Papers by Keyword: Ceramic Nanocomposite

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Authors: Ján Dusza, Monika Kašiarová, Lucia Hegedűsová, Miroslav Hnatko, Pavol Šajgalík
Abstract: Bending and contact strength of a carbon derived in-situ reinforced Si3N4-SiC micro/nanocomposite have been investigated. Four-point bending strength was measured using specimens with different effective volume and Weibull statistical analysis has been used for characterization of the strength values in the form of characteristic strength and Weibull modulus. The characteristic strength values of the investigated composite were σ0 = 675 MPa and σ0 = 832 MPa with the Weibull modulus of 6,4 and 8,6 for the specimens with effective volume 15,9 mm3 and 1,28 mm3 respectively. Contact strength of the investigated material was carried out using sphere on sphere and roller on roller methods and the obtained results are σ0S = 1997 MPa, σ0R = 1242 MPa, and mS = 17,1 mR = 6. Fracture origins in the specimens with effective volume of 15.9 mm3 tested in four-point bending were surface and volume located technological defects with dimensions from 10 μm to 180 μm, mainly in the form of clusters of pores and large SiC grains. Fracture mirror sizes were measured and the mirror constant was calculated. Fracture origins in the specimens with effective volume of 1.28 mm3 tested in four-point bending were surface (subsurface) defects with the same type as for the specimens with a higher effective volume. The fracture during the contact strength test „roller/roller“ has been initiated under the surface of the specimens and during the contact strength test „sphere/sphere“ by creation and growth of the cone cracks to critical size.
Authors: Tatsuzo Nagai, Hae Jin Hwang, Masaki Yasuoka, Mutsuo Sando, Koichi Niihara
Authors: Bo Zhao, Yan Wu, Feng Jiao, G.F. Gao, Xun Sheng Zhu
Abstract: The grain cutting trace of elliptical spiral in workpiece two-dimensional ultrasonic vibration grinding(WTDUVG) is defined, the reason of machining accuracy improvement by applying two-dimensional ultrasonic vibration is discussed. Adopting two-dimensional ultrasonic composite processing, the influences of grinding depth, worktable velocity, wheel granularity on the surface roughness of Al2O3/ZrO2 ceramic nanocomposites were described. Experimental results of AFM microstructure show that the material removal model in WTDUVG is dominated by ductile flow of material, some crystal refinement, the crush powder and grain pull-out are visible and there is almost no fracture. Furthermore, the surface roughness in WTDUVG with coarse grit is about 30 40% less than that in CG under identical grinding condition; the qualitative analysis of X-diffraction results indicated that the surface phases are composed of α-Al2O3, t-ZrO2 and small quality m-ZrO2, there are amorphous phase in the surface both with and without vibration grinding. M-zirconia phase transitions rule in vibration and conventional grinding was found. Under definitive grinding conditions, the material removal mechanism of inelastic deformation is the principal removal mechanism of Al2O3/ZrO2 ceramic nanocomposites, the grit size of diamond wheel and vibration grinding mode have important influence on material removal mechanism of ceramic nanocomposites.
Authors: Kim Vanmeensel, K.Y. Sastry, J. Hennicke, Guy Anné, Dongtao Jiang, A.I. Laptev, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: Future materials for wear resistant components require a combination of excellent mechanical properties such as hardness and toughness, short processing times and good electrical conductivity to facilitate shaping by electro discharge machining (EDM). In this work, the hardness and fracture toughness of t-ZrO2 based electro conductive composites was optimised, while short processing times below 20 minutes using spark plasma sintering were sufficient to obtain near fully dense materials. The influence of powder processing technique using TiC0.5N0.5 as the starting powder and yttria as a stabiliser on the mechanical properties of ZrO2-TiC0.5N0.5-Al2O3 based composites was investigated. Fully dense Y-TZP based composites possessed an excellent toughness of 9.2 MPa.m1/2 and an increased Vickers hardness of 1397 kg/mm².
Authors: Yan Wu, A.G. Sun, Bo Zhao, Xun Sheng Zhu
Abstract: Based on the single abrasive particle motion locus of elliptical spiral in two-dimensional ultrasonic vibration grinding (WTDUVG), the theoretical model representing the material removal rate are deduced and verified, and the reason of high efficiency material removal by applying two-dimensional ultrasonic vibration is analyzed. Finally, experimental researches on material removal rate of ceramics were carried out using coarse grit diamond wheel both with and without workpiece two-dimensional ultrasonic vibration assistance grinding. Experimental results indicated that (1) Material removal rate (MRR) in vibration grinding process is about 1.5 times as large as that of in conventional grinding, the experimental results are in good agreement with the calculated ones. (2)The material removal rate increases along with increases of the grinding depth and workpiece velocity both in with and without vibration grinding. (3)The vibration grinding surface had no spur and build-up edge and its surface roughness was smaller than CG significantly. Surface quality of WTDUVG is superior to that of conventional grinding, it is easy for ultrasonic vibration grinding that material removal mechanism is ductile regime grinding.
Authors: Elisabetta Borsella, S. Botti, S. Martelli
Authors: Nere Garmendia, Leire Bilbao, Roberto Muñoz, L. Goikoetxea, Ainara García, Izaskun Bustero, Beatriz Olalde, Nerea Garagorri, Isabel Obieta
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes could avoid the crack propagation and enhance the toughness of the ceramic material used for prostheses applications. So nanozirconia partially coated carbon nanotubes have been obtained via hydrothermal synthesis of zirconia nanoparticles in presence of multiwall carbon nanotubes. The as covered nanotubes should have a better wettability in the ceramic matrix and improve the dispersion of the CNTs in the nanocomposite, which results in a new ceramic biomaterial with a longer lifetime and better reliability. The obtained product has been structurally characterized by several techniques such as FTIR, XRD, SEM, AFM, EELS, XPS and TGA. The citotoxicity of the sintered product was studied by the change in the pH and ICP-AES in in-vitro biocompatibility tests.
Authors: Adriana Scoton Antonio Chinelatto, O.A. Contardi, Elíria Maria Jesus Agnolon Pallone, Roberto Tomasi
Authors: A. Bellosi
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