Papers by Keyword: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

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Authors: Sergey Demakov, Iana Semkina, Stepan I. Stepanov
Abstract: Samples of VT23 β-metastable titanium alloy quenched from temperatures in a range between critical and β-transus were studied in situ during heating on X-ray diffractometer. The anisotropy of orthorhombic martensite lattice was investigated. Abnormal behavior of «b» lattice spacing, which demonstrated a negative value of thermal expansion, has been revealed.
Authors: Jean François Silvain, Valérie Denis-Lutard, Pierre Marie Geffroy, Jean Marc Heintz
Abstract: Today, there is a strong push to improve the thermal management of electronic components in order to increase the performance and the reliability of electronic devices. Up to now, most of the heat sinks are mainly made of Copper that presents a good thermal conductivity (TC) but a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) much higher than the ceramic of the DBC (direct bonding Copper). It induces interfacial thermal stresses and indeed it decreases the reliability of the global electronic system. Therefore, there is a strong need for the development of novel heat dissipation material having low CTE combined with high TC. Carbon fibres reinforced copper matrix offers a good compromise between thermo mechanical properties (i.e. CTE) and medium TC. In order to increase surface TC, pure Copper can be added on the top surface and/or on the bottom one of the composite heat sink playing the role of heat spreader for hot spots linked with the Si components. The fabrication technique of these materials is based on powder metallurgy technique. The thermal properties of adaptive materials, TC and CTE, have been measured for different Copper thicknesses and architectures ([C/Cu], [Cu – C/Cu] and [Cu – C/Cu – Cu]). Simulation of the TC and CTE have been performed and compared to the experimental results.
Authors: Hong Jie Zeng, Lai Qi Zhang, Jun Pin Lin, Shao Jie Zhang, Guo Liang Chen
Abstract: High Nb containing TiAl based alloys exhibit excellent corrosion resistance to molten zinc. They are expected to serve as the potential coating materials of corrosion resistance to molten zinc. Four TiAl-Nb alloys of good oxidation resistance and their powders were prepared by arc-melting and ball milling, respectively. The Microstructure, Hardness, Coefficient of thermal expansion, and grain size distribution of four as-cast TiAl-Nb alloys and their powders were investigated. In addition, EPMA analysis was employed to further examine the existential state of element Y in as-cast TiAl-Nb alloys. It was found that element Y existed in the form of YAl2 phase in the grain boundaries and triple junctions. Higher content of Al in TiAl-Nb alloy results in bigger Coefficient of thermal expansion. Lamellar microstructures and fine grains exert a positive influence on hardness. Powders prepared by ball milling displayed angular and irregular morphology.
Authors: M. Nakata, Katsuaki Suganuma
Abstract: To clarify the effects of parameters of porous ceramics form on the characteristics of composites fabricated by high-pressure infiltration, Alumina forms with different porosity (15~70vol %) and pore morphology were fabricated by Freeze and Dry Process and Partial Sintering Process. Alumina/aluminum composites were made by the squeeze casting. The composites contained the different volume fraction of aluminum depending on the initial porosity of the ceramics form. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and thermal conductivity of composites were measured. The results indicated clearly that variation of the structure of porous ceramics form fairly affected CTE but the effects on thermal conductivity were small.
Authors: Cheng Gang Chen, Kevin H. Hoos, Ming Yung Chen
Abstract: The mismatch of the coefficient of the thermal expansion (CTE) is one of the main causes of crack initiation and delamination for carbon fiber-reinforced polymer hybrids and metal/polymer hybrid materials. In this research, a negative CTE ceramic material (zirconium tungstate) was incorporated with a thermoset polymer (bismaleimide) resulting in a ~40% reduction in CTE and a significant improvement in thermal stability. The morphology showed good dispersion of the zirconium tungstate particles within the bismaleimide. Comparisons of the experimental CTE values with the rule-of-mixture and the analytical micromechanical models will be discussed.
Authors: B. Karthikeyan, S. Ramanathan, V. Ramakrishnan
Abstract: The demand of today’s and future spacecrafts for a stable platform for critical payloads is the driving force behind the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) measurement of different aerospace materials. The CTE of a composite is different from that given by a simple rule of mixtures. This is because of the presence of reinforcement. The expansion coefficient of reinforcement is less than that of the matrix which introduces a mechanical constraint on the matrix. The degree of constraint is also dependent on the nature of the reinforcement. It is important to point out that interface can exert some influence on the value of CTE, especially for very small particle size. In addition to the interface, the CTE of particle reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs) is affected by several other factors. To cater the needs of various requirements in a spacecraft making, a wide variety of materials are used. Besides, the indigenization efforts and development of new materials for space-use emphasizes the measurement of CTE before their actual use. Stir casting technique was used to fabricate composites containing Si Cp as reinforcements and special thermo physical properties of the material are found. CTE of the composites are measured by TMA. The experiments have been carried out in the temperature range -1400 C to 5750 C.
Authors: Kyu Seok Yeon, Kwan Kyu Kim, Chul Young Kim, Jae Heum Yeon
Abstract: The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is one of the material factors affecting the behavior of concrete structures. This study reports the typical range of CTE for polymer concrete with different types of polymeric binder based on extensive literature surveys. The results revealed the CTE of polymer concrete generally fell between 12.5 and 28.6 x 10-6/°C, which is about twice or three times higher than that of ordinary cement concrete, because the CTE of polymeric binder is much larger than that of cementitious binders. The findings of this study will provide useful information for the design and analysis of polymer concrete members and repair components.
Authors: Hong Li, Jin Shu Cheng, Xin Cao, Tian He Wang
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