Papers by Keyword: CL

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Authors: Zhi Ping Fan, Qiong Wang, Fa Yun Li, Xue Kai Sun
Abstract: Heavy metals and atmosphere pollutants that caused the soil pollution and low air quality are main environmental problems in cities which located in the industrialized regions. Different tree species in urban forest ecosystem have absorption ability to heavy metals in the soil and atmosphere pollutant and ameliorate environmental pollution. However, the influence of different tree species on the absorption ability of different pollutant is not yet clear, and this held up selection suitable tree species in urban forest plantations to improve urban environment. In the study we compered pollution absorption ability of 13 tree species in Shenyang, Northeast China. The results showed that, the adsorption capacity of different tree species on pollutants are different. The highest value of Cu was 9.32 mg kg-1 found in Berberisthumbergii cv. Atropurpurea, Zn was 51.461 mg kg-1 in Pinus bungeana, Pb was 7.459 mg kg-1 in Malus pumila Mill, Cr was 9.841 mg kg-1 in Buxus microphylla, S was 8916.07 mg kg-1 in Salix babylonica, Zn was 4678.388 mg kg-1 in Buxus microphylla. Pollutant concentrations in the same plant species are different in 3 different sample sites. This indicate the contaminated degree of 3 sample sites were different. In our study, Huigong square pollution degree is serious than the Beiling Park and Huishan ecological park. Significant correlation was found between Cu and Cr, Cu and Cl, S and Zn, Cr and Cl (P<0.01) and that between Cu and Zn, Cu and Pb at 0.05 level. The relationship between heavy metals and atmosphere pollutant (S and Cl) indicated that traffic activities could be one of the dominant roles of heavy metal and atmosphere pollution in Shenyang City.
Authors: Kenneth A. Jones, Pankaj B. Shah, Michael A. Derenge, Matthew H. Ervin, G.J. Gerardi, Jaime A. Freitas, G.C.B. Braga, R.D. Vispute, R.P. Sharma, O.W. Holland
Authors: Takashi Sekiguchi, Woong Lee, Jun Chen, Bin Chen
Abstract: We have characterized optical property of small-angle (SA) grain-boundaries (GBs) in high-pure multicrystalline Si by using cathodoluminescence (CL). Prior to CL measurement, the electrical activity of GBs were evaluated by using electron-beam-induced current (EBIC). The SA-GBs are categorized into two groups with room temperature (RT-) EBIC contrast. The SA-GBs with misorientation angle about 1º give weak RT-EBIC contrast and yield D3 and D4. The SA-GBs with 2.5º show strong EBIC contrast and yield D1 and D2. These correspondences reflect the dislocation density at the SA-GBs. We also found the curious distribution of D1 emission in some special GBs, which is now difficult to explain. It is noticed that large-angle GBs do not show any D-line emissions at all.
Authors: Kenichi Ikeda, Takashi Sekiguchi, Syouko Ito, Masashi Suezawa
Authors: Wei Su, Yu Chun Li, Fei Yu, Guo Hua Lu, Yuan Chen, Qun Hui Meng, Wei Xia Wang
Abstract: This article with the electrochemistry workstation, electrochemical noise, SEM, X-ray diffraction and atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) has studied the corrosion behavior of Cl- which destroys the surface passivation film of T23 materials in supercritical water tubes. According to the experimental results and analysis, it can be concluded as followed: material was immersed in passivation solution for 7200S electrochemistry noise (ECN) testing, after 6000S, the potential and current tended to be stable. To unify ECN, Tafel curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), it was considered that the material surface had formed passivation film. But the first 1500S noise potential and current fell rapidly in the 7200S erosion process, Tafel curve passivation area and EIS second arc disappeared, the potential and current was stable after 1500S. So the passivation film of material surface was destroyed, and Fe3O4 product gradually formed on the surface, finally the material corrosion entered into stable state.
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