Papers by Keyword: Carboxyl

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Authors: C.G. Hu, W.L. Wang, Bo Feng
Abstract: The carboxyl modified carbon nanotubes were obtained by treating them in the concentrated nitric acid with a little surfactant. The complete electrochemical combustion of phenol has been found under 5 M at the carboxyl modified carbon nanotube electrode in phosphate buffer solution. The reaction was discussed in details. Due to the porous tubule of the structure of the carbon nanotube and large quantity of hydroxyl exists in the carboxyl modified carbon nanotube electrode, which were necessary for the continually electrochemical combustion of phenol. Long time potentiostatic oxidation showed that the phenol could be eliminated from the aqueous media without any foul at the carbon nanotube electrode.
Authors: Na Zhang, Rui Xiang Yan, Wen Qiang Guan
Abstract: To isolate recombinant chitinase quickly and boost its anti-fungi activities in vitro, functional magnetic nanometer carrier was used to immobilize recombinant chitinase from the crude enzyme solution and immobilized recombinant chitinase was applied to test whether it would inhibit the growth of gray mold from fruits. In this study, the carboxyl magnetic carrier was produced by solvent thermal reduction method and characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). Then, the carboxyl magnetic carrier activated by EDC/NHS was applied to immobilize recombinant chitinase and the immobilization efficiency was investigated by quantitative analysis. To obtain the highest immobilization efficiency, reaction conditions were optimized through combining different pH, temperature and reaction period. The results show that the surface of magnetic carrier was successfully carboxyl and the average diameter was 200nm. The immobilization efdiciency could reach the peak 64.43% after 7h reaction at the condition of pH 6 and 25°C. It also shows that immobilized recombinant chitinase can significantly inhibit the growth of gray mold isolated from table grape compared with the enzyme without immobilization with magnetic nanometer carrier.
Authors: Hong Jie Wang, Xin Jin, Wen Yu Wang, Chang Fa Xiao, Lin Tong
Abstract: This paper investigates the preparation and electrospinning of acidified-oxidized potato starch. In this article, acidified-oxidized potato starch was prepared by adding ammonium persulfate as an oxidizing agent and hydrochloric acid as a catalyst. The effect of reaction time, temperature, the concentration of hydrochloric acid and the content of ammonium persulfate on the viscosity and content of carboxyl were discussed. The optimum reaction conditions were as follows: 1.5 hours ,50°C, 0.5mol/l HCl, 2.5% (NH4)2S2O8. And then, the acidified-oxidized potato starch prepared at the optimum condition was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to be electrospinned by contrast to native starch. Electrospinning of 5wt%-21wt% of modified starch in DMSO produced beads, beaded fibers, and smooth fibers, depending on the concentration range. Smooth fibers were observed until the concentration reached 19wt%, while native starch was 5wt%.
Authors: Can Liu, Ji You Gu, Yan Hua Zhang
Abstract: In order to analyze the antioxidant conversion rate of hydrogen peroxide as oxidant to make oxidation starch, and the change of starch crystallinity when mixing different amount of antioxidant, the determination of carboxyl content and X-ray diffraction analysis map have been analyzed by adding 5ml, 10ml, 15ml, 20ml, 25ml mix amount of oxidation starch respectively to starch and oxidizer. We can get the conclusion that the conversion rate of hydrogen peroxide is 0.062%.We know that crystallinity of 6 different oxidation starches reduced with the increase of oxidant amount. Confirm that the hydrogen peroxide have a weak influence on the crystallinity of starch.
Authors: Jing Xin Yang, Yong Zhi Xu
Abstract: This study successfully grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with carboxyl group (MWCNTs-COOH) via concentrated nitric acid oxidation reaction. The morphologies of MWCNTs oxidized under various conditions and the extent of dispersion of the MWCNTs in the cement matrix were characterized using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). This investigation also optimized the mechanical properties of MWCNTs-OPC cement composites by utilizing pristine MWCNTs (P-MWCNTs) and modified MWCNTs (MWCNTs-COOH) through a combination of dispersion method. Micrographs of MWCNTs incorporated cement samples revealed uniform dispersion of MWCNTs in cement, good interfacial adhesion between MWCNTs and cement, and improved interfacial bonding between MWCNTs-OPC cement at 0.4 wt.% loading. An improved dispersion and hence an improved crosslink interaction between MWCNTs-COOH and cement lead to the stronger shift of the mechanical properties of the cement composites.
Authors: Ying Xiong, Min Yang
Abstract: The effects of different solvents on synthesis of base functional ionic liquid, butyl pyridinium hydroxide ([bPy]OH), from butyl pyridinium bromine ([bPy]Br) were investigated systematically using KOH/NaOH as the base agent and strong base anion exchange resin. The results showed that the yield of [bPy]OH achieved 35% with the molar ratio of 1:1.1 ([bPy]Br to NaOH) using dichloromethane under room temperature. With isopropanol and 8 h of the reaction time, the yield could reach 88% with byproducts. The yield of 97% without byproduct was achieved by using strong base anion exchange resin in column chromatography static reaction for 0.25 h. The yield of carboxyl and pyridine functional ionic liquids based on neutralization method, exchange method and one-step method were compared and the results showed that the one-step method possessed the maximum yield of 88% with 3 h of the reaction time at room temperature.
Authors: C.G. Hu, W.L. Wang, Bo Feng, G.B. Liu
Abstract: The carbon nanotubes with carboxyl groups were obtained by using different chemical treatment methods. The electrical properties of the carbon nanotube films were investigated and voltammetric responses for Fe3+ / Fe2+ were measured at the carbon nanotube film electrodes.
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