Papers by Keyword: Continuous FRP Rectangular Spirals

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Authors: Shi Yong Jiang, Bing Hong Li, Qian Hua Shi, Xian Qi Hu
Abstract: The replacement of steel stirrups with FRP stirrups in concrete structures can significantly improve the durability under severe environmental conditions, increase the service life of the structure. In some cases where the application of traditional concrete structures is restricted, such as structures that require the environment without magnetic and electric interferences, the best way is to use nonmetallic materials. Considering the unique properties compared with traditional reinforcements, FRP reinforcements is very suitable in such cases. This paper discussed the behavior of FRP stirrups used as shear reinforcement for concrete structures, continuous FRP rectangular spirals, a type of FRP stirrups, was used in the experimental investigation. Inspired by the test method suggested by ACI Committee 440, L shape specimen and U shape specimen are designed to test the tensile strength of continuous FRP rectangular spirals. Through the analysis of test results, it is indicated that the strength of the bent portion of FRP spirals is significantly lower than that of the straight portion, and the strength of FRP spirals would increase as the concrete strength or the embedment length of the bent portion increased. The loading mechanism of continuous FRP rectangular spirals embedded in concrete beams can be better represented by U shape specimen compared with L shape specimens, it is suggested by the author that the U shape specimen can be use when the dimension of FRP stirrups or spirals does not meet the requirements of ACI Committee 440 test method.
307
Authors: Ying Tao Li, Shi Yong Jiang, Bing Hong Li, Qian Hua Shi, Xian Qi Hu
Abstract: An experimental program was carried out by the author to investigate the shear behavior of concrete beams reinforced with continuous FRP rectangular spirals, the main variables considered in the test were the shear reinforcement ratio and the shear span to depth ratio and the longitudinal reinforcement ratio. However, the experimental program is inadequate to gain insight into the shear behavior of the members. First, the quantities of test specimens were too small, only six beams were made and tested, the experimental database was so limited that the resultant analytical results and conclusions may not be sound enough. Second, not all the main factors that have influences on the shear behavior of the members have been treated as variables in the experimental program, such as the effective transverse compression stress and the concrete compression strength, the influences of these two factor on the shear behavior of the members were not clear yet through the experimental study. Considering the insufficient information provided by the experimental investigation, the parametric analysis of the shear behavior of the members was carried out, and a revised rotating-angle softened truss model for the shear analysis of the members was proposed as the analytical tool. Based on the proposed model, the influences of various factors on the shear capacity and shear failure modes of the members were discussed, related nonlinear analysis was carried out using the arithmetic of iteration and step approximation, and several FORTRAN codes were written accordingly. Through the experimental study and the parametric analysis, it is indicated that the shear capacity and the shear failure modes of the members are greatly influenced by three major factors, including the shear reinforcement ratio and the shear span to depth ratio and the effective transverse compression stress. The influences of the concrete compression strength and the longitudinal reinforcement ratio on the shear capacity are not noticeable comparatively. The shear capacity is little affected by the shear span to depth ratio in the case of the shear-tension failure, there is no noticeable correlation between longitudinal reinforcement ratio and the shear failure modes.
2435
Authors: Bing Hong Li, Shi Yong Jiang, Qian Hua Shi, Xian Qi Hu
Abstract: The failure modes and the shear capacity of concrete beams reinforced with FRP reinforcement were discussed through an experimental investigation, in which continuous FRP rectangular spirals were used for shear reinforcement, while ordinary deformed steel bars are used for longitudinal reinforcement. Six concrete beams reinforced with FRP spirals were tested, the main variables considered were the shear reinforcement ratios, the shear span to depth ratios and the longitudinal reinforcement ratios. Two concrete beams of equal shear capacity which reinforced with continuous steel rectangular spirals were also tested to compare the behavior of concrete beams reinforced with different materials of spirals. All beams were tested as simply supported members subjected to a three-point load, the span of the beams varied in terms of different shear span to depth ratios. The test results show that the shear capacity and shear failure modes are greatly influenced by the shear reinforcement ratios and the shear span to depth ratios, the shear resistance provided by steel spirals is higher than that provided by FRP spirals in the case of equal shear capacity of beams, which is attributed to the differences in material properties and may result in different shear failure types. Based on the experimental program, four mechanical models are derived to give more accurate predictions of the shear capacity of test beams, the calculation results of these models are compared with that of the existing shear formulas or equations for concrete beams reinforced with FRP stirrups or spirals. The rotating-angle softened truss model, the strut-and-tie model, the shear formulas derived from the truss-arch model and Zsutty equations are suggested through comparison.
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