Papers by Keyword: Cold-Formed Steel

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Authors: Tae Soo Kim, Min Seung Kim, Sung Woo Shin
Abstract: The application of stainless steel in buildings has been increased gradually with excellent life cycle cost for ensuring the sustainability in structures for the reduction of green house gas emission. Especially, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the structural behaviors such as ultimate strength, fracture mode and out of plane deformation, i.e., curling of single shear bolted connection of cold-formed austenitic stainless steel with two bolts (2×1 bolt arrangement). Plate thickness and end distance parallel to the direction of applied force are considered as main variables. The curling was also observed in the bolted connections with a long end distance and edge distance as the previous researches. Curling occurrence resulted in the change of fracture modes in connections with same bolt arrangement and end distance and ultimate strength reduction.
Authors: Tae Soo Kim, Min Seung Kim
Abstract: Based on the existing test results of single shear bolted connection fabricated with cold-formed ferritic stainless steel, in this study, the experiment for double shear bolted connections with bolt arrangements(1×2, 2×2) and end distance parallel to the loading direction as main variables has been performed. Specimens were planed with a constant dimension of edge distance perpendicular to the loading direction, bolt diameter, pitch and gauge. Ultimate strength and fracture mode obtained from test results were compared with those predicted by current American and Japan design codes such as AISI and AIJ.
Authors: Huang Ying Shen, Yu Shun Li, Zhen Wen Zhang, Tian Yuan Jiang, Jun Zhe Liu
Abstract: The objective of this research was to develop a new composite material/system in structural civil engineering. To use of mechanical properties of bamboo-based panel and cold-formed steel, this study composite two kind of materials above-mentioned together utilizing structural adhesives. The research developed various of bamboo/steel composite members, such as composite slabs, composite walls, composite beams and composite columns. And the paper emphasized mechanical performance of bamboo/steel composite slabs and composite beams. Experimental studies on flexural behavior of 6 composite slabs and 9 composite beams were carried out and the failure process, failure modes and failure mechanism were investigated. Experiment results indicates that the bamboo plywood and cold-formed steel can form an excellent composite cross-section; Load vs. mid-span deflection curves of composite slabs and composite beams show linear on serviceability limit state. The maximum ultimate strength of composite slabs and beams have reached 30.0 kN•m and 36.13 kN•m respectively. The study shows that bamboo-steel composite members have good prospects in building structures of China.
Authors: Fadhluhartini Muftah, Mohd Syahrul Hisyam Mohd Sani, Mohd Fakri Muda, Shahrin Mohammad
Abstract: Cold-formed steel (CFS) with several of the advantages is selected in construction activity as structural and non-structural element. CFS with variety of shape, dimension and grade is chosen to replace traditional material that largely used before. In the study, CFS is utilised as a compression member to support beams element in the building. The column made with CFS is important to sustain the load and build the stable equilibrium circumstances. The column stability is the big issue that must be discussed and determined to prevent the buckling load, unmanageable deflection and lastly building collapse. So that, the study of structural properties and column capacity under compression load of the column is being investigated. Compression test of built up CFS channel that is attached at open side facing by using bolting through the web of the channel. A tensile coupon specimen of channel is taken at the flange and web of CFS channel to find the actual material properties the results that the CFS behave similar to a carbon steel with yield stress 500 MPa. Five arrangement of bolt that are margin of its mid height, compressed using a servo machine to get the axial capacity of the column. Under constant length of 900 mm and constant material, the end distance of bolt to the tip of the column are greatly affecting the column capacity by strengthening its bearing capacity. Hence, it is recommended that, the end distance of bolt must be placed at 20 mm to improve the bearing strength of the column, and the spacing of columns can be restudy for better results.
Authors: Rui Hong Tong, Yi Lv
Abstract: This paper first to roll bending forming algorithm is-implicit algorithm and genetic algorithm was carried on the detailed comparison demonstrates to the existing literature experiment for object model, based on the implicit algorithm, established for prediction of the residual stress multi-channel times roll bending forming simulation method, solve the problems of the simulation process convergence, and the influence of the cold bending forming the prediction precision steel simulation parameters were analyzed. Sure the implicit algorithm based on the roll bending forming lane simulation method, and emphasizes to discuss how to solve the resulting convergence problem.
