Papers by Keyword: Coupling Agent

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Authors: Baoan Li, Han Han Fan
Abstract: Plastic heat exchangers has the shortcomings of bulky, thick pipe wall with large thermal resistance, poor heat transfer, aging of plastic and a narrow temperature range. The key to increase the heat transfer performance of heat exchanger is improving thermal performance of heat conduction.To enhance heat transfer effects and expand the temperature range of using plastic heat exchanger, PVDF with good temperature resistance is used as matrix and modification with graphite fillers to prepare composite hollow fiber which has the advantage of small diameter, thin wall and good thermal conductivity. Also, composite materials hollow fibers are used to prepare shell and tube hollow fiber heat exchanger.The testing of "water - water" system for our heat exchanger module has been done, and the results indicate that adding graphite is helpful to improve thermal conductivity of PVDF-based heat conductive hollow fiber heat exchanger to a certain extent.hen the content of graphite is 3%, the heat transfer effect is the best.
Authors: B.Y. Lim, Salmah Husseinsyah, Pei Leng Teh
Abstract: The rheological properties of the low density polyethylene (LDPE)/palm kernel shell (PKS) composites were studied by using a melt flow indexer. The silane treated and untreated composites were investigated. Both of the composites were further varied by amount of filler loading from 10 to 40 php. The testing temperature of composites varied from 180 to 210 °. It was found out that the MFI values of the composites increased with temperature but decreased with a rise of filler loading. The treated LDPE/PKS composites exhibited lower MFI values compared to untreated composites, which indicated the increase of viscosity. Thus, a better adhesion between the LDPE matrix and PKS was established. The effect of temperature on the viscosity of LDPE/PKS composites was found to obey the Arrhenius equation. The results showed that the activation energy of the composites increased with the increase of filler loading. However, at similar filler loading, the silane treated composites showed lower activation energy compared to untreated composites, leading to the reduction of their temperature sensitivity.
Authors: Ritu Gupta, Norrozila Sulaiman, Mohammed Dalour Hossain Beg, Arun Gupta
Abstract: In this paper, empirical models are proposed using multiple non linear regressions technique to predict the influence on the Youngs modulus and the tensile strength of the natural fiber reinforced plastic composites (NFRPC). Maleic Anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) has been a proven coupling agent (CA) used to improve the interfacial bonding between the fibers and the plastics material. It is important to include the factor of coupling agent, when making predictions the properties of the composites through the models. For the development of the model, data was collected from various research journals presented in literature. Non linear regression analysis was performed to obtain the empirical model using polymath scientific software. The results were found to be within the acceptable range.
Authors: Zulia Hasratiningsih, Arief Cahyanto, Veni Takarini, Elin Karlina, Nina Djustiana, Renny Febrida, Kosterman Usri, Yanwar Faza, Andri Hardiansyah, Bambang Sunendar Purwasasmita
Abstract: In this study, novel composites materials composed of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) reinforced ZrO2-Al2O3-SiO2 filler system were developed. Zirconia-alumina-silica filler system were synthesized through sol-gel technique. Chitosan and trimethoxypropilsilane (TMPS) were used to modify the composites system. The resulting composites material were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and hardness test. SEM images displayed the composites particles in nanometer size with minor agglomeration. The XRD results revealed the presence of cubic and tetragonal phase of zirconia and also monoclinic silica phases in the composites system. These crystallographic characteristic could affect the mechanical properties of the composites. The hardness value for un-modified composites was 15.27 ± 0.25 VHN and for TMPS 19.43 ± 1.89 VHN and chitosan modification 18.75 ± 2.05 VHN, respectively. Therefore, these novel composites materials composed of PMMA reinforced filler system of zirconia-alumina-silica would provide the potential to apply in dental technology.
Authors: Shi Ming Hu, Min Xu
Abstract: The recycling of crop straw and waste plastic related to environmental pollution control and improvement.In this paper,we study the effects of different kinds of coupling agents on the mechanical properties and the microstructure change of the composite; MAPP、MAPE and TSZ as the coupling agent to enhance the interfacial adhesion between straw fiber and HDPE. The results indicate that: Coupling agents can modify the Straw/HDPE composites’ combined state of the two phases interfaces. MAPE can improve the mechanical properties of composites better than MAPP. Adding TSZ would suppression the two interfaces combination of HDPE and straw, depress the mechanical properties.DMA shows that adding MAPE in the composites, the storage modulus and glass transition temperature increased, the damping performance decreased. SEM shows that after adding MAPE the combination of composites have significantly improved.
Authors: Shubhalakshmi Sengupta, Sunanda Sain, Dipa Ray, Aniruddha Mukhopadhyay
Abstract: Two industrial wastes fly ash and polypropylene was used to develop novel composite materials. The fly ash (FA) particles were coated with stearic acid (SA) and palmitic acid (PA) in 1 wt% concentration. The surface coated fly ash particles were incorporated as filler in recycled polypropylene (RPP) matrix composites by melt mixing in 1:1 weight ratio. The composites were tested for their flexural properties, impact behaviour, dynamic mechanical properties and fracture surface analysis. Increase in flexural strength, modulus and impact strength was observed in the coated FA/RPP composites. 1wt % PA coated FA/RPP composites showed great increase in flexural strength. In 1 wt% SA treated FA/RPP (RFASA1) composites highest shift in glass transition to a higher temperature were found. Fracture surface analysis revealed efficient filler matrix interactions in the SA and PA treated FA/RPP composites. Thus, green, renewable, inexpensive chemicals like stearic and palmitic acid was found to be an effective coupling agent in FA/RPP composites.
Authors: Ai Qin Zhang, Yan Min Wang, Chuan Yi Zhuang
Abstract: In this paper, improved adhesion of between asphalt and granite and the performance of high temperature and water stability of granite asphalt mixture by the coupling agent were discussed. The results show that the titanate coupling agent and silane coupling agent doped in asphalt can significantly improve the rutting resistance and water stability of the granite asphalt mixture.
Authors: Xiao Hei Liu, Zhi Dong Xia, Meng Ke Zhao, Hu Zhou, Ying Li, Guang Chen Xu, Fu Guo
Abstract: One of the main hurdles for the wide use of current Ag-filled conductive composites is the high cost of Ag fillers, while the challenge for low cost copper-filled composites is their poor reliability. In this study, the Ag-coated Cu flakes was chosen as conductive fillers and a surface modification with coupling agent, to achieve good bonding between the flakes and the Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix, was applied to improve the mechanical and conductive properties of the PDMS based composites. The resulting composites obtained through modification showed an increase in hardness by 13.1% and tensile strength by 28.4% relative to the composites without coupling agent. In addition, the reliability of conducting composites was discussed and the results showed that the coupling agent played a great role in preventing the corrosion of the exposed Cu during aging. The volume resistivity of the composites, filled with untreated Ag-coated Cu flakes, increased from 0.0039Ω·cm to 0.0059Ω·cm under aging at 85°C and 85% room humidity (RH) in a temperature/humidity chamber for 48 h, in contrary, the volume resistivity shift of the composites with treated flakes was almost negligible, just changed from 0.0043Ω·cm to 0.0045Ω·cm. More importantly, the prepared conductive silicone rubber filled with Ag-coated Cu flakes with the resistivity (0.004Ω·cm) comparable to the relative commercial products can be used for electro-magnetic interference (EMI).
Authors: Wei Qiang Chen, De Qun Peng, Wei Qin
Abstract: To improve the overall performance of the domestic high-modulus carbon fiber/cyanate composites, a macromolecular coupling agent (SCC) based on the raw material styrene, methyl acrylate and γ-methyl (acryloyl) trimethoxysilane was synthesized. It also studies the effect of coupling agent content on the mechanical properties of composites. The results show that the dosage of macromolecular coupling agent with 3%, the performance of the composite materials has been notable improved, its bend strength and interlaminar shear strength are 1100Mpa and 63.5Mpa, which has been raised 6.0% and 16.1%, respectively. SEM micrographs show that the addition of a coupling agent effectively improve the interface compatibility between the resin and fibers in composite.
Authors: De Liang Jin, Zhi Xiong Huang, Yong Zhou
Abstract: This text have studied the effect of electrical properties of sheet molding compound (SMC), by adding different amount of Aluminum hydroxide powder which was modified by titanate coupling agent. By testing oil absorption value, we can obtain the optimum dosage of coupling agent. The results showed that oil absorption value of the powder can reach minimum when the dosage of coupling agent was 2% .After the modification of aluminum hydroxide powder, the biggest amount of filled powder will increase and the volume resistivity can improve approximately 30%. When the same amount of Aluminum hydroxide powder was added, dielectric constant and dielectric loss of the modified products is less than that of unmodified.
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