Papers by Keyword: Conductive

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Authors: Zhao Ming Qu, Qing Guo Wang
Abstract: Regarding to the special requirement of electromagnetic shielding materials, the concept and connotation of conductive and magnetic electromagnetic shielding composites were presented and the requirement causes of this kind of electromagnetic shielding composites applied in military and civil areas were analyzed. A structure design of new-type electromagnetic shielding materials is presented and the feasibility of the design was analyzed by associating with modeling method and optimization method.
Authors: Zhi Ming Liu, Xue Feng Wang, Wen Jian Wu
Abstract: A new type of biomimetic films of bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) supported by conductive hybrid film of Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) and cellulose is developed. The facile preparation method of the conductive hybrid films and the relevant micro conducting mechanism under electrochemical redox environment are revealed. The regenerated cellulose film is prepared from the cellulose/N-methylmorpholine N-oxide monohydrate solution. After the cellulose film is regenerated by deionized water, Au NPs in the colloid react with the newborn cellulose film. Rectangular pieces of dry hybrid films with one ends clamped with copper foil are used as electrodes. The lipid solution of phospholipid and cholesterol with a ratio of 3:1 is brushed onto the surface of dry hybrid films. There are only reducing currents in the cyclic voltammetry responses of biomimetic films under the aqueous electrolyte solution of 0.1 mol/L KCl, 1 mmol/L K3[Fe (CN)6] and 1 mmol/L K4[Fe (CN)6]. It means that the anions of [Fe (CN)6]4- are almost impossible to be oxidized into [Fe (CN)6]3- by the positively charged surfaces of Au NPs under voltages below 0.3 V.
Authors: Anika Zafiah Mohd Rus, Nur Munirah Abdullah, M.F.L. Abdullah, M. Izzul Faiz Idris
Abstract: The conductive thin film was made based on bio-based epoxy and graphite compounded with its cross-linker (Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate, MDI) and further blended with disparate percentages of pretreated graphite. The preparation of this solution started by drop casting as thin films, where the thickness of thin film was set approximately ~0.1 mm. Optical microscope, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometer has been operated to diagnose Graphite/ biopolymer composites in order to have better and accurate results of this work. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the composite thin film samples were measured at room temperature. This study shows the electrical conductivity was discovered and calculated by achieving conductivity of 103 S/m as a prove that this thin film has the ability to conduct electricity.
Authors: Zhong Li Zhao, Zun Li Mo, Chao Feng, Jun Wang
Abstract: A series of conductive composites polyaniline(PANI)-cellulose were heterogeneously synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline with native cellulose pretreated by ultrasonic. The morphology and chemical structure of the composites were examined by SEM and FTIR. TGA was used to study their thermal properties. The electrical conductivity was measured at room temperature by the standard four-probe method. For the sake of illuminating the influence of ultrasonic pretreatment on the structure and properties of PANI-cellulose composites, the SEM microphotographs, FTIR spectrum and TG curve of the PANI-cellulose composites prepared with native cellulose without any treatment were also shown in this paper to serve as reference. The PANI content and electrical conductivity of these two composites were also compared. It was found that cellulose surface was severely eroded by ultrasonic wave, and PANI homogeneously dispersed on this eroded cellulose surface in the form of particles. In reverse, the PANI particles loaded on the surface of untreated cellulose with evident aggregation. The homogeneous dispersion of PANI particles would be favor for the improvement of the electrical conductivity of the composites. From the FTIR spectra, it was verified that there was no difference between these two composites. It indicated that ultrasonic force did not lead to the variation of the chemical structure of cellulose. TG curves revealed that the thermal stability of PANI-cellulose composites was obviously enhanced than pure cellulose due to the protection of PANI particles deposited on its surface. Nevertheless, ultrasonic has a negative effect on the thermal stability of the composites, which resulted in the long cellulose molecular chains change into shorter ones, so the decomposition of composite occurred at lower temperature. It was because that ultrasonic pretreatment contributed to the homogeneous dispersion of PANI and more PANI particle depositing on the cellulose surface. Therefore, the PANI-cellulose composites with ultrasonic pretreated cellulose have more PANI content and higher electrical conductivity than the composites with untreated cellulose. Moreover, the difference of these two factors between the two composites became more and more marked with increasing of the amount of aniline. When aniline used was up to 0.5 g, the PANI content in the former was 48.2% more than the latter. This work provided a facile method for the synthesis of PANI-cellulose conductive composites with excellent conductivity.
Authors: Sheng Guo Lu, Haydn Chen
Abstract: LaNiO3 (LNO) has been used as bottom electrode layer for ferroelectric and antiferroelectric thin films due to its good conduction, preferred (100) orientation, same crystalline structure as many perovskite ferroelectrics and antiferroelectrics, good adhesion and compatibility with the Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si template. In this study we have investigated the ideal optimal post - annealing conditions for LaNiO3 thin films deposited at 450°C using a magnetron sputtering method. Heat treatment from 500 to 1200°C was performed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and electrical measurements were carried out to characterize the morphology, structure, and macroscopic properties. Results indicated that the LNO film had the best quality when annealed at about 800°C. Above this temperature, the morphology, structure and associated properties would deteriorate.
