Papers by Keyword: Columbite

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Authors: Daiki Sakuraba, Kenji Toda, Kazuyoshi Uematsu, Mineo Sato
Authors: Rob C. Pullar, J.D. Breeze, Neil McN. Alford
Authors: A.A. Cavalheiro, Juliana C. Bruno, M.A. Zaghete, José Arana Varela
Abstract: The solid solution 0.9PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3-0.1PbTiO3 is one of the most widely investigated relaxor ceramic, because of its high dielectric constant and low sintering temperatures. PMN-PT powders containing single perovskite phase were prepared by using a Ti-modified columbite precursor obtained by the polymeric precursor method. Such precursor reacts directly with stoichiometric amount of PbO to obtain pyrochlore-free PMNPT powders. The structural effects of K additive included in the columbite precursor and 0.9PMN-0.1PT powders were also studied. The phase formation at each processing step was verified by XRD analysis, being these results used for the structural refinement by the Rietveld method. It was verified the addition of K in the columbite precursor promotes a slight increasing in the powder crystallinity. There was not a decrease in the amount of perovskite phase PMN-PT for 1mol% of K, and the particle and grain size were reduced, making this additive a powerful tool for grain size control.
Authors: Jin Chen, Hui Qing Fan, Shao Jun Qiu
Abstract: Relaxor-based ferroelectrics, 0.65Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.35PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) with a pyrochlore-free phase, was prepared by a modified polymerized complex process. The reactive columbite (MgNb2O6) phase was synthesized by the polymerized complex method at 1050oC for 4 h with 3wt% excess MgO. Lead acetate and tetrebutyl titanate were used to synthesize pyrochlore-free PMN-PT powder via the columbite route, from 800oC to 900oC, in air for 4 h. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were used to detect the perovskite phase evolution and the presence of the pyrochlore phase in PMN-PT. The formation of perovskite PMN-PT is a function of the time and temperature conditions of the precursor calcinations, and an optimum condition for the thermal decomposition of the precursor was determined to avoid the formation of the pyrochlore phase.
Authors: A.A. Cavalheiro, M.A. Zaghete, Carlos de Oliveira Paiva-Santos, M.T. Silva Giotto, M. Cilense, José Arana Varela, Y.P. Mascarenhas
Authors: Juliana C. Bruno, A.A. Cavalheiro, M.A. Zaghete, M. Cilense, José Arana Varela
Abstract: The complex perovskite compound 0.9PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3-0.1PbTiO3 is one of the most promising relaxor ceramic because the addition of lead titanate increases Tm by about 5°C/mol% from intrinsic Tm value for pure PMN (near –7 to -15°C). A Ti-modified columbite precursor was used to prepare PMN-PT powders containing single perovskite phase. This variation on columbite route includes Ti insertion in MgNb2O6 orthorhombic structure so that individual PT synthesis becomes unnecessary. Furthermore, effects of Li additive on columbite and PMN-PT structures were studied by XRD to verify the phase formation at each processing step. XRD data were also used for the structural refinement by Rietveld method. The additive acts increasing columbite powders crystallinity, and the amount of perovskite phase was insignificantly decreased by lithium addition. By SEM micrographs it was observed that Li presence in PMN-PT powders leads to the formation of rounded primary particles and for 1mol% of additive, the grain size is not changed, different from when this concentration is enhanced to 2mol%.
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