Papers by Keyword: Displacement

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Authors: Adrian Ioan Niculescu
Abstract: The paper presents a complex quarter car model obtained with ADAMS software, View module, useful in the first stage of suspension dimensioning and optimization.The model is equipped with compression and rebound stopper buffer and suspension trim corrector.The proposed quarter car model with two degrees of freedom (wheel and body) performs all these goals allowing changing:Geometrical elementsPosition of equilibrium, depending on vehicle load;Trim correction;Elastic and dissipative characteristics of the suspension and tire;Suspension stroke;Road profile, assessed either by simple or summation of harmonic functions or reproducing real roadsBuffers (for stroke limitation) position and characteristics;The models developed provide information on:Vertical stability assessed by vertical movements of the body and the longitudinal and transversal stability evaluated based on adherence characterized by wheel ground contact force and frequency of soil detachment wheel.Comfort assessed on the basis of body vertical acceleration and collision forces to the stroke ends.The body-road clearanceThe trim corrector efficiencyAll above performances evaluated function the road unevenness, acceleration, deceleration, turning regime.The damping characteristic is defined by damping forces at different speed for each strokes respectively one for rebound and other for compression.The contact force road-wheel is defined based tire rigidity law.The stopper buffer forces on rebound and compression are defined based each specific rigidity characteristics.The road excitation is realized with a function generator.The software allow the model evolution visualisation in real time, also generating the diagrams of displacements, forces, accelerations, speeds, for each elements or for relative evolution between diverse elements.The simulation was realized for unloaded and fully loaded car using a road generated by a sum of harmonic functions presented in equation (8).The excitation covers the specific frequencies area, being under the body frequencies up to the wheel proper frequencies.The realized ¼ car model, have reached the goal to evaluate the suspension trim correction advantages.The simulations confirm the trim corrector increases the suspension performances, thus for the analyzed case the trim corrector increase simultaneous:Body-ground clearance (evaluated by body higher increasing) between 18.5÷55.1 %Body stability (evaluated by maximal body displacement) between 9.8÷11.4 %Body comfort (evaluated by maximal body acceleration) between 3.4÷35.5 %Adherence (evaluated by maximal and RMS wheel-groundcontact force variation) between 7.0÷12.1 %Body and axles protection (evaluated by buffer strike force) between 10.8÷38.2 %
Authors: Wei Shen Zhu, Jian Hua Liu, Shu Cai Li
Abstract: A brief description is given to the visco-plastic constitutive model of 3-D FLAC software and some treating methods for the numerical analysis. The excavation steps and the exerting time of excavation loads are determined in the light of the real construction process. The rockmass mechanical parameters are determined according to back analysis of in-situ measured displacement data. The analysis results of displacement and stability of the opening complex surrounding rocks in the construction process and in a long period of time after excavation completion are given.
Authors: Han Feng Cui, Hao Fan, Yan Lin
Abstract: A sensitive electrochemical aptasensor for detection of thrombin based on target protein-induced strand displacement is presented. For this proposed aptasensor, dsDNA which is from immobilized probe DNA (IP) which has a hybridized with aptamer(Apt) initially was immobilized on the Au electrode through thiol group of IP,while a DNA labeled with PdS nanoparticles was used as a detection probe (DP-PdS). When Au electrode immersed into solution which contain target protein and DP-PdS, the aptamer preferred to form G-quarter structure with the present target protein and dsDNA was released into immobilized probe DNA (IP) which could be hybridized with DP-PdS. After dissolving PdS from electrode, a mercury-film electrode was used for electrochemical detection of these Pd2+ ions which offered excellent electrochemical signal transduction. Detection of thrombin was specific without being affected by the coexistence of other proteins such as BSA and lysozyme, and as low as 2.3×10-11 mol/L of thrombin was detected.
