Papers by Keyword: Conductive Polymer Composites

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Authors: Yose Fachmi Buys, Nor Afiza Syafina Lokman
Abstract: In order to develop environmentally friendly conductive polymer composites, polylactic acid (PLA) was melt blended with natural rubber (NR), with addition of carbon black (CB) as the conductive filler. It was found that the PLA/NR blends were immiscible, and the sea-island and co-continuous morphological structures were observed at PLA/NR with ratio of 80/20 vol% and 60/40 vol% respectively. Addition of CB to 60/40 PLA/NR matrix, brought the composites to become electrically conductive at CB content of 2 phr. It was also found that the impact strength of PLA/NR/CB composite is better than that of the neat PLA.
Authors: A.W. Musumeci, G.G. Silva, J.W. Liu, L. Rintoul, E.R. Waclawik, G.A. George
Abstract: Thin and short multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were used to prepare nanocomposites based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). The MWNTs were characterized by TEG, SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy following deposition of films from stable dispersions of MWNT in chloroform. Non-covalent interaction between MWNT and P3HT dissolved in chloroform allowed the preparation of solution-cast composite films. Composite thermal events such as glass transition, melting temperature and heat of fusion were investigated by DSC and compared with pure polymer. Conductivity of composite bulk films was measured as a function of temperature by 2-point probe DC-resistance measurements. Loadings of MWNTs above 0.1 weight percent (wt%) in the conjugated polymer significantly increased the conductivity of P3HT composites. Interplay between charge transport through the semiconductor polymer and carbon nanotube network allowed the increase of conductivity after percolation to values close to 10-2 S cm-1, an improvement of four orders of magnitude over that of films cast from pure P3HT.
Authors: Wei Zeng, Ming Qiu Zhang, Min Zhi Rong
Abstract: To prepare a novel gas sensor being able to recognize molecules, waterborne poly(β-cyclodextrin-block-polydiethylene glycol hexandioic ester) (i.e., waterborne β-CD-block-PDEA) was synthesized and filled with carbon black (CB). It was found that the composites’ electric resistance remarkably changed when the composites were exposed to the vapors of small size molecule solvents (including dichloromethane, chloroform and tetrahydrofuran, etc.). However, almost no response could be detected in the vapors of large size molecule solvents (like n-pentane, ethylbenzene and hexane). Besides, the responsiveness gradually decreased with increasing molecular size of organic solvents. The results evidenced that the composites have acquired considerable selective sensitivity towards gaseous analytes in terms of their molecular sizes. β-cyclodextrin rather than polydiethylene glycol hexandioic ester played the leading role in this aspect, which was explained from the viewpoint of host-gust chemistry. That is, the response mechanism is mainly based on the molecular discrimination behavior of the host compounds. The small analytes could be entrapped by the β-cyclodextrin cavity due to van der Waals force. On the other hand, solvents’ permittivity also played an important role. The molecules with high permittivity were difficult to enter the hydrophobic cavities. The present study demonstrated the composites could serve as candidates for gas sensors capable of molecule discrimination.
Authors: Run Run Xu, Xiang Hong Wu, Yun Long Han
Abstract: Carbon nanotube (CNT) has been widely used as a kind of conductive inorganic filler in composites due to its excellent mechanical properties, thermal properties and electrical properties. Unfortunately, a deal of CNT is needed because it tends to agglomerate in matrix polymers. And therefore the researchers need to explore appropriate methods to decrease the usage of CNT for its high price. This paper summaries the recent development progress in carbon nanotube filled conductive polymer composites, in aspects of the approaches how to reduce the usage of CNT and application of biodegradable CNT-polymer composites. In addition, the future developing research direction in conductive polymer composites filled with carbon nanotube was indicated.
Authors: Pratyush Havelia, Prathamesh Dhole, Manan Deb
Abstract: Polymeric Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) materials or Conducive Polymer Composites (CPC) display a certain characteristic of change in conductivity with temperature, which is unique to this kind of materials and is not found in any other electrical conductor. This paper recognizes the problem of formation of hotpots in low voltage switchboards and an economical and effective method to prevent this undesirable situation by the use of CPC’s. The tests done on samples and the obtained results bolster the proposition of using these materials as suitable temperature detection devices. A conceptual design of such a device was developed using Pro/E and is described in this paper. Current and future progress regarding the industrial potential of this device is also mentioned.
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