Authors: Shao Peng Wu, Bo Li, Jun Feng Huang, Zhi Fei Liu
Abstract: It is currently interesting to use thermal or electrical conductive asphalt mixtures for snow-melting and maintenance of asphalt pavements in winter or strain-sensing application. Graphite is the principal conductive filler for asphalt mixtures. The addition of Graphite not only makes asphalts conductive but also has effects on other properties. Considering the visco-elastic property of asphalt, the effects of graphite on rheological properties of asphalt binders were investigated by Viscosity Test(VT) and Dynamic Shear Rheometer(DSR). The results of Viscosity Test indicate that viscosity of asphalt binder increases with an increasing amount of graphite. And the effect is more prominent at higher amount and lower temperature. It means that graphite makes asphalt binders stiffer. The results from DSR tests present that the values of complex modulus increase while phase angles decrease under a proper amount of graphite. It infers that proper amount of graphite can make asphalt a more elastic like material. And the results of rutting parameter point out that graphite can improve the rutting resistance of asphalts.
Authors: Shao Peng Wu, Bo Li, Hong Wang, Jian Qiu
Abstract: Asphalt pavement serving as solar collector has been developed for the heating and cooling of adjacent buildings as well as to keep the pavement ice-free directly. Material parameters such as thermal conductivity and heat capacity are some of the critical parameters related to the efficiency of the asphalt collector. Graphite powders were utilized as thermal conductive fillers to make asphalt collector conductive so as to improve the efficiency of the asphalt collector. The material parameters change with the addition of graphite consequently. In order to access the solar energy absorbability of conductive asphalt collector, it is necessary to predict the temperature distribution within the asphalt layers. A transient, two-dimensional finite element model is developed to predict temperature distributions in conductive asphalt solar collector due to material parameters. The ability of accurately predict asphalt pavement temperature at different depths will greatly help pavement engineers in determining the solar energy potential of conductive asphalt collector. The results from the prediction model show that the surface temperature of pavement decreases slightly with addition of graphite. The differential maximum asphalt temperature variation at a depth of 10cm is significantly more than that at the surface. Higher temperature and lower temperature gradient can also be observed at the depth of 10cm because the heat conduction is accelerated by the addition of graphite.
Authors: Ismail H. Tavman
Abstract: Recently polymer nanocomposites are used more and more frequently in industry due to the fact that the properties of the polymers can be altered to the specific requirements by the addition of particles and fibers of different properties, shapes. Polymers are poor thermal and electrical conductors, conductive fillers such as metallic powders, carbon black, graphite, are usually incorporated into polymer matrix to produce conducting composites. In this study composites were prepared using ethylenevinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer as matrix filled with two kinds of reinforcement graphite materials: untreated natural graphite (UG) and expanded graphite (EG). Composite samples up to 29.3 % graphite particle volumetric concentrations (50 % mass concentration) were prepared by the melt mixing process in a Brabender Plasticorder. Upon mixing, the EG particles originally 5μm to 6μm in size, exfoliates in the form of nanosheets having a few nanometer thickness; they have very big surface areas with high aspect ratio ranging between 20 and 250, as evidenced by TEM micrographs. From the experimental results it was deduced that the electrical conductivity was not only a function of filler concentration, but also strongly dependent on the graphite structure. The percolation concentration of the filler was found to be (15 to 17) vol% for micro-sized natural graphite, whereas the percolation concentration of the filler in nanocomposites filled with expanded graphite was much lower, about (5 to 6) vol%. The electrical conductivity of nanocomposites was also much higher than the electrical conductivity of composites filled with micro-sized filler at similar concentrations. Similarly, the values of the thermal diffusivity for the nanocomposites, EG-filled EVA, were significantly higher than the thermal diffusivity of the composites filled with micro-sized filler, UG-filled EVA, at similar concentrations. The effect of thermal cycling on the tensile behavior of EVA composites containing 4% and 15% of UG by mass and 6% and 15% of EG by mass were subjected to thermal cycling between-25 to +60 °C. Tension tests were conducted after thermal cycling for 50 and 100 cycles. Tensile strength remained practically unchanged after thermal cycling, while the Young modulus increased appreciably with the number of thermal cycle.
Authors: Hai Hua Wang, Jin Juan Hu, Yi Ding Shen, Gui Qiang Fei, Juan Zhang
Abstract: A series of waterborne cationic polyurethanes dispersions (CWPU) was prepared through prepolymerization method by reacting polyethylene glycol (PEG1000) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) with N-methyl diethanol amine (MDEA) as chain extender. Then FeCl3 was employed as oxidant, therefore CWPU/polypyrrole (CWPU/PPy) conductive composite was prepared by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization of pyrrole (Py) in CWPU dispersions. Effects of molar ratio of FeCl3 to Py, Py concentration on the resistivity of the CWPU/PPy composite films were investigated. The structure, morphology and thermal stability were also characterized by Fourier infrared spectra (FT-IR), light scattering, TEM, and TGA. FT-IR demonstrated the presence of hydrogen-bonding interactions between CWPU and PPy. The average particle size of CWPU/PPy increased from 10.61nm to 30.29nm compared with pure PU, and corresponding size distribution decreased from 0.850 to 0.346. It was also found that CWPU/PPy displayed as spherical morphology, and no aggregation among particles was detected among particles. TGA certified CWPU/PPy was endowed with better thermal stability. In addition, conductivity stability of composites films was also studied. It was found that composite films not only displayed low resistivity but also improved conductivity stability.
Authors: Pei Lin Zhang, Guo Gang Wang, Yue Ju Zhao, Hao Wu, Yan Qiu Xia
Abstract: The conductive and fiction properties of overbased calcium sulfonate complex grease and lithium grease containing carbon black (CB) additive were investigated in detail. The results indicate that CB can dramatically improve the conductivities of the greases. Also the tribol-test results indicate that the CB can dramatically improve the tribological properties of the greases. The lithium greases containing CB, have better tribological properties than overbased calcium sulfonate complex greases. Among the lithium greases, 5% CB contained grease performs the best friction reduction properties, and among the overbased calcium sulfonate complex greases, 6% CB contained grease performs the best friction reduction properties.
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