Authors: Zhe Guo, Yang Bai, Lin Yi, Ji Feng Guo, Jian Wang
Abstract: Spherical ultrasonic motor (SUSM) is utilized primarily in the assembly sectors, precision machining and active tracking devices. The controllability and accuracy of the SUSM are much concerned in those practical uses. So the sensors which measure the motion of the stator are usually used to build up a closed loop control system. These sensors can detect the position and speed of the ball stator. However, the traditional contact positional detection device which contains photoelectric encoders has the disadvantages of low measuring precision. A novel contactless method which based on an optical sensor, is introduced in the paper. A further illustration including principles of the method, the model of 2-DOF motion of the spherical ultrasonic motor rotor, a set of experiment test-bed to verify the feasibility of the method are presented in the article. The experiment turns out an expectant result and shows the method feasible and significant for application.
Authors: Cai Qin Cao, Chao Gao, Hua Li
Abstract: Based on the single-phase elastic soil medium control equations and boundary conditions [1], by using the weighted residual method, a semi-analytical theory of elastic foundation three-dimensional static response was established. When the uniformly distributed loads were applied on the elastic half space foundation, the change rules of vertical displacement, lateral displacement, lengthways displacement were analyzed numerically, and compared with the theoretical solution [2]. The result shows that foundation displacements are completely symmetrical or antisymmetrical about x = 0 plane and y = 0 plane. The maximum vertical displacement appears in the center of load range, the maximum lateral and lengthways displacements appear at the edge of load range, and the displacements get smaller far from the loads.
Authors: G.H. Wu, Z.J. Cai, Li Jiang Zeng
Abstract: A two-color heterodyne interferometer based on the movement of the optical diffraction grating is proposed. The method allows us to measure the phase of synthetic wavelength f s directly and with high accuracy to extend the range of unambiguity for interferometric measurements by using two close wavelengths. Our experiment results show that the uncertainty in displacement measurement caused by the uncertainty in f s is 0.20 µm, smaller than the half of a single wavelength we used. The fringe order of a single wavelength can be determined without ambiguity. The uncertainty in displacement measurement can be improved further by using a single wavelength.
Authors: Zhong Chao Zhao, Dong Hui Zhang, Yu Ping Chen
Abstract: In this paper, the operation mechanism of combined air-conditioning system with temperature and humidity decoupled treatment (CACSTHDT) was presented, and the energy saving potential and economics of CACSTHDT were primarily analyzed through compared with a traditional air-conditioning system. The results indicated that CACSTHDT could save up to 28.64% energy consumption in comparison with a traditional air-conditioning system. The operating cost in one summer only was 71.36% of that cost of traditional air-conditioning system.
Authors: Hua Cai, Feng Shuo Li, Xin Li
Abstract: ABAQUS software is adopted. And the three-dimensional finite element models, respectively oblique and vertical reinforcements, are used for the calculation of the prestressed concrete pavement structure. The prestress is imposed on pavement by changing the temperature of reinforcements. Then through the analysis of mechanical behavior of the two kinds of prestressed reinforcement concrete pavements under the standard load. The results show that the oblique reinforcement pavement is flatter and the range of influnence is smaller. These data of the two kinds of pavements are provided for engineering design and construction.
Authors: Jiu Yang Li, Qing Feng
Abstract: First, utilizing finite element program, this study analyzed the displacement of composite wall cladding in uniform distribution load. Second, the verification is carried out through experiment, then providing theoretical basis for calculating the stiffness of the composite wall cladding.
Authors: Rong Hua Ye, Gan Bin Liu, Jun Neng Ye
Abstract: The foundation pit of Fuqing road station is the first one to be excavated in Ningbo urban rail transit project. To ensure the safety of the foundation pit, a detailed monitoring scheme is established according to the engineering geological condition and design scheme of foundation pit. Due to Ningbo city is located in the classical soft clay area, there may occur pre-warning and dangerous condition during the excavation. Therefore, reinforcement of structure and soil is executed from the aspects of designing, construction, supervision and monitoring. At last, the deformation of foundation pit is controlled and the construction safety is ascertained. Furthermore, the information construction is adopted during the excavation and many data are obtained during the process of monitoring, the displacement of diaphragm wall, ground settlement and axial force of the support are analyzed. In addition, the control measures are presented and can provide reference to the future construction of the other stations.
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