Papers by Keyword: Color Filter

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Authors: James C. Chen, Ling Huey Su, Gary C. Chao, Chih Cheng Chen, Tzu Wei Peng, Cheng Ju Sun, Jui Wei Chien, Hui Chien Chien
Abstract: This research proposed Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) system to effectively and efficiently balance machine loading for color filter fabrication plants in Thin Film Transistor - Liquid Crystal Display industry. APS uses six modules to estimate future equipment loading and calculate order due dates according to capacity limits by taking into account the due date and size of orders, as well as the capacity, loading, and yield of fabrication plants. These six modules include: Order Priority Module, WIP-Pulling Module, Order Release Module, Material Management Module, Workload Accumulation Module, and Workload Balance Module. A lot’s start processing time at each production step is selected leading to the best workload balance. Simulation and experimental design are used to evaluate the performance of APS. Production manager can use APS to improve color filter fabrication plants’ productivity and competitiveness.
Authors: P.S. Pa
Abstract: A newly designed ellipsoidal electrode tool used for micro-electrochemical etching (μ-ECE) in a precise reclamation process that removes defective In2O3SnO2 conductive microstructure from the surface of LCD color filters is presented. The electrochemical removal of ITO film eliminates the danger of scoring the surface of the substrate. The efficiency of the electrochemical process, enhanced by the ellipsoidal shaped electrode, also allows the feed rate of the workpiece (display color filter) to be higher and this reduces production costs. In the current study, a higher current rating and a faster workpiece feed effectively resulted in more effective removal. An ellipsoidal anode with a small major axis coupled with a narrow gap between the cathode and the workpiece also reduces the time taken to remove the In2O3SnO2. An ellipsoidal anode with small minor axis also provides better discharge mobility and removal. A thin cathode or one with a small arc radius also gives a higher removal rate for In2O3SnO2. The effective ellipsoidal anode provides more discharge mobility and removes the In2O3SnO2 easily and cleanly in a short time. The surface roughness, the average light transmittance and chromaticity of the three primary colors is also maintained at the same level after the μ-ECE process as it was before the removal of the ITO.
Authors: James C. Chen, Ji Geng Wu, Chih Cheng Chen, Tzu Wei Peng, Hui Chien Chien
Abstract: Intense global competition and declining profit have caused most Thin Film Transistor - Liquid Crystal Display (TFT-LCD) manufacturers to increase their competitiveness by improving productivity and reducing cycle times. This research developed Automated Scheduling and Dispatching (ASD) system to automatically generate production schedules for multiple color filter fabrication plants in TFT-LCD industry. On the basis of backward scheduling and forward scheduling, ASD was developed to estimate future equipment loading and calculate order due dates according to capacity limits by taking into account the due date and size of orders, as well as the capacity, loading, and yield of fabrication plants. ASD system can assign orders to production lines, plan order release time, and balance equipment loading. Microsoft Visual Basic for Application (VBA) was used to develop ASD system in this research. Preliminary results in a case study demonstrated that ASD can efficiently generate scheduling results. ASD has been partially implemented in the studied color filter fabrication plants. Compared to manual operations for scheduling and dispatching, more than two-third time was saved by using ASD. Further improvement is under study and development.
Authors: Ren Jin Shao, Yan Ye, Xiao Xuan Dong, Yun Zhou, Su Shen, Lin Sen Chen
Abstract: Abstract: Color filter incorporating a subwavelength triangular-lattice cylinder arrays in metal-dielectric films on quartz substrate was proposed. The device consists of a quartz substrate, a triangular-lattice cylinder arrays in both dielectric layer of ZnS and a metallic layer of aluminum (Al). The broadband transmission characteristic of the proposed device in the visible wavelength range was investigated in detail by the rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). Specially by discussing the effects of the structure parameters to the resonant wavelength, typical optimized structure parameters are obtained, in which more than 74.6% peak transmission efficiency with FWHM of ~ 80 nm were simultaneously achieved for the tricolor filters. The simulation results show that the peak transmission efficiency (PET) increases more than 17% with lower color cross-talk compared to the previous color filters.
Authors: James C. Chen, Shu Jen Hu, Po Tsang B. Huang, Chiuhsiang Joe Lin, Kuo Jung Chao, Chih Cheng Chen
Abstract: A Finite Capacity Planning Policy (FCPP) is developed for multiple color filter (CF) fabs where each fab has several identical production lines. FCPP assigns customer orders to multiple fabs and multiple lines by taking into account each fab’s available capacity and Work-In-Process (WIP) level, as well as each order’s batch size, product type, process routing, and processing time. After all orders are assigned to fabs and lines, order release time and finish time are determined by the implementation of several modules. FCPP is developed in Microsoft Visual Basic for Application (VBA), and an AutoMod simulation model is also developed. A company with two CF fabs and two lines at each fab is treated as a case study, and industrial data from these fabs are collected and used to evaluate the performance of FCPP based on the design of experiments. Preliminary simulation results show that FCPP can effectively and efficiently balance the loading between fabs and also balance the loading between lines in each fab.
Authors: Chi Hung Lee, Tsung Hsien Huan
Abstract: To replace the color filter in the conventional display, we describe a color-separation backlight consisting of three modules: the light collimation module, the light guide and the micro-lens array. With angularly positioned color LEDs, the displaying method requires only two two-color filter layers to display color images. In the light collimation module, the angular rays of two colors from each LED are collimated by a reflective cup and a collimation lens. After entering the light guide, which is composed of V-groove structures at the bottom above a reflective layer, the angular collimated color beams are redirected to the normal of the top surface of light guide. Finally, the output rays are converged by a micro-lens array and mapped into corresponding sub-pixel positions for efficiently displaying color image. The three main advantages of such technology are the reduction of the dye color filter layers from conventional 3 to 2, the gain factor of transmission efficiency two times more than that of conventional color filters, and the larger color gamut.
Authors: Pai Shan Pa
Abstract: A mechanism design for the recycling process for removing the ITO-layer from color filter surface of TFT-LCD is presented. The defect rate of the ITO-layer is easily existent through the processes of semiconductor production. By establishing a recycling process for the ultra-precise removal of the thin film microstructure, the semiconductor optoelectronic industry can effectively recycle defective products, reducing both production costs and pollution. In the current experiment, the major interest is the design mechanism features of the removal process for a thin layer of ITO. For the recycling processes, a high flow velocity of the electrolyte provides a larger discharge mobility and a better removal effect. A thin thickness of the negative-electrode, an adequate gapwidth between the negative-electrode and the workpiece, or a higher working temperature corresponds to a higher removal rate for the ITO-layer. An adequate feed rate of the color filter combined with enough electric power produces a fast removal rate. An effective mechanism design and a low-cost recycling process using the electrochemical removal requires quite a short time to make the ITO layer remove easily and cleanly.
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