Papers by Keyword: Carbon Black (CB)

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Authors: Zheng Tao Hou, Ming Qing Sun, Bin Li, Xie Dong Zhang
Abstract: A new method is proposed to prepare carbon fiber reinforced concrete (CFRC) and carbon fiber (CF)/carbon black (CB) reinforced concrete in this paper. First, CF is dispersed in 0.4% carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC) water solution. Then, resolvable carbon fiber surfacing mat (RCFCM) is manufactured and cut into small patches. Finally, these patches are mixed with cement, sand, gravel, CB and water. During mixing, RCFCM patches are broken up once they meet with water. So, CF is dispersed into concrete. Results show that this method is feasible. CF/CB reinforced concrete possesses low resistivity (<100 Ω•cm), high compressive strength (≥35 MPa) and low contents of CF (0.3 Vol.%) and CB (0.6 Vol.%), so it can be used as a kind of conductive concrete for melting snow and deicing applications on highways. Both the mixing time and the curing period can affect the electrical and mechanical properties of CF/CB reinforced concrete.
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Authors: Bing Li, Yan Hong Li, Wen Xing Chen
Abstract: To ensure the use of oil tank safely, it is necessary that the conductive coating was used in inner oil tank. This paper concentrates on a study of the electrical properties (surface resistance rate) of epoxy resins filled with different types of carbon pigments, such as colloid graphite, carbon black and mixture of colloid graphite/carbon black, as well as on the investigation of some mechanical properties, appearance and morphology .To produce a light grey and conductive coating, titanium oxide and carbon electro-conductive pigments were investigated in this article. The objective of the experiment therefore was to choose the optimal electro-conductive filler and determine the optimal mix ratio of colloid graphite/ carbon black and titanium oxide /colloid graphite and titanium oxide /mixable electro-conductive filler. From the experiment analysis, it was found that the optimized colloid graphite and carbon black mix ratio is 3:1; the optimized titanium oxide and colloid graphite mix ratio is 1:1; the optimized titanium oxide and mixable electro-conductive filler mix ratio is 8:1. In terms of resistance rate and color, we may arrive at the conclusion that 15μm colloid graphite as the optimized electro- conductive pigments and the optimal mix ratio of titanium oxide /colloid graphite is 1:1.
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Authors: Mi Mi Li, Shi Feng Huang, Shi Hui Xie, Mei Juan Zhou, Xin Cheng
Abstract: A carbon black modified 0–3 cement-based piezoelectric composite was fabricated with piezoelectric ceramic [0.08Pb(Li1/4Nb3/4)O•0.47PbTiO3•0.45PbZrO3], sulphoaluminate cement and carbon black by compressing technique. The influences of poling conditions on the piezoelectric and dielectric properties of the composites were investigated. The results show that the higher poling electric field, the longer poling time and the higher poling temperature, the composites have the higher piezoelectric strain factor d33, piezoelectric voltage factor g33, dielectric constant εr and dielectric loss tanδ. At the same time, the carbon black modified composites are polarized more easily than the unmodified composites, and have better piezoelectric and dielectric properties. Meanwhile, the optimum poling conditions were obtained, and the optimum poling field E, poling time t and poling temperature T were 4 kV/mm, 20 min and 80 °C.
791
Authors: Nai Xiu Ding, Li Li Wang, Mao Sheng Zhan, Liang Liu, Shuai Feng Xu
Abstract: In this paper, Carbon black was activated using titanate-type coupling agent, and then filled into polypropylene to prepare conductive composites, whose alternating current (AC) electrical properties, including impendence Z, phase angel θ, dielectric constantε and dissipation factor tgδ that is a function of frequency and carbon black concentration were investigated by AC impedance spectroscopy. The percolation threshold of 5wt% carbon black concentration was obtained from the experimental result of volume resistivity for the conductive composites. It was found that the variation of AC electrical properties, which is a function of frequency, was dramatic and dependent on the filler concentration. It was also found that dependence of the real and the imaginary parts of impendence on frequency decreased with the increased concentration of carbon black, while the phase angle, dielectric constant and dissipation factor increased. The AC electrical properties were given based on the conductive network model and the corresponding equivalent circuit were concluded
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Authors: Chitsupree Katathikankul, Savaeng Techangamvong, Ekachai Wimolmala, Piyaporn Niltui, Sirichai Kanking, Narongrit Sombatsompop
Abstract: This work studied antibacterial ability of natural rubber (NR) reinforced carbon black N330 at loadings 0, 20, 40 and 60 parts per hundred rubber (phr) and 2-Hydroxypropyl-3-Piperazinyl-Quinoline carboxylic acid Methacrylate (HPQM) based Neusilin at loadings 0 , 3 and 5 phr were used against Escherichia coli (E.coli) ATCC 25923 and Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) ATCC 25922. The Inhibition zone (Disk diffusion) and Plate Count Agar (PCA) methods were employed to assess the ability of the anti-bacterial performance, cure characteristics and mechanical properties such as tensile modulus, tensile strength, elongation at break and hardness. The results suggested that increasing HPQM in appearance of inhibition zone and 99.9 percent reduction of E.coli. The antibacterial ability HPQM base Neusilin at loadings 5 phr and carbon black at loadings 20 phr were better. The antibacterial ability of NR vulcanizates depends on the level of reinforcement. The tensile strength with using 40 phr of carbon black loading was suggested in this work.
