Papers by Keyword: Diffusion Coefficient

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Authors: Hong Liang Zheng, Lin Li, Xin Xin Yuan, Xue Lei Tian
Abstract: This paper presents the relationship between the carbon atom diffusion coefficient in the austenite and the temperature during the nodular cast iron solidification under different cooling rates or with different carbon contents. Pouring the wedge-shaped casting explores the influence of cooling rate on the diffusion coefficient. The other part explores the change of the diffusion coefficient with different carbon contents by water quenching to save the organization in the solidification. Results show that both the cooling rate and the carbon content can affect the diffusion coefficient, and it decreases as the cooling rate increases. More attempts were also done to correlate the diffusion coefficient with the temperature in different carbon content. It has been found that the diffusion coefficient decreases as the temperature increase.
Authors: Luckman Muhmood, Nurini N. Viswanathan, Seshadri Seetharaman
Abstract: The Diffusion coefficient of sulfur in a ternary slag with composition of 51.5% CaO- 9.6% SiO2- 38.9% Al2O3 was measured at 1723 K by chemical diffusion from the variation of concentration of sulfur in silver metal. A MATLAB program was developed to find the concentration variation of sulfur in silver metal using various critical parameters like the diffusion coefficient of sulfur in slag available in literature, sulfur partition ratio, sulfide capacity of the slag and the its density. The PS2 and PO2 pressures were calculated from the Gibbs energy of the equilibrium reaction between CaO in the slag and solid CaS and confirming the same by using ThermoCalc. The density of the slag at 1723 K was obtained from earlier experiments. Initially the order of magnitude for the diffusion coefficient was taken from the works of Saito and Kawai but later was modified so that the concentration changes of Sulfur obtained from the program agreed with the experimental results. The diffusion coefficient of sulfur in 51.5% CaO- 9.6% SiO2- 38.9% Al2O3 slag at 1723 K was estimated as 4.14x10-6 cm2/sec.
Authors: Jian Ye Mou, Ke Xiang Zheng, Hua Jian Chen, Han Zhang
Abstract: In acid fracturing, the fast acid-rock reaction limits live acid penetration distance. Many kinds of acids were developed to reduce the acid-rock reaction rate. Acid effective consumption time in the fracure is a key factor for accurate prediction of live acid penetraiton distance in acid fracturing designs. In this paper, we developed a new method for measuring acid effective consumption time in the fracture and did experimental result matching to obtain effective acid diffusion coefficient with a acid flow-reaction model. Firstly, we designed a apparatus and corresponding experimental procedure. Then used the new method to measure the effective consumption time for gel acid and crosslinked acid. The new method uses reservoir core samples and is convenient to heat all the fluid as well as pipe lines to the reservoir tempeature, which reflects in-situ conditions more reliably. In the experiment, the rock mass loss with time was measured, based on which the acid consumption time is predicted. Under the experiment conditoins, the gel acid has a effecive consumption time about 17-minute, and the crosslinked acid has about 22-minutes at 130°. Finally, a model of acid flow-reaction in a fracture was used to match experimental results to obtained the acid diffution coeffecient. The results from this study help improve accuracy in acid fracturing designs.
Authors: Bo Su, Yong Chen Song, Yu Liu, Yue Chao Zhao, Min Hao, Xin Huan Zhou, Jun Lin Chen
Abstract: CO2 injection into oil reservoirs can both enhance oil recovery and realize CO2 geological sequestration. The gas diffusion coefficient of CO2 in oil and water is a very important factor for EOR. This paper developed a simple experimental technique for measuring the CO2 diffusion coefficient in heavy oil. In this paper, we find the relationship between initial pressure and diffusion coefficient and equilibrium pressure at the same temperature.
Authors: Stanislav I. Soloviev, Ying Gao, Yuri I. Khlebnikov, I.I. Khlebnikov, Tangali S. Sudarshan
Authors: Hai Bin Li, Qing Xue Huang, Jian Mei Wang, Qin Ma
Abstract: In this paper, the diffusion quantity of different temperatures and unit time have been investigated basing on experimental results and theoretical analysis. The diffusing parameters of molten tin in the reaction process is investigated according to diffusing formula. The results within the range of 260~350°C indicates that the diffusing activation energy is increased with the time until the reaction ceases and it is decreased with the increasing of the temperature and substrate vacancy, but the average diffusing constant of tin increased with the temperature.
Authors: Sun Young Yun, Sang Heon Shin, Han Seung Lee
Abstract: When the RC structure degraded in sea environment, chloride ion is one of the most important factors of degradation. Therefore, the purpose of this analytical study is measuring diffusion coefficient of patching repair material and the structure which repaired with patching repair material by RCPT. Also with this experimental result, Finite Element Method (FEM) is used for determining service year of building and concentration of chloride ion in the structure material. As the result of RCPT, diffusion coefficient of patching repair material is 0.44×10-8cm2/sec, which is 18.7% of concrete (3.18×10-8cm2/sec). Meanwhile, as the result of FEM, patching repair material is effective for prevent chloride ion. When service year of normal concrete structure is 16years, on the other hand, the structure recovered 10mm of patching repair material will take 49 years to its service year. Furthermore, the result derived from equation given from JSCE predicts service year of the structure is little bit less than FEM.
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