Papers by Keyword: Cold Rolling

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Authors: Hirofumi Inoue
Abstract: A new rolling process, which combined asymmetric rolling with symmetric rolling, was adopted in age-hardenable 6xxx series Al-Mg-Si alloy promising as automotive body panels in order to develop favorable textures for the deep drawability after solution treatment. Symmetric cold rolling at high reduction and subsequent asymmetric warm rolling at low reduction for AA6022 sheets led to the formation of “TD-rotated β-fiber texture” including moderate {111}<uvw>-oriented components, resulting in noticeable evolution of {111}<110> recrystallization texture during the solution treatment at a high temperature. The results of texture analysis and microstructural observation suggested that the low stored energy after asymmetric warm rolling, the high fraction of high angle boundaries with neighboring deformed matrices and the approximate 40° <111> orientation relationship with deformed matrices would strongly affect the evolution of {111}<110> recrystallization texture.
Authors: Hong Bin Ren, A. Kiet Tieu, Cheng Lu, Giovanni D'Alessio
Abstract: In this paper, a 3D slab method model has been developed. Two differential equations governing the longitudinal and transverse force equilibriums coupled with the Von Mises yield criterion have been solved to obtain the rolling pressure distribution. The strip speed is calculated according to the volume constancy. The Coulomb friction law with different frictional coefficient and speeds were applied to the longitudinal and transverse direction. Coupled with the roll stack deformation model and thermal model, the developed 3D slab method model was used to predict the strip profile and edge drop. The effects of bending force, reduction and transverse friction on the strip profile and edge drop have been discussed in this paper. The calculated result predicted by the 3D slab method is in very good agreement with measured results. The results have shown that the large bending force, small reduction and small friction will improve the strip profile and reduce the edge drop.
Authors: Abdelali Hayoune
Abstract: In contrast to isothermal aging, few reports document the non-isothermal aging of deformed Al–Mg–Si alloys. The knowledge of non-isothermal aging of pre-deformed Al–Mg–Si alloys is of primary importance to understand the thermal stability as well as to control the microstructure of the final product during industrial processing. Therefore, the present work has been focused to understand the microstructure evolution during the continuous heating of a cold rolled Al–Mg–Si alloy. This has been followed using dilatometry, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, X-Ray Diffraction and microhardness measurement. Based on the results obtained, it is shown that dilatometry is a powerful tool to study phase transformations in deformed Al-Mg-Si alloys, moreover, the microstructural evolution, of the cold rolled sample, can be described as follows: at the earlier stages of the non-isothermal aging, formation and then the reversion of fully coherent GP zones take place. This is followed by the simultaneous occurrence of β” and β’ precipitation and recovery reaction. By continuing aging, the next reactions which will take place are β” and β’ dissolution and recrystallization. Finally, one can observe the formation and then the dissolution of the equilibrium phase β.
Authors: Peng Fei Wang, Dian Hua Zhang, Xu Li, Jia Wei Liu
Abstract: In order to improve the flatness of cold rolled strips, strategies of closed loop feedback flatness control and rolling force feed forward control were established respectively, based on actuator efficiency factors. As the basis of flatness control system, efficiencies of flatness actuators provide a quantitative description to the law of flatness control. For the purpose of obtaining accurate efficiency factors matrixes of actuators, a self-learning model of actuator efficiency factors was established. The precision of actuator efficiency factors could be improved continuously by correlative measurement flatness data inputs. Meanwhile, the self-learning model of actuator efficiency factors permits the application of this flatness control for all possible types of actuators and every stand type. The developed flatness control system has been applied to a 1250mm single stand 6-H reversible UCM cold mill. Applications show that the flatness control system based on actuator efficiency factors is capable to obtain good flatness.
