feng Zhang, Hai Feng Hu, Qi Kun Wang, Yu Di Zhang, Chang Rui Zhang
Abstract: In this paper, 2D C/SiC composites with different carbon cloth filaments (1K, 3K) were prepared via precursor infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) process. The flexural strength of 2D-1K C/SiC composites was 380MPa, and fracture toughness was 16.8MPa-m1/2, while those of 2D-3K C/SiC were 305MPa and 14.4MPa-m1/2, respectively. The differences of these two composites were analyzed from fiber volume ratio in the composites, density, and fracture surface (SEM) of the samples.
Authors: Ji Ping Wang, Min Lin, Yong Hui Zhang, Zhuo Xu, Zhi Hao Jin
Abstract: C/C-SiC composites were rapidly fabricated using C/C with four different porosities in the range of 12.4%~45.7% and silicon by reactive-melt-infiltrated (RMI) method. The influence of the C/C porosity on the Si infiltration during the processing and on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the resulting C/C-SiC were investigated. The results show that β-SiC was formed by Si/C reaction and free Si remained in the composites. A higher porosity of C/C leads more Si infiltrating to the preform and produces higher density of C/C-SiC with lower porosity. The flexural strength of the composites was strong influenced by the matrix content and the interface between different phases. C/C-SiC derived from C/C with 24.8% porosity has the highest flexural strength (325.1MPa).
Authors: Dong Lin, Jing Wang, Chang Rui Zhang, Ying Bin Cao, Rong Jun Liu
Abstract: C/C-SiC composite as low expansion material for space opto-mechanical structures was prepared by gaseous silicon infiltration after high temperature treatment (HTT) on C/C. 2000°C and 2400°C were selected as the treatment temperatures for C/C to study the influences on the properties of C/C-SiC composite. The graphitization level of amorphous C in C/C was improved by HTT. The porosity of C/C increased from 32.88% to 34.25% (2000°C) and 41.06% (2400°C) respectively. In addition, a higher HTT temperature led to a higher density of C/C-SiC composite and a lower SiC content. Furthermore, the mechanical properties and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of the composite decreased as the temperature increased. After 2000°C HTT, the CTE of C/C-SiC composite decreased to-0.055×10-6·K-1 and the mechanical properties (218 MPa) could meet the application demand at the same time.
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