Papers by Keyword: Cyclic Behavior

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Authors: Yu Jie Liu, Bin Qiang
Abstract: Based on the obtained experimental results, the features of stress-strain behavior of the metallic foam were discussed firstly in this paper. Then, in the framework of 2M1C visco-plasticity constitutive model, a cyclic constitutive model was proposed to simulate the stress-strain responses under monotonic and cyclic compression. In proposed model, plastic strain is divided into two parts, i.e., plastic strain of matrix metal and plastic strain of voids structure, which are associated with relative density. Additionally, a kinematic hardening rule of yield surface center is used to describe ratchetting effect during cyclic loading. The simulated stress-strain responses of aluminum foam are in a good agreement with the experimental ones.
Authors: Jia Guo, Ke Gui Xin, Wei Ping Wu, Ming Hua He
Abstract: A self-centring bridge pier is a combination of elastic recovery devices and internal or external energy dissipaters. During the cyclic loading test, it is proved that the self-centring system can minimize the residual drift of the pier whereas holding sufficient energy dissipate capacity as well as bearing capacity. It is worth noting that a simplified analytical model is proposed based on the experimental response regarding flexural deformation, unbounded length of mild steels and strain penetration. Comparison between the analytical model and test results has indicated that a reasonable envelope of the cyclic behavior of the system can be achieved by the model presented.
Authors: Vera Wirths, Rainer Wagener, Wolfgang Bleck, Tobias Melz
Abstract: Light-weight design is one of the main drivers for material development in the automotive industry. For optimum weight reduction new materials and their fatigue behavior under real cyclic service loads have to be taken into account (Gassner test). Currently the casted components made from Austempered Ductile Iron (ADI) show better service fatigue life for variable load cases than some traditional forging steels because of it’s inherent retained austenite. The traditional forging steels are the precipitation hardening ferritic-pearlitic steels (PHFP steel) and the martensitic quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels. The next steel generation for forged components in the drive train might be bainitic steels with an optimized microstructure with respect to cyclic behavior. Depending on the chemical composition and the heat treatment it includes a ferritic primary phase and a secondary phase, which consists of either carbides, martensite, retained austenite or M/A constituents. By alloying of more than 1% Si the formation of cementite will be suppressed and a carbide free bainite (CFB) will be formed. The secondary phase of this CFB contains retained austenite, which has the possibility to close crack tips by local compression stresses due to the transformation to martensite. As a result of this CFB exhibits better cyclic properties than the commonly used forging steels. The materials and process design as well as results of the fatigue behavior will be presented.
Authors: Grégory Flegeau, Lakhdar Taleb, Annie Hauet, Christophe Vassal
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the cyclic behavior and the fatigue life of an industrial α/β brass through mechanical tests and microstructural observations. The main obtained results are about the cyclic behavior of the alloy and the characterisation of fatigue life in connection with the evolution of the microstructure. Cyclic tensile test shows a great and rapid evolution of the isotropic hardenig during cycling.
Authors: Yoshinobu Shimamura, Kyohei Kageyama, Keiichiro Tohgo, Tomoyuki Fujii
Abstract: Carbon nanofiber (CNF) has good electrical conductivity. Addition of a few percentages of carbon nanofiber to polymer yields electrical conductivity but hardly affects the mechanical properties of polymer. This conductive polymer may be useful for sensing applications such as strain sensors and chem-resist sensors. Many researchers have reported on the electrical conductivity, but the electrical resistance change under strain of the carbon nanofiller composites is not fully investigated. In this study, the electrical resistance change under strain of CNF/flexible-epoxy composites was investigated experimentally. More than 100% of quasi-static strain can be measured by using CNF/flexible-epoxy composite with Young’s modulus of less than 1MPa. Cyclic and unloading behaviors were also measured and discussed. It was found that the cyclic behavior was strongly affected by viscoelasticity and damage.
Authors: E. Gonia-Péron, J.L. Besson, P. Pilvin, C. Peytour-Chansac
Authors: Ali Vahidyeganeh, Gorkem Simsek, Saher Jabeen, Ozkan Bebek, Guney Guven Yapici
Abstract: Shape memory alloys with their phase transformation properties; have been broadly implemented in smart structures. In this study, a functional design is presented where two wires actuate antagonistically to achieve motion in bending. Effect of heat treatment parameters on the actuator materials is investigated. For this purpose, a novel experimental test bench appropriate for characterizing a smart joint is presented, and joint performance including actuation force and cyclic behavior are demonstrated. Accordingly, a smart joint configuration capable of 60 degrees bending with a repeatability of 50 cycles is developed.
Authors: Qing Xiang Wang, Shi Run Liu
Abstract: The test results of six connections under cyclic loading are presented in the paper. Each test specimen was properly designed to model the interior joint of a moment resisting frame, and was identically comprised of three parts that including the circular concrete filled steel tube columns, the reinforced concrete beams, and the short fabricated connection stubs. Energy dissipation was designed to occur in the beams during a severe earthquake. Steel bars which were embedded into concrete core and welded to the connection stubs, were used to transfer the force distributed by the reinforcing bars of concrete beam to the concrete core. The results indicated that the embedded steel bars were very efficient in eliminating the stress concentration on the tube wall and there was no visible deformation occurred on the tube wall until the collapse of the specimen. Furthermore, the connection of each specimen had enough capacity and thus the plastic hinge appeared in the beams. As results, the ductility of this new type structure directly depended on the RC beams.
Authors: Omar Allaoui, Lakhdar Taleb
Abstract: In this work, we will study the cyclic behavior (tension-compression under strain control) and the fatigue of 304L austenitic SS after application of a boriding thermochemical treatment. 304L specimens was borided in a solid medium at 900 °C for 4 hours. The phase analysis of boride layers formed at the surface was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The obtained results show that the layers formed on 304L steel contained the following boride phases FeB, Fe2B, CrB, Cr2B, NiB and Ni2B. The fatigue tests show that the boriding treatment improves the life a factor which may be greater than four. The borided specimens show a negative average stress during cycling which may explain the increase of fatigue life. Analysis of the fracture surface by SEM show that crack initiation takes place in the substrate rather than in the boron-treated area.
Authors: I. Alvarez-Armas, Suzanne Degallaix
Abstract: The cyclic hardening–softening response, the cyclic stress–strain curve and the substructure evolution of a high nitrogen duplex stainless steel S32750 have been evaluated and the results compared with reference to low and medium nitrogen duplex stainless steels, S32205 and S32900 grades, respectively. The beneficial effects of nitrogen on the cyclic properties of most modern alloys have been analyzed in terms of the flow stress components, i.e. the internal and the effective stress.
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