Papers by Keyword: Cytotoxicity

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Authors: Wen Liang Lu, Hui Zhe Shi, Qun Zhou, Zhi Ping Wang, Sheng Xiong, Yi Fei Wang, Yan Jun Zhang
Abstract: Hepatocarcinoma, a malignant cancer, threaten human life badly. It is a current issue to seek the effective natural remedy from plant to treat cancer due to the resistance of the advanced hepatocarcinoma to chemotherapy. Puerarin (Pue), a major active ingredient in the traditional Chinese medicine Gegen, has a wide range of pharmacological properties and is considered to have anti-hepatocarcinoma effects. However its low oral bioavailability restricts its wide application. In this report, Pue-nanosuspension (Pue-NS) composed of Pue and poloxamer 188 was prepared by high pressure homogenization technique. The in vitro anti-hepatocarcinoma effects of Pue-NS relative to efficacy of bulk Pue were evaluated. The particle size and zeta potential of Pue-NS were 218.5 nm and −18.8 mV, respectively. MTT assay showed that Pue-NS effectively inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells, and the corresponding IC50 values of Pue-NS and bulk Pue were 3.39 and 5.73 μg/ml. These results suggest that the delivery of Pue-NS is a promising approach for treating tumors.
Authors: Zhi Ping Wang, Jun Biao Wu, Qun Zhou, Hua Fan, Yi Fei Wang, Tong Sheng Chen
Abstract: Hepatocarcinoma, a malignant cancer, threaten human life badly. It is a current issue to seek the effective natural remedy from plant to treat cancer due to the resistence of the advanced hepatocarcinoma to chemotherapy. Curcumol (Cur), a novel compound extracted from rhizoma curcumae, exhibits various anticancer activities and can be treat hepatocarcinoma. However, the low solubility hinders development. We evaluate both the in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of Cur-nanosuspension (Cur-N) relative to efficacy of bulk Cur. Cur-N with a particle size of 231.2 ± 7.2 nm and a zeta potential of −27.3 ± 0.6 mV, prepared by the high-pressure homogenization (HPH) technique. CCK-8 assay showed that Cur-N effectively inhibited the proliferation of H22 cells. In vivo studies also showed higher antitumor efficacy against H22 solid tumor bearing mice. These results suggest that the delivery of Cur-N is a promising approach for treating tumors.
Authors: Ho Yeon Song, Young Hee Kim, Jyoti M. Anirban, In Seon Byun, Kyung A Kwak, Byong Taek Lee
Abstract: Calcium phosphate ceramics such as hydroxy apatite (HA), β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and bicalcium phosphate (BCP) have been used as a bone graft biomaterial because of their good biocompatibility and similarity of chemical composition to natural bones. To increase the mechanical and osteoconductive properties, the granules and spongy type porous bone graft substitutes were prepared by fibrous monolithic process and polyurethane foam replica methods, respectively. The pore sizes obtained using these approaches ranged between 100-600 µm. The cytotoxicity, cellular proliferation, differentiation and ECM deposition on the bone graft substitutes were observed by SEM and confocal microscopy. Moreover, the scaffolds were implanted in the rabbit femur. New bone formation and biodegradation of bone graft were observed through follow-up X-ray, micro-CT analysis and histological findings. After several months (2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months) of implantation, new bone formation and ingrowths were observed in defect sites of the animal by CaP ceramics and 2 to 3 times higher bone ingrowths were confirmed than that of the normal trabecular bones in terms of total bone volume (BV).
Authors: Zi Yuan Zhu, Fu Qiang Zhang, You Tao Xie, Yi Kai Chen, Xue Bin Zheng
Abstract: Failure of dental implant is often caused by specific pathogenic bacteria. In this paper, antibacterial HA coating was prepared by vacuum plasma spraying with silver loaded zirconium phosphate containing HA as feedstock. The antibacterial activity against Aa,Fn and Pg was evaluated using a film covering method. MTT colorimetric assay was used to measure cytotoxic effect of the antibacterial HA coatings. Results show that the HA coatings displayed significant antibacterial activity against Aa,Fn, Pg and no cytotoxicity to L929 murine cell lines when the content of silver-loaded zirconium phosphate antimicrobial is between 5wt% to 10wt%. The sensitivity of the bacteria to the antibacterial HA coating is in sequence of Pg >Fn >Aa.
Authors: Yi Kai Chen, Xue Bin Zheng, Ba Oe Li, You Tao Xie, Chuan Xian Ding
Abstract: Biomaterials with good biocompatibility and anti-bacterial property were becoming attractive to researchers, so we used the chemical method to produce anti-bacterial vacuum plasma sprayed titanium coatings and studied In vitro bioactivity, cytotoxicity and blood compatibility of the anti-bacterial coatings in this paper. In order to evaluate the bioactivity of the treated titanium coatings, the coatings were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF). The treated titanium coatings showed good bioactivity in this experiment. Two different methods were used to assess the cytocompatibility of the treated titanium coatings. One was extract test; the other was direct contact test. The results indicated that cells spread and adhered well on the coatings. The blood compatibility of the coatings was evaluated by haemolysis ratios. The hemolysis ratios of the coatings were below 2%, indicating of nonhemolysis for the coatings.