455
Authors: Chuan Guo Ma, Ming Liu
Abstract: Carbon black (CB) selective dispersion and conductive properties of immiscible thermoplastic/thermosetting polymer blends consisting of polystyrene (PS) and epoxy resin (EP) were investigated in this paper. The results showed that CB particles are preferentially localized in EP phase in PS/EP blends. The blend with 10 pbw (parts by weight) PS presented an EP continuous phase structure, and both blends with 20 pbw and 30 pbw developed into a bi-continuous phase structure. The selective dispersion of CB particles was explained by thermodynamic parameters. The phase structures of blends have important influences on both conductive and dielectric properties. The blends with 10 pbw PS has a very low percolation threshold nearly 0.25wt%.
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Authors: Voranuch Somsongkul, Atchana Wongchaisuwat, Attera Worayingyong, Marisa Arunchaiya
Abstract: Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is considered as the next generation low cost photovoltaic device, and one of the important components is the counter electrode which reduces the I3- ions generated after electron injection from iodide into the oxidized sensitizer. In this work composite material of carbon black and LaCoO3 synthesized by sol-gel method has been investigated to replace the platinized counter electrode for quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. From cyclic voltammogram, it was found that carbon black catalyzed with LaCoO3 exhibited increased reduction current compared with that of carbon black without LaCoO3. This was consistent with increased surface roughness depicted from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) of DSSCs using carbon black-LaCoO3 composite as counter electrode revealed lower charge-transfer resistance (Rct) than that using carbon black. The highest conversion efficiency of 5.40% was obtained from DSSC (active area 1 cm2) fabricated with quasi-solid composite polymer electrolyte using carbon black-LaCoO3 (95:5 ratio by weight) compared to 5.23% obtained from DSSC equipped with platinum counter electrode. The performances of the quasi-solid-state DSSCs sensitized with N719 and natural dyes were examined and it was concluded that the carbon black-LaCoO3 composite was compatible with platinum coated counter electrode for DSSCs.
451
Authors: Cyril Baby Karuthedath, Ubaidul Fikri, Friederike Ruf, Norbert Schwesinger
Abstract: This paper describes the characterization of conductive PDMS (CPDMS) composites. Composite have been achieved by filling the PDMS with CarbonBlack (CB). Two different methods were used to prepare the CPDMS composites: (A) direct mixing of CB with PDMS (CB-PDMS); (B) dissolving of CB in methanol before mixing with PDMS (CB-Methanol-PDMS). At a certain critical CB concentration, called percolation threshold, the membranes get conductive. Membranes of CPDMS (thickness ≈ 100µm) have been fabricated. CPDMS membranes of method (B) show a smoother surface profile as membranes of method (A). By means of a two–point resistivity measurement, the electrical resistance of CPDMS membranes was measured. With an increase of the CB concentration, the resistance decreases. Membranes of method (B) show a low percolation threshold and a low surface resistivity. Effects of pressure and temperature on the membrane resistance were investigated, too. Around the percolation threshold, the resistance shows the highest sensitivity on pressure and temperature variations. The Young’s modulus of CPDMS membranes exponentially increase with an increase of the CB concentration.
18
Authors: Xia Yuan, Kuan Jun Fang
Abstract: Using ultrafine carbon black (CB) dispersions to dye cotton fabrics back is feasible through an exhaustion procedure. The effects of CB particle size, the type of dispersants, electrolyte concentration and cationic modification of cotton on the colour yields of CB dyed cotton fabrics have been investigated. CB particle size ranging from 130nm to 200nm is appropriate to achieve a deep black shade in cotton fabrics. Cationic dispersant improves the K/S values and wash fastness of the CB dyed cotton fabrics. However, caution should be exercised in adding electrolytes to CB dispersions. Cationic modification of cotton is an effective method to achieve higher K/S values of CB dyed fabrics. It is desirable to dye cotton fabrics with ultrafine CB particles instead of with sulfur dyes and reactive dyes.
178
Authors: Shao Jian He, Yi Qing Wang, Jun Lin, Li Qun Zhang
Abstract: Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR)/clay/carbon black (CB) nanocomposites filled with 60 phr filler (in total) were prepared by adding CB to SBR/clay nanocompound in a two-roll mill. TEM photographs of the nanocomposites showed that both fillers were dispersed randomly in the SBR matrix at nano-scale. With the increase of CB content, stress at 300% strain and tensile strength of the nanocomposites increased, while elongation at break and permanent set of the nanocomposites decreased. On the other hand, with the increase of clay content, the aging resistance of the SBR nanocomposites was improved.
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