Papers by Keyword: Dissimilar Material

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Authors: Zazuli Mohid, M.A. Liman, M.R.A. Rahman, N.H. Rafai, Erween Abdul Rahim
Abstract: Welding parameters are directly influenced by the work material properties. Thermal properties such as thermal conductivity and melting point are very important to estimate the range of power required and the allowable scanning speed. However, when two or more different materials are involved, modifying lasing parameters are not enough to counter the problems such as imbalance melting region and weak adhesion of contact surface. To counter this problem, the characteristics of welding beads formation for both materials need to be clarified. In this study, comparison of welding beads constructed using the same scanning parameters were done to understand the different and similarity of melted region for the both materials. Actual welding of the both materials were done under different offset distance to obtain a balanced melting area and well mixed melting region.
Authors: Ario Sunar Baskoro, Hakam Muzakki, Winarto
Abstract: In the dissimilar materials and dissimilar thin thickness sheets joining, welding current and welding time parameters of resistance spot welding (RSW) effect weld ability. RSW used for joining thin plate less than 1000 μm is called micro-resistance spot welding (μRSW). The objective of this article is to study the effect of welding current and welding time to the joining dissimilar thin thickness materials and the microstructure of a weld joint. The thickness of Al 1100 is 400 μm, and KS 5 Spring Steel is 200 μm. Welding parameters are Cycle Time 0.5, 1, 1.5, Welding Current 1kA and 2 kA, and holding time 10 second. Welding current 1kA, Cycle time of 0.5 produce maximum shear load of 227.4 N and fracture area of 6.644 mm2. Welding current 2 kA, cycle time of 1.5 affect maximum load of 222.7 N and fracture area of 10.559 mm2. Welding parameters lead to the majority fracture on aluminum material. The welding current and cycle time do not significantly affect maximum shear load and fracture area.
Authors: Ku Hafizan, Mohd Afendi, A. Logashanmugam
Abstract: A research study on the fatigue performance of hybrid adhesive joints was carried out to investigate the fatigue performance of adhesive joint and hybrid adhesive joint using dissimilar material. A 3 mm thin plate of aluminium A7075 and stainless steel 304 are used as the adherend material for experimental test and the adhesive used was high performance Araldite epoxy adhesive. Maximum fatigue life was achieved for the hybrid adhesive joint with an optimum overlap length of 59 mm and the adhesive thickness of 0.2 mm. The fatigue damaged occurs on the adherend surface for adhesive joint and adherend crack for hybrid adhesive joint. Results showed an increment of fatigue life with shear stress reduction.
Authors: Hisashi Serizawa, Isao Shibaharar, Sherif Rashed, Hidekazu Murakawa
Abstract: The magnetic pressure seam welding is one of the candidate methods to join thin sheet smart and multifunctional materials. In this research, to examine the mechanism of magnetic pressure welding from a dynamic viewpoint, numerical simulation of the impact was carried out by using a commercial Euler-Lagrange coupling software MSC.Dytran (MSC.Software) as a first step of the computational studies, where the joint between Fe and Al was employed according to the previous experimental researches. From the serial numerical results, it was found that the increase of temperature at the joint interface was not enough to melt Al or Fe in the range of collision velocity and angle studied in this report. Also, it was revealed that the very large mean stress occurred at the interface which could be considered as the pressure at joint interface and Al moved with high velocity along the interface. Moreover, it was found that there were two patterns of plastic strain distribution near the joint interface depending on the collision velocity and collision angle. Finally, it can be concluded that the plastic strain pattern might be related to the success of magnetic pressure seam welding.
Authors: Ion Mitelea, Corneliu Marius Crăciunescu
Abstract: Friction welding is one of the most reliable joining techniques for various materials due to a high reproducibility, lack of ecological treats and a relatively narrow thermomecanical affected zone. It offers multiple applicative opportunities in various fields – from automotive and manufacturing industries as well as for special destinations – leading to incontestable technical and economical advantages. However, the friction welding of materials with compositional and/or structural gradients is a critical problem due to the high probability of cracks occurrence, the formation of intermetallic phases that increase the brittleness and a high gradient for residual stresses. The paper refers to the particularities of graded welds through which the rotational energy will be transformed by friction into heat in the surface layer with a certain structural morphology, as well as in the core with different characteristics. Experiments have been performed in order to assess the process parameters which provide the optimal friction energy for an adequate plastifiation of the materials. Macro and optical micrographic investigations corroborated with electron microscopy and hardness measurements provide information concerning the hardening of the thermomecanically affected zone and the formation of seam as result of expulsion of the carburized layer.
Authors: Ion Mitelea, Corneliu Marius Crăciunescu, R. Gugu
Abstract: Welding of dissimilar materials is frequently accompanied by structural and technological difficulties and not always successful. The knowledge resulting from dissimilar welding experiments can be used to further identify directions and suitable technological parameters for optimal results. This paper report on the difficulties encountered on friction welding of nodular cast irons with low alloyed steels, due in principle to the low deformation capacity and the microstructural differences. It was shown through experiments that low friction times and high axial pressure leads to a significant plastifiation of the cast iron, while the low alloyed steel remains practically undeformed. The early (premature) plastifiation of the cast iron leads to a radial expulsion of the base structure associated with a continuous transport of the graphite nodules in the joint plan. As a result, a new graphite film forms which hinders a metallic contact between the parts and a welded joint. Qualitative and quantitative electron microscopy observations reveal carbon and alloying elements diffusion phenomena on the interface of the dissimilar materials to be joined.
Authors: Makoto Hino, Yutaka Mitooka, Koji Murakami, Teruto Kanadani
Abstract: Laser joining for dissimilar materials between metals plate and polypropylene plate using a newly developed insert sheet was investigated. It was not possible to join the plate of various metals to the nonpolar plastic plate such as the polypropylene directly under the various laser-irradiation conditions. However, the use of insert sheet held between the metal plate and the polypropylene plate made it possible to join each metal plate to polyethylene plate by laser-irradiation. The joining strength increased with the increase in the input energy by laser-irradiation, and the joining strength cloud be improved since the reactivity between each metal and the insert material allows improvement by giving the insert material polarity with such as a-NH2 group, -COOH group.
Authors: Cheng Jin, Xin Gang Li, Li Zhang
Abstract: A moving crack in a laminated structure with free boundary subjected to anti-plane shear loading is investigated in this paper. Using the bonding conditions of the interface between different media, all the quantities in our question have been represented with a single unknown function, and the problem is transformed into a dual integrated equation with the method of Fourier transform. The equation is solved using Schmidt method. Finally the numerical results show the relationships among the dynamic stress intensity factor and crