Papers by Keyword: Calcium Phosphate Coating

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Authors: Hae Won Kim, Hyoun Ee Kim, Jonathan C. Knowles
Authors: Subhadip Bodhak, Masanori Kikuchi, Ayako Oyane, Yu Sogo, Hideo Tsurushima, Atsuo Ito
Abstract: Calcium phosphate (CaP) coating is an effective technique for surface functionalization of biomaterials. The objective of our research is to prepare calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings on a hydroxyapatite/collagen (HAp/Col) nanocomposite and subsequently provide it with gene delivery function through the immobilization of DNA in the coating. We have specifically selected the HAp/Col nanocomposite since it has the high potential as bone substitutes due to its similar composition, nanostructure, and biological properties to those of human bone. CaP coatings consisting of different sized particles were prepared on the HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane by immersing it in supersaturaterd CaP solutions (so-called RKM solutions) with the varied Ca and P concentration levels. We immobilized DNA in the CaP coatings together with lipid and fibronectin by supplementing DNA, lipid, and fibronectin to the RKM solutions (DLF-RKM solutions). Gene transfer capability of the resulting HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane was improved with decreasing concentration level of the DLF-RKM solution. It was confirmed that the present CaP coating technique was effective in providing the HAp/Col nanocomposite membrane with gene transfer capability and that the Ca and P concentration level of the DLF-RKM solution was a controlling factor affecting the gene transfer efficiency.
Authors: Bo Feng, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Authors: Sander C.G. Leeuwenburgh, M.C. Heine, Joop G.C. Wolke, Sotiris E. Pratsinis, J. Schoonman, John A. Jansen
Abstract: In situ measurements of electrospray droplet sizes and velocities were performed by Phase Doppler Anemometry during Electrostatic Spray Deposition (ESD) of calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings. Numerous processing parameters were varied (nozzle-to-substrate distance, deposition temperature, nozzle geometry, and composition of the precursor solution), whereafter the morphological characteristics of these ESD-derived CaP coatings were correlated with measured droplet characteristics. Equal droplet sizes and velocities were measured for nozzle-to-substrate distances up to 40 mm and deposition temperatures up to 400 °C, indicating that electrospray droplets did not shrink at all during droplet flight using an involatile solvent butyl carbitol with a high boiling point (Tb = 231 °C). Nevertheless, coatings with considerably different surface morphologies were obtained under these conditions, varying from microporous structures with coalesced pore walls to morphologies revealing isolated rings on top of dense or grainy underlayers. The chemical composition of the precursor solutions and the mixing characteristics of the calcium and phosphate precursor components strongly influenced the initial droplet sizes, precipitation kinetics of the CaP solute, and subsequent coating morphology. Unique, reticular coating morphologies were deposited at a deposition rate of 3.2 µm/hour, which have a graded structure consisting of a dense underlayer, a submicron-porous intermediate layer, and a roughened toplayer revealing droplet-derived features such as isolated rings or coalesced, hollow surface pits.
Authors: Ekaterina G. Komarova, Valentina Chebodaeva, Yuri P. Sharkeev, Maria Sedelnikova
Abstract: The influence of the microarc oxidation parameters as electrical voltage and process duration on the surface morphology and topography, wettability and chemical composition of calcium phosphate coatings on the low elastic module Ti-40mas.%Nb (Ti-40Nb) alloy surface has been investigated. The linear growth of thickness and roughness and the linear decrease of the free surface energy with increasing process electrical voltage have been obtained. It was shown that calcium phosphate coatings have low contact angle with liquids and high free surface energy, as a consequence. It indicates a high hydrophilicity. X-ray diffraction analyses showed that the coatings after deposition have X-ray amorphous state that indicates high rate of coating dissolution. The coatings have maximum Ca/P ratio is 0.6. The optimal range of the oxidation voltage from 200 to 250 V and process duration from 5 to 10 min has been found. Such parameters allow to form the coating with the specific morphology, roughness and thickness and high hydrophylicity.
Authors: Valentina Chebodaeva, Maria Sedelnikova, Kirill Golohvast, Aleksandr Zaharenko, Yurii Sharkeev
Abstract: Investigations of microarc calcium phosphate (CaP) boehmite-containing biocoatings on the pure titanium (Ti) alloy were presented. There were discovered relationships of coating properties (morphology, elemental and phase composition, zeta-potential, wettability) on the boehmite deposition parameters. A variation of the modification parameters of boehmite nanoparticles deposition allowed producing hydrophilic boehmite-containing CaP coatings with the roughness of 2.2-3.1 μm and nanoscale morphology. The influence of boehmite nanoparticles on the surface zeta-potential of the coating was found.
Authors: Sander C.G. Leeuwenburgh, Joop G.C. Wolke, M.C. Siebers, J. Schoonman, John A. Jansen
Abstract: The dissolution and precipitation behavior of various porous, ESD-derived calcium phosphate coatings was investigated a) in vitro after soaking in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) for several time periods (2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks), and b) in vivo after subcutaneous implantation in the back of goats for identical time periods. At the end of these studies, the physicochemical properties of the coated substrates were characterized by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), XRay Diffraction (XRD), Fourier-Transform InfraRed spectroscopy (FTIR) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). Moreover, part of the implants was prepared for light microscopical evaluation of the tissue response. In vitro, a highly bioactive behavior was observed for all ESD-coatings, characterized by the deposition of a thick and homogeneous carbonate hydroxyapatite precipitation layer on top of the porous coatings. Regarding the in vivo study, no adverse tissue reactions (toxic effects/inflammatory cells) were observed using light microscopy, and all coatings became surrounded by a thin, dense fibrous tissue capsule after implantation. The ESD-coatings degraded gradually at a dissolution rate depending on the specific chemical phase, thereby enabling synthesis of CaP coatings with a tailored degradation rate.
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