Papers by Keyword: Design

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Authors: Yan Nian Rui, Xiao Mei Jiang, Kai Qiang Liu
Abstract: How to master the technology innovation and method and technique in product exploitation, has been always one of the issues of research and discussion. Based on more than 40 years’ experiences of engagement in mechanical and electrical technology on product research, design, teaching, the author proposed and constructed "OF + N" theoretical method (for short: method of creating inventive and innovative topics) suitable for technological innovation and product development. Some innovative design was implemented using the theoretical method through years of research and probe.
Authors: Cong Ru Liu, Ming Sen Lin, Mi La Yao
Abstract: The pursuit of human being in “upward” architecture goes back to establishment of the gothic church, experiences development of the Chicago School and finally realizes popularization of the international style. Nowadays, the skyscraper has achieved an incredible height, and the techniques of architectural design are diversified just like a hundred flowers in bloom. Nevertheless, the design philosophy of conformity of interior and exterior and unity of form and spirit established by the predecessors at first is still worthy of inheritance.
Authors: George Gherghina, Dragos Tutunea, Alexandru Dima, Dragos Laurentiu Popa
Abstract: The three dimensional design of modern auto vehicle through advanced virtual engineering methods is used from early development processes. From over 10 years automotive manufacturers’ have used 3D-CAD software packages following conventional development strategies of the product. These tools offer the possibility to design components through digital mock-up processes reducing time and errors in production. In this paper we evaluate the evolution of 3D-CAD based development processes based on geometry generation, conceptual design and simulations tools. The DMU method allows importing the 2D sketch in 3D software then creates a virtual model which can be optimized and analyzed.
Authors: David Huson, Stephen Hoskins
Abstract: The Centre for Fine Print Research at the University of the West of England has over five years experience in the 3D printing of ceramic materials. The first project undertaken was to investigate the use of 3D technologies for artists and resulted in the development of a patented ceramic body suitable for use in Z Corporation 3D printers. After bisque firing this material can be further processed using conventional glazing and decorating techniques. A follow on project has resulted in a modified ceramic body and the development of firing supports to enable thin section ceramic tableware to be produced for ceramic industry concept modelling and short run or one-off pieces for artists and designers. This paper will detail the progress of the research and will explain by using case studies and examples of collaboration with a leading UK pottery manufacturer, individual artists and designers how this novel technique can be utilised to form shapes and forms difficult or impossible to realise by conventional forming methods. The potential of how the ability to form ceramic objects with complex internal structures could be beneficial to more specialist ceramics industries will also be explored.
Authors: Zhen Jun Ming, Jia Hao, Yan Yan, Guo Xin Wang
Abstract: Knowledge reuse is of great significance for enterprises which rely mainly on new product development or design. For reusing knowledge, knowledge component is a feasible and efficient method. However, the implementation of knowledge component is still a new field to be researched. In this paper, a B/S-based multi-server framework to support knowledge component implementation was proposed. In the framework, a B/S-based knowledge component operating structure was introduced to make it easier for the product designers or developers to use the knowledge component. In order to reduce the computing time and alleviate the workload of the server-side, a multi-server mode was designed to separate the knowledge component operating process into three tiers (data tier, logic tier and computing tier). To improve the utilization of the limited computational resource, a real-time scheduling scheme was proposed to allocate the application software service to dynamic requests. Testing results proves that this framework is feasible and can help the designers reuse the existing knowledge rapidly. This framework will be significantly helpful to those enterprises interested in unlocking the potential of design knowledge reuse.
Authors: Qiao Ning, Bing Ran Zhou, Yu Xiao Zhou
Abstract: With the introduction of the concept and practice of TOD in Urban planning and design, the concept and practice of urban street design also has a new development. This paper focuses on the theory, principle and technique of urban street design based on the TOD mode, including the design of street networks, the introduction of transport calming and the design of urban street form.
Authors: Ping Wu
Abstract: This article firstly compared the domestic and foreign design status of LED lamps, and then pointed out the necessity and significance of developing new-type LED domestic lamps in China. After that it briefly analyzed the rational factors that would affect LED lamp design and illustrated the design ideas of new-type LED domestic lamps with selected cases.
Authors: Chao Wang, Zhong Hai Yin, Xue Jun Chen
Abstract: In the field of architecture, “energy-saving building” has been mentioned as a strategy which is as important as the ones of our population, resources, environment and sustainable development. The design of the building wall materials in the building envelope is the key step of the wall insulation, which can be taken as the key technology in building energy efficiency. Tests, starting from the thermal characteristics of the building envelope and the raw materials, taking heat transfer coefficient as an important parameter, show that the polystyrene particulate composite silicate thermal insulation material can be designed to meet energy-saving requirements.
Authors: Liang Chi Zhang, E.C.S. Kiat, Alokesh Pramanik
Abstract: To produce lifelong, harmless hip joint prostheses, considerable cross-disciplinary studies have been carried out. The research includes adaptability and sustainability of artificial materials to human body, selection of materials, precision fabrication and efficient replacement operation. This paper provides a brief review of some of these key aspects with some details in abrasive polishing.
Authors: Shu Ting Li
Abstract: A new silk-hat type of harmonic drive device (HDD) with arc flexspline (FS) structure is developed. Loaded gear contact analysis (LGCA) and stress calculations are made for it with three-dimensional, finite element method (3D-FEM). Basic performances and strengths tests are also made. It is found that the new structure almost has the same performances and strength as the old one.
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