Authors: Khaled Alenezi, Mahmood Md Tahir, Talal Alhajri, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: Cold-formed steel (CFS) is known as slender or class 4 section due to high ratio of web-to-thickness ratio. The compressive strength of this type of section is usually very low as it tends to fail due to distortion and warping before reaching the actual compressive strength. The aim of this study is to determine the ultimate capacity of build-up lipped CFS assembled with ferrocement jacket where web-stiffener is provided as the proposed composite column (CFFCC) is under axial compression load. Nine specimens of composite columns were prepared and tested. The main parameters varied in the CFFCC columns are column height, cold-formed steel thickness and influence of ferrocement jacket and web-stiffener. There are three different heights of the CFFCC composite column namely 2000mm, 3000mm and 4000mm used in this study. All CFFCC columns were tested under axial load where a thick steel plate is used to evenly distribute the applied load. The results show the effect of providing both the ferrocement jacket to increase the confinement effect and the web stiffener to provide sufficient lateral support to the column web. A significant increase in both the strength and the ductility of the specimens under axial loading has been recorded. The strength capacity of CFFCC has been improved by about 178% greater than that of bare steel column. Also it is found that, axial load capacity of CFS-ferrocement jacket composite columns (CFFCC) were increased with the increase in thickness of CFS. The use of web-stiffener has improved the axial load capacity of the column but not that significant.
Authors: Anis Saggaff, Khaled Alenezi, Mahmood Md Tahir, Talal Alhajri, Mohamad Ragae
Abstract: Cold-formed steel (CFS) is known to be a thin section. Thus it is considered a weak slender steel section which limits the compression capacity of the column. The aim of this study was to determine the ultimate capacity of built-up lipped CFS (assembled with ferrocement jacket) as composite column (CFFCC) under axial compression load. Nine specimens of composite columns were prepared and tested. The main parameters that varied in the CFFCC columns were column height, cold-formed steel thickness, and influence of ferrocement jacket. There were are three different heights of the CFFCC composite column namely 2000mm, 3000mm and 4000mm used in this study. All CFFCC columns were tested under axial load by a thick steel plate. The results indicated that ferrocement jacket provided sufficient lateral support to the column web and significantly increased both the strength and ductility of the specimens under axial loading. The strength capacity of CFFCC improved significantly, about 149% greater than that of bare steel column section. It was also found that the axial load capacity of CFS-ferrocement jacket composite columns (CFFCC) had increased significantly (in the range of 20% to 40%) as thickness of CFS increased.
Authors: Xiao Feng Wu, Yin Hai Zhao, Jue Zhu, Chong Sun, Chao Xie
Abstract: In this paper, a finite element analysis model for C-section cold-formed steel members partially restrained in its rotational direction by sheeting is established. Analyses are carried out using the model to examine the ultimate load carrying capability of the members when they are subjected to uplift wind loading. The analyses consider the material and geometric nonlinearities. The numerical analysis results show that the sheeting restraints have significant influence on the structural performance of the C-section purlin. It can increase the ultimate load carrying capacity evidently.
Authors: Ştefan Benzar, Viorel Ungureanu, Dan Dubină, Mircea Burcă
Abstract: Corrugated web girders emerged in the past two decades. Their main advantages consists in the possibility to use slender webs avoiding the risk of premature local buckling. Consequently, higher moment capacity might be obtained increasing the beam depth with really thin webs, which are stiffened by the corrugations. Increased interest for this solution was observed for the main frames of single-storey steel buildings and steel bridges. A new solution was proposed at the Politehnica University of Timisoara, in which the beam is composed by a web of trapezoidal steel sheet and flanges of back-to-back lipped channel steel sections. This solution uses self-drilling screws for connecting flanges to the web and to ensure the continuity of the web as seam fasteners. Starting from this new technological solution the paper extends and investigates the use of spot welding as seam fastening to build the web, in order to increase the degree of automation of fabrication. Experimental work of specimens in shear having two or three layers of steel sheets connected by spot welding will be presented. The results will be implemented on a numerical model in order to study the behaviour of the beams presented above.
Authors: Ting Ting Tang, Jian Yao
Abstract: Distortional buckling which is one of the most important buckling modes for cold-formed lipped channel sections as well as local buckling and global buckling may change mechanical properties and decrease the ultimate load of members. This paper reviews research achievements in distortional buckling, compares the existed design methods according to five national (regional) codes and the latest research achievements. Based on the comparison between five calculating data and test results, it is shown that the design method of North American specification has widespread application and relatively high accuracy, which could supply references for structural design.
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