Authors: Deni Noviana, Sri Estuningsih, Devi Paramitha, Mokhammad Fakhrul Ulum, Hendra Hermawan
Abstract: A foreign body is any object originating outside the body. It may migrate from its entry site and cause pain, inflammation and infection. This study aims to examine in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo tissue response at different implantation sites of two iron-based foreign body (FeFB) specimens: pure Fe wire, Cr-coated Fe wire, and SS316L wire as control. In vitro cytotoxicity was assessed towards rat smooth muscle cells with direct method of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. In vivo tissue response was examined using mice animal model until day 14 after surgical implantation in subcutaneous nape area and intramuscular right femoral muscle. Cell viability, surface morphology and Fe ion release were examined. Implant density and tissue response were examined by using radiographic imaging and histology, respectively. Results showed that both FeFB specimens exhibited similar cell viability with SS316L. Iron ion concentration was higher in both FeFB medium compared to that of SS316L and with oxide layer formation on their surface. Radiographic analysis showed that the density of both FeFB implants end-side was increased. Meanwhile, histological tissue response at intramuscular sites for FeFB specimens showed a prominent inflammatory response compared to SS316L. Detailed analysis on cell and tissue-material interactions of the iron-based foreign body specimens is discussed further in this article.
Authors: Siti Mazatul Azwa Bt Saiyed Mohd Nurddin, Malek B. Selamat
Abstract: The objective of the study was to determine the degree of biocompatibility of leucite glass-ceramics that have been produced from local high grade silica sand in terms of cytotoxicity and mutagenicity assays. In the present study, the cyctotoxicity and mutagenicity were studied using the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay (MTT) and Ames Reverse Mutation. In the MTT assay, a dose response cytotoxicity of leucite sample was evaluated in L929 cells. The cells were treated with the concentrations of 6.25, 12.5, 25.0, 50.00, 100.00 and 200.00 mg/ml of the leucite sample for 24 hours. The cytotoxicity was determined by assessing the cell viability through the reduction of tetrazolium salts (MTT). The mutagenenicity of leucite sample was evaluated in S. typhirium TA98. TA100, TA1535, TA1537 and E. coli WP2 in the Ames Reverse Mutation assay. Mutagenic effects were evaluated by comparing the mean number of revertant colonies of each extract concentraction with mean number of revertant colonies of the negative control. In results of MTT assay evaluated that the leucite did not show a cytotoxic effect at all concentrations under the condition of the study. Ames Reverse Mutation assay result proven that the leucite sample did not demonstrate a mutagenic effect under the condition of this study with Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli.
Authors: Yun Cang Li, Cynthia Wong, Jian Yu Xiong, Peter D. Hodgson, Cui E Wen
Abstract: Interest in using titanium (Ti) alloys as load-bearing implant materials has increased due to their high strength to weight ratio, lower elastic modulus, and superior biocompatibility and enhanced corrosion resistance compared to conventional metals such as stainless steel and Co-Cr alloys. In the present study, the in vitro cytotoxicity of five binary titanium alloys, Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb, Ti15Zr, Ti15Sn and Ti15Mo, was assessed using human osteosarcoma cell line, SaOS-2 cells. The Cell proliferation and viability were determined, and cell adhesion and morphology on the surfaces of the binary Ti alloys after cell culture were observed by SEM. Results indicated that the Ti binary alloys of Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb and Ti15Zr exhibited the same level of excellent biocompatibility; Ti15Sn alloy exhibited a moderate biocompatibility while Ti15Mo alloy exhibited a moderate cytotoxicity. The SaOS-2 osteoblast-like cells had flattened and spread across the surfaces of the Ti15Ta, Ti15Nb, Ti15Zr and Ti15Sn groups; however, the cell shapes on the Ti15Mo alloy was shrinking and unhealthy. These results indicated that the Mo contents should be limited to a certain level in the design and development of new Ti alloys for implant material applications.
Authors: Ling Lin, Hui Gai Li, Mei Zhen Wang, Xuan Wang, Shan Yuan Wang
Abstract: This work focuses on cellular toxicity of PET-based hollow fiber containing silver particles (Ag/PET hollow fiber), which was synthesized by different pressure method. Hela cells were used to investigate in vitro cytotoxicity of Ag/PET hollow fiber with the method of Methyl Thiazolyl Tetrazolium (MTT) assay. And the results showed no significant toxicity to Hela cells. And the SEM images of Hela cells treated by Ag/PET hollow fibers showed that cells morphology was unaltered in the present of Ag/PET hollow fiber. However, abnormal size, shrinkage and rounded appearance of cells at higher dose (20mg/ml)suggested slight toxicity of Ag/PET hollow fiber. Combining the antibacterial concentration (37.5μg/ml) in the pre-works, it was found that there was a certain concentration of silver ions which can achieve a minimization of cytotoxicity and a maximization of antibacterial efficacy.
Authors: Yan Mei Chen, Ting Fei Xi, Yu Dong Zheng, Yi Zao Wan
Abstract: The nanocomposite of nano-hydroxyapatite/bacterial cellulose (nHA/BC) obtained by depositing in simulated body fluid (SBF), incorporating their excellent mechanical and biological properties, is expected to have potential applications in bone tissue engineering. However, the biological response evaluation of biomaterials is required to provide useful information to improve their design and application. In this article, the in vitro cytotoxicity of composites nHA/BC as well as its degradation residues was studied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of original materials and their degradation residues. The degree of degradation was evalued by measuring the concentration of reducing sugar (glucose) by ultraviolet spectrophotometer. Bone-forming osteoblasts (OB) and infinite culture cell line L929 fibroblasts were used to measure the cytotocixity of materials with MTT assay. Both kinds of cells in infusion proliferate greatly in a normal form and their relative growth rate (RGR) exceeds by 75%, which shows the cytotoxicity of materials is graded as 0~1, according to the national standard. Nevertheless, bone-forming OB cells, as a kind of target cells, are more susceptive on the cytotoxicity than infinite culture fibroblast cells L929. The results suggest the nanocomposite of nHA/BC without cytotoxicity is greatly promising as a kind of scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering and tissue functional cells are more suited to evaluate the cytotoxicity of biomedical materials.
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