Papers by Keyword: Crack Propagation

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Authors: Keisuke Tanaka, Takashi Fujii, Kazunari Fujiyama
Abstract: Crack propagation tests of lead-free solder were conducted at room temperature in air using center-notched plates under load-controlled conditions with three waveforms: triangular pp waveform having fast loading and unloading rates, cp-h waveform having a hold time under tension, and cc-h waveform having a hold time under tension and compression. The J integral was evaluated from load-displacement curves. For fatigue loading of pp waveform, the crack propagation rate was expressed as a power function of the fatigue J-integral range. The creep component due to the hold time greatly accelerated the crack propagation rate. The creep crack propagation rate was found to be a power function of the creep J integral range for each case of cp-h and cc-h waveforms. The creep crack propagation rate for cp-h waveform was higher than that for cc-h waveform. Displacement-controlled tests were also performed under four triangular strain waveforms: pp, cp, cc and pc. For the case of pp waveform, the crack propagation rate was also expressed as the same power function of the fatigue J integral range as in the case of load-controlled tests. The creep crack propagation rate was expressed as a power function of the creep J integral range for each case of cp, pc and cc waveforms. Microscopic observations were conducted to clarify micromechanisms of creep-fatigue crack propagation.
Authors: Ke Li, Ying Yi Wang, Xing Chun Huang
Abstract: Structural plane is different from common crack, as it is often under pressure and has non-linear normal and tangential deformation behavior. This paper simulates the propagation of non-linear deformation structural plane by 3D displacement discontinuity method (DDM). Through least square regression of the elements near the tip, the stress intensity factor (SIF) of the tip is obtained. Maximum energy release rate criterion is adopted to be the fracture criterion in this paper, assuming the propagation occurred in the normal plane of the front edge, KI is modified to consider the effect of mode Ⅲ crack. The structural plane model is considered as a hyperbolic non-linear model, the Barton-Bandis model is adopted as the normal deformation model, the Kulhaway model is adopted as the tangential deformation model, and the Mohr-Coulomb criterion is adopted as the shear strength criterion. The result shows that the propagation direction is along the direction of the load, DDM could efficiently trace this process.
Authors: Yue Feng Yang, Chun An Tang, Zheng Zhao Liang, Zhi Yi Liao
Abstract: Based on dynamic contact force and FEM, the contact – separation process of collision was investigated. Compared with other methods, the dynamic contact method needn’t modify the general stiffness matrix, and increase any additional iterative computation. So there should be less computation and high efficiency. By building simulation model LECEI(the technique of loading edge cracks by edge impact), the propagation of branching cracks were simulated. Compared with existing research results, the method can be suitable to the impact model such as LECEI.
Authors: Kai Qi, Wei Xiong Wang, Xin Hua Wang, Ai Hua Jiang, Bai Qing Liu
Abstract: The fatigue life of crane steel structure will inevitably decrease in the course of work, which directly affects the work of crane. So the correct fatigue life evaluation is necessary. Based on crack propagation theory, a framework of assessing remaining fatigue life of crane metal structures is built in this paper. Moreover, in order to descript the analysis process, an example about fatigue life estimation of a shipbuilding gantry crane whose maximum hoist 100 ton was shown. During assessment of remaining fatigue life of aged crane structure, some important indexes were inspected such as corrosion,strength and defection in focused weld joints, besides of finite element simulation of structure. The results can also be used to evaluate the whole metal structure of this crane.
Authors: Lin Qing Pei, Cheng Lu, Kiet Tieu, Hong Tao Zhu, Xing Zhao, Kui Yu Cheng, Liang Zhang
Abstract: A large-scale molecular dynamics simulation was used to investigate the propagation of cracks in three dimensional samples of nanocrystalline copper, with average grain sizes ranging from 5.34 to 14.8 nm and temperatures ranging from 1K to 500 K. It was shown that intragranular fracture can proceed inside the grain at low temperature, and plastic deformation around the tip of the crack is accommodated by dislocation nucleation/emission; indeed, both fully extended dislocation and deformation twinning were visible around the tip of the crack during fracture. In addition, due to a higher concentration of stress in front of the crack at a relative lower temperature, it was found that twinning deformation is easier to nucleate from the tip of the crack. These results also showed that the decreasing grain size below a critical value exhibits a reverse Hall-Petch relationship due to the enhancing grain boundary mediation, and high temperature is better for propagating ductile cracks.
Authors: Khalil Farhangdoost, E. Pooladi B.
Abstract: Fatigue damage plays a significant role in fatigue life of structures and mechanical parts. Characterizing crack length as a random process in fatigue life, is a matter of controversy which is the first step of this new stochastic model for prediction of fatigue crack propagation. Minimum uncertainties and capability of using closure load are the model advantages. Generating series of a nonstationary process, effects of load history in immediate last step of crack propagation using Total Probability Theory (TPT) are some assumptions of this model. The model results have been compared with actual test results of Ti-6Al-4V CT specimens.
Authors: Xu Dong Li, Hang Lv, Wen Xiu Wang
Abstract: The present thesis made a research to evaluate fatigue crack growth rate subjecting to corrosion and cyclic fatigue loading, with the effect of load frequency on fatigue taken into account. A modified Paris’ law based model is proposed. An exponential modified expression of proportional parameter account for fatigue frequency is proposed based on the obvious fact that low frequency loading will lead to long fatigue life, thus prolong interaction time between corrosion media and specimen which will favor for crack propagation. Loading frequency higher enough will shorten that time, thus influence of corrosion will be significantly weaken, close to pure mechanical fatigue. Crack growth rate prediction from proposed formula is proved to be in good agreement with experimental results for steadily extended corrosion fatigue crack.
Authors: Rainer Falkenberg
Abstract: The fracture mechanics assessment of materials exposed to harmful environments requires the understanding of the interaction between the soluted species and the affected mechanical behaviour. With the introduction of a mass transport mechanism the entire problem is subjected to a time frame that dictates the time-dependent action of soluted species on mechanical properties. A numerical framework within the phase field approach is presented with an embrittlement-based coupling mechanism showing the influence on crack patterns and fracture toughness. Within the phase field approach the modeling of sharp crack discontinuities is replaced by a diffusive crack model facilitating crack initiation and complex crack topologies such as curvilinear crack patterns, without the requirement of a predefined crack path. The isotropic hardening of the elasto-plastic deformation model and the local fracture criterion are affected by the species concentration. This allows for embrittlement and leads to accelerated crack propagation. An extended mass transport equation for hydrogen embrittlement, accounting for mechanical stresses and deformations, is implemented. For stabilisation purposes a staggered scheme is applied to solve the system of partial differential equations. The simulation of showcases demonstrates crack initiation and crack propagation aiming for the determination of stress-intensity factors and crack-resistance curves.
Authors: Yuan Gao, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, A. Kiet Tieu
Abstract: In this paper, molecular dynamics method has been employed to model mode I crack propagation in body center cubic (BCC) single iron crystal. To maximize the simulation efficiency the parallel computing was performed. Six cases with different lattice orientations have been simulated to investigate the crack propagation behaviors at atomic level. The strain distributions have been calculated to indicate the density of dislocation. It has been found that the lattice orientation significantly affects the propagation behaviors. The crack in BCC iron propagates more readily along the direction <111> on the plane {1-10}.
Authors: Byeong Choon Goo, Sung Yong Yang, Dong Young Lee
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