Papers by Keyword: Crystal Structure

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Authors: Xian Qi Wei, Yong Jie Wang, Ming Yang Zhang, Zhong Zhang
Abstract: ZnO thin films are grown on sapphire substrate by employing a Nd:YAG (1064nm) laser ablation in 1.3 Pa oxygen ambient. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) observation show that as-grown thin film possess (0002) textured feature and form columnar inclined grains with a small size. The as-grown films show a little oxygen vacancies and Zn interstitial by the analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman. The annealing treatment in oxygen ambient causes obvious improvement on the structure, surface morphology, compositions and optical properties by the analysis of XRD, AFM, XPS, Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. It can be concluded that the increase of UV emission is oriented to the improvement of structure and decrease of intrinsic defects. The blue emission (430 nm) is attributed to the electronic transition from shallow donor level of Zn interstitial to top level of valence band.
Authors: Run Fu Li, Hua Li, Hui Ying Chen, Jian Xin Xia, Chun Lin Long
Abstract: Monodisperse nickel phosphide (Ni5P4) nanoparticles supported on carbon (Ni5P4@C) were in situ synthesized by one step solution-phase route, in which the mixture of trioctyloxide (TOPO) and trioctylphosphine (TOP) was used as solvent, capping agent and phosphor source. Ni5P4nanocrystals were in situ coupled by active carbon simply adding the carbon to the reaction solution. The as-prepared Pt-free Ni5P4 nanocrystals exhibit the enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) compared to pure commercial Ni nanoparticles. Therefore, the obtained Ni5P4@C nanocatalyst appears to be promising non precious metal electrocatalysts for HOR.
Authors: Xia Wang, Ming Qing Xing
Abstract: Large single crystal of Na2Ni (SO4)2.4H2O (NNSH) was grown for the first time using method of isothermal decrease of supersaturation. The crystal structure of NNSH is determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method, which is far different from the structure of known nickel sulfate hexahydrate series compounds. The growth habit, optical transmission spectrum and thermal stability are first reported in this paper. Similar optical transmission spectrum with nickel sulfate hexahydrate (NSH) crystal shows that NNSH crystal can also been used as ultraviolet light filter (ULF). The dehydration temperature (tdh) is 132º, which is much higher than commercial available ultraviolet filters, this is correlate with the unique crystal structure of NNSH crystal.
Authors: Jian Qiang Li, Wei Pan, Rui Gang Wang, Jian Chen
Authors: Guo Hui Zhang, Jian Jun Chen, Yun Long Deng, Yun Hui Sun, Du Xia Cao
Abstract: A pyridinium dye with N-butyl-carbazole as an electron donor group and pyridinium cation as electron acceptor group has been synthesized. The crystal structure and photophysical properties of the dye in different solvents are researched. The interaction between the dye and DNA is also researched. The results reveal that the dye can be used as a DNA probe.
Authors: Y. Kabalov, E. Sokolova, V. Gorbatova, J. Schneider, A. Konev
Authors: Hui Bai, Hong Gao, Ming Hu
Abstract: The coordination polymer, namely, [Cd (L)2(phen)]n (1) (HL=2,4-dinitro-benzoic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline) has been hydrothermally synthesized. Compound 1 was structurally characterized by IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffractions. The carboxylate groups of L- adopt the bridging monodentate and bidentate modes to link two Cd2+ ions, resulting in a 1-D zigzag chain structure. The solid state photoluminescent property of 1 has been investigated at room temperature.
Authors: Jian Rong Xiao, Ai Hua Jiang
Abstract: Copper nitride films were prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering on glass sheets at different deposition conditions. The surface morphology of the films was evaluated by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM images demonstrate that the films have a compact structure. The structure of the films was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). We focused on the influence of preparation parameters on the adhesion and electrical properties of the films. The metallurgical microscope results indicate that the adhesion of the films enhances with increasing deposition power. The current-voltage (I-V) measurement results show that the resistivity of the films increases with the increasing lattice constants.
Authors: Ling Xiao, Yan Hua Sun, Chun Hua Ding, Chao Zhu, Lie Yu
Abstract: Two-phase thin solid films consisted of Au nanoparticles imbedded in an amorphous matrix were prepared via a series of galvanic replacement reactions between chloroauric acid solution and reducing metals. The Au nanoparticles were in situ crystallized from the amorphous films rather than precipitated from solution directly. Amorphous films with partly crystallized Au nanoparticles only existed stably in dilute chloroauric acid solution. The higher concentration of chloroauric acid evidently promoted the strain-induced crystallization process and accelerated the crystallization of amorphous films into Au nanoparticles with many stacking faults, twins and dislocations. The coexistence of amorphous and crystalline Au nanoparticles makes it possible to synthesize two-phase nanostructured films.
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