Papers by Keyword: Composite

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Authors: Qing Sen Meng, Shao Ping Chen, Q.L. Wang, Z.A. Munir
Abstract: In this paper, the synthesis of four-layered functionally graded materials (FGMs) samples of (TiB2)pNi/(TiB2)p(Ni+Ni3Al)/ Ni3Al with different metallic substrate (Ni, Cu and Cr-Ni steel) by field-activated and pressure-assisted synthesis process (FAPAS) was investigated. It was shown that the imposition of the electric field and the combustion reaction of Ni3Al is the key for the successful synthesis of the FGMs during process. The exothermal reaction of the powder of nickel and aluminum during combustion enhanced the diffusion bonding in the interfaces subsequently. The microstructure, phase composition of the interfaces and mechanical properties of the graded materials were characterized, which showed indicative formation of firm bonds by the combustion reactive process. The samples have an excellent thermal shock resistance ability and gradient distribution of micro-hardness across the substrate layers and the surface layer.
Authors: Aekkapan Sriboonrung, Siree Tangbunsuk, Chomdao Sinthuvanich, Wirunya Keawwattana
Abstract: The hydroxyapatite functionalized graphene (HAp-GnP) was prepared by precipitation method. It was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Polylactic acid (PLA)/HAp-GnP and PLA/HAp-GnP composites were prepared in film by solution casting. The amount of HAp-GnP and HAp/GnP filled in PLA was fixed at 5% (by weight). The influence of HAp-GnP in the mechanical properties including tensile strength (TS), tensile modulus (E) and elongation at break (EB) of composites was investigated. It was found that tensile strength (TS) and tensile modulus (E) of the PLA/HAp-GnP composite were higher than those of PLA/HAp/GnP composite as a result of HAp making the interfacing with graphene leading to the greater distribution of HAp-GnP in PLA matrix. The PLA/HAp-GnP composite is applicable to be applied as bone substitute in the future.
Authors: Ying Gao, Dei Gui Zhu, Ling Cheng, Hong Liang Sun, Qing Wang
Abstract: Particles reinforced Al-xwt.%Si-Al2O3 (x=10,20) composites are fabricated through in situ reaction sintering of Al and SiO2 powder by hot isostatic pressing. Outgassing process and the microstructure of composites under different sintering processes are studied.XRD analysis confirms that the best hot outgassing temperature is 500°C,in situ reaction achieves completely and samples A2 and B2 have better microstructure at 550°C then heating-up to 700°C only for 1h.The microstructure analysis indicates that the reinforcement particulates distribute uniformly in the aluminum matrix.The mechanical properties test results show that the tensile strength of A2 is higher than B2. when x=10,the Al-Si-Al2O3 composites have better performance.
Authors: Ying Lv, Jun Gang Li, Ming Zhong Wu, Xiao Peng Zhang, Hai Tao Wu
Abstract: TiC/Fe composites were successfully fabricated in situ by self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) technology. The effect of Fe content on the microstructure of the synthetic products was discussed. Results showed that the SHS products of Ti-C-30wt%Fe system were mainly composed of TiC and Fe as well as a few Fe2Ti.Spherical TiC particles with 2-3μm distributed on the Fe matrix uniformly. With the increase of Fe content, the combustion temperature reduced, resulting in the decrease of growth rate of TiC particles.
Authors: Aurelia Cristina Nechifor, Alexandrina Ivan, Stefan Ioan Voicu, Valeriu Danciulescu, Roxana Trusca
Abstract: In order to improve the capabilities of zeolites for biomedical applications, new composite materials based on polyaniline in-situ generated inside zeolite pores were developed. As precursors for polyaniline several monomers (like aniline and p-phnylenediamine) were used and different oxidant systems (like ammonium peroxodisulphate/HCl, sodium vanadate/ethylic alcohol) were studied and were used for the separation of different biological interest ions and release of antibiotics.
Authors: Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar
Abstract: Laser as a source of focused energy may be applied for the modification of microstructure and/or composition of the near surface region of a component. The technique may be applied for the development of a ceramic/intermetallics/interstitial compound dispersed metal matrix composite layer on the surface of metallic substrate by melting the substrate with a high power laser and simultaneous addition of alloy powders for the development of metal matrix composite layer by in-situ reactions. In the present contribution, development of metal-dispersed and intermetallic-dispersed matrix composite layer on the surface of metallic matrix has been discussed with a suitable example of its application.
Authors: Bin Zhou, Ning Wang, Xing Xiang Zhang, Ya Ping Wang, Jun Cheng Xiong, Xiang Yan
Abstract: Thenovel Polyaniline/viscose fiber have been synthesized in situ by oxidativepolymerization of aniline with ammonium persulfate as an oxidant and viscose fiberas a template. It was found that the PANI particlesdeposited on the surface of viscose fiberconnected to form acontinuous network by taking along the viscose fiber template,which increases the thermal stability and electrical conductivity of viscose fiber.This work provides a new field of potential applications of conducting polymer.
Authors: Jing Lai Tian, Fang Xia Ye, Li Sheng Zhong, Yun Hua Xu
Abstract: In-situ production of (Fe,Cr)7C3 particulate bundles -reinforced iron matrix composite was prepared by infiltration casting between Cr wires and white cast iron at 1200°C plus subsequent heat treatment. The composites under different heat treatment times were comparatively characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and pin-on-disc wear resistance tests. The results show that the area of the particle bundles gradually increases with the heat treatment time increasing, and the chemical compositions change from eutectic to hypoeutectic, the morphologies of the reinforcements present chrysanthemum-shaped, granular and intercrystalline eutectics. Under 5 N loads, the composites appear excellent wear resistance, which is 36 times for the reference sample.
Authors: Hajime Kiyono, Shiro Shimada
Abstract: Si3N4-Si2N2O-TiN composite ceramics were in-situ fabricated by using following reactions of (1) 3TiO2 + Si3N4 → 3TiN + 3SiO2 + N2 and (2) Si3N4+ SiO2 → 2Si2N2O. The mixed powder of α-Si3N4, Al2O3, Y2O3 and TiO2 was hot-pressed at 24 MPa and 1800°-1900°C for 1-4 h in N2. Sintered composite ceramics were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, four-point bending test and Vickers indentation method. XRD results and TEM observation showed that TiN and amorphous SiO2 were formed at 1250°C by the reaction (1), and the Si2N2O phase formed by reaction (2) above 1800°C. Si3N4-Si2N2O-TiN composites consisted of ≥2 m sized Si2N2O grains with TiN and Si3N4 grains. Hardness and fracture strength of the composites were comparable to those of Si2N2O ceramics, with fracture toughness being improved at 5vol% TiN containing composites.
Authors: Bong Jae Choi, Kyung Eui Hong, Jeong Il Youn, Young Jig Kim
Abstract: The main purpose of this research is to evaluate the wear resistance of titanium matrix composites (TMCs). Reinforcements, TiB and TiC, were formed by in-situ reaction between boron carbide and commercial pure titanium. The confirmation of the sound synthesis of TMCs was done by phase identification. And then, sliding wear test were carried out to verify the wear resistance of TMCs by means of the coefficient of friction, wear loss and morphology wear track. The results of wear test indicate that TMCs have superior resistance than AISI H13 tool steel at the condition of severe loads.
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