Papers by Keyword: Copper Ore

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Authors: Fei Xiong, Yan Jun Li, Zheng Zhang, Guo Fang Du, Yao Zhong Lan
Abstract: The application of new chelating reagents on the flotation of copper minerals has been paid much attention in recent years. These collectors have successfully extracted the copper minerals from the low-grade refractory ores, and one of the most important collectors is the alkylhydroxamate-based chelating reagent which shows the excellent flotation performance to the copper oxide minerals. Furthermore, the mixture of various chelating reagents can recover the copper sulfides and oxides simultaneously from the complicated copper ores, which is attributed to the synergy among collectors. Thus we conclude that it is an important flotation method by using chelating collectors in conjunction with other traditional collectors, by which the synergy can break through the limitation of single reagent and enhance the flotation efficiency.
417
Authors: V.I. Groudeva, K. Krumova, Stoyan N. Groudev
Abstract: A rich-in- carbonates copper ore was subjected to bioleaching under alkaline pH conditions by means of different microorganisms or their metabolites. The ore contained 1.40% copper, 1.94% sulphur, 3.25% iron and 20.3% carbonates, and had a pH of 8.6 and a highly positive net neutralization potential (325 kg CaCO3/t). Copper was present mainly as different sulphide minerals (bornite, covellite, chalcopyrite). The leaching was carried out by means of the shake-flask technique at 32 oC using finely ground (minus 100 μm) ore. The following microorganisms were used to leach the sample: ammonifying bacteria (related to the genera Bacillus, Acinetocater and Vibrio); heterotrophic bacteria (Acetobacter and Pseudomonas) and fungi (Asperillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum) producing citric acid; heterotrophic bacteria (Micrococcus, Alcaligenes and Bacillus) producing amino acids (mainly alanine); basophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria (Thiobacillus thioparus, Hallothiobacillus neapolitanus, Starkeya novella; ”silicate bacteria” (Bacillus circulans) producing organic acids and exopolysaccharides; bacteria possessing urease enzymatic activity (Corynebacterium). The best results were achieved by means of a mixed culture of urease-possessing bacteria, which under certain conditions was able to solubilize 64.4% of the copper within 30 days of leaching.
103
Authors: Tie Li, Ming Ma, Ming Yu Li
Abstract: After the analysis of ore properties and experiments, a suitable process is determined, and a better index is obtained under this process, which is copper concentrate 20.33 % and the recovery 95.23 %. This process provides technical reference to this kind of copper resourses.
201
Authors: Li Juan Zhang, Feng Mao, Kai Li, Xin Hua Chen, Hong Bo Zhou
Abstract: The feasibility of one strategy of bioaugmentation was assessed to enhance copper extraction from chalcopyrite. Bioaugmentation consisted of the re-addition of one iron/sulfur oxidizing acidophile (Acidithiobacillus caldus, Ferroplasma thermophilum or Leptospirillum ferriphilum) into the early stage (on the 5th day) of the bioleaching system. The strain selection and inoculum concentration of bioaugmentation were separately investigated by comparing changes in the bioleaching performance and leached solid residues. Results indicated that bioaugmentation with three augmented strains synergistically promoted the total microbial growth and increased the cell numbers, and then accelerated the iron/sulfur oxidation, thereby catalytically regenerated the copper leaching agents of Fe3+ and H+ compared to the unamended control. Finally, an enhancement in copper extraction was detected and moreover positively correlated with the introducing cell numbers. Particularly, re-addition of L. ferriphilum on the 5th day showed the best improvement in copper leaching, which remarkably shortened the incubation time (12 days) of almost full copper extraction while only 85.8% of copper was leached after 24 days in the control. Therefore, bioaugmentation could be a useful bio-remedy to improve the bioleaching kinetics and level of copper ore.
447
Authors: Yi Jie Wang, Shu Ming Wen, Dian Wen Liu, Dan Liu
Abstract: Properties of the ore were studied by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis and optical microscopy analysis. Research results show that the ore contains 479.5 g/t of silver and 0.54% of copper. Silver minerals are mainly argentite, copper minerals are mainly chalcopyrite and digenite, and gangue minerals are mainly quartz and dolomite. Based on the properties of the ore, flotation feasibility study was conducted. Results show that concentrate with excellent test indexes that a Ag grade of 4787.31 g/t with a Ag recovery of 87.97% and a Cu grade of 6.01% with a Cu recovery of 87.92% were obtained under the used process and reagent system conditions.
447
Authors: Zhong Hui Zhang, Yao Zhong Lan
Abstract: This paper studies of the relationship between mineralogical characteristics and beneficiation of a copper ore in terms of process mineralogy.The study shows that the copper ore embraces little sulfide,its gangue minerals are deficient of ferrum and calcium,gangue minerals and copper minerals embedded micro-fine cloth, Fully grinding mill can make the mineral cleavage, and thus get good separation of minerals.
347
Authors: Dong Chen, Yue Yu, Li Min Liu, Zhi Bin Han
Abstract: A copper dressing plant in Jiangxi province of China deals with raw ore in the capacity of 185,000 t/a, and its copper recovery is 86.5% while 13.5% copper still remained in tailings, and a considerable amount of copper is lost in coarse particles tailings. Coarse particles with large size and big mass are very easily detached from bubbles in flotation process, so it is difficult for the plant to use original flotation process and equipments to deal with copper ore. To recycle copper from tailings produced by original flotation circuit, laboratorial experiments were carried out, and then recycle system for that tailing was established and two steps beneficiation process was determined. The first step beneficiation only include one rougher bank, and two sets of CGF-40 flotation cells specially designed by BGRIMM(Beijing General Research of Mining and Metallurgy) for coarse mineral particles were used. The second step beneficiation consisted of one rougher bank, one scavenger bank and two cleaner banks, which is designed to further process froth product from step one. Based on that recycle system, the effect of the reagent and the operation parameters on flotation results was also investigated. The industrial test result shows that the copper recovery of entire recycle system is above 20% while the copper grade of 0.3% (equivalent to copper grade of raw ore). It is estimated that 3,000 tons of copper would be recycled per year using this flotation technique.
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