Authors: Ji Lai Yu, Ting Quan Gu, Jian Guo Wang
Abstract: This paper firstly analyzes the problems that exist in the cold rolling of steel industry. Secondly, a new approach is proposed to temper and straighten the strip steel based on the temper leveling mill, shortly, TLM. The required high quality of the wave, surface and mechanical properties can be achieved only with TLM. TLM holds the functions of both temper machine and straightening mill and can produce good quality strip steel, no only the waviness, mechanical properties, but also the surface quality. The usage of TLM can lower the cost of the production of tempering, straightening and equipment investment.Finally, the experiments are done and verify the validity of the approach.
Authors: Zhi Jie Jiao, Jian Ping Li, Jie Sun
Abstract: High strength steels, such as austenitic stainless steel, Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steel and silicon steel, have significant work hardening during cold rolling, which in turn induces a quickly increased rolling force. Tension plays a very important role in the reduction of the rolling force. However, coiler tension control system used in the classic experimental rolling mill requires long-scale strip, which cannot be satisfied for most experimental cases. To overcome this drawback, a new pilot rolling mill has been developed. The horizontally located hydraulic cylinders and clamps have been used to apply tension to the rolled short-scale strip. With this rolling mill, the austenitic stainless steel strip, TRIP steel strip and other high strength strips have been studied.
Authors: Francisco Cruz-Gandarilla, Richard Penelle, Hector Mendoza León, Thierry Baudin, J. Gerardo Cabañas-Moreno
Authors: Wei Hua Sun, Hong Chun Li, Ahn Kiet Tieu
Abstract: The MMS-2B wear machine was used to study abrasion wear of work rolls in cold rolling by simulating emulsion cooling during the cold rolling process. The work roll materials used were 4%Cr, same as those in industrial production. The surface SEM scanning photographs were taken every 30 minutes until the friction experiment finished, and erosive appearance of emulsion on the work roll surface could be seen in the photos. The corrosive wear of the work roll surface is discussed. Findings show that the main causes of stress corrosion and pitting corrosion are uneven microstructure on the work roll surface and a large number of dislocation accumulations, which form microscopic cells. Water in steel rolling emulsion is the main conductive medium of electrochemistry reaction, and this intensifies the corrosive wear.
Authors: Yan Feng Pan, Pi Zhi Zhao, Yi Fu Shen, Xiang Jun Shi, Tao Jiang
Abstract: The deformation behaviours and microstructure transformations during the cold rolling process of Al-1.4Fe-0.2Mn alloy sheets prepared from 99.7% pure aluminium were investigated by means of hardness-testing, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The phenomena of work hardening and work softening were observed. The hardness of Al-1.4Fe-0.2Mn alloy sheets increased with the increasing of cold rolling reduction firstly, and reached to a peak at 80% cold rolling reduction, meaning work hardening. However, with further increasing of cold rolling reduction, the hardness decreased, which indicates work softening. During the initial deformation stage, the dislocation density and the number of sub-grain structures increased gradually, and many dislocations formed tangles, resulting in work hardening. When the cold rolling reduction exceeded 80%, the dislocation density decreased and sub-grain structures polygonized, leading to work softening. The forming of Mn, Fe and Si bearing compounds is an important reason for the work softening due to lowering solid solution content.
Authors: Y.Z. Zhu, Xiao Hui Li, J.C. Li, Wei Long Fan, Cheng Wei Xia, Ran Liu
Abstract: AA1235 aluminum alloys were twin roll cast into a 7.0 mm-thick billet and further rolled into a plate with 70% reduction, followed by annealing at 500 C for 8 h. Abnormal grains were found to be formed on the plate bottom surface. SEM, EBSD, and micro X-ray diffraction were used to analyze the mechanism underlying the abnormal growth of these grains. Results showed that the {100} <001> texture was formed in the surrounding normal grains adjacent to the abnormal grain. The orientation angle between the abnormal grain and its adjacent normal grains was 45°. The {100} <001> texture formed during rolling and annealing accelerated abnormal grain growth. The partially dissolved Fe precipitates were heterogeneously distributed in the plate bottom heterogeneously, which also mainly explained abnormal grain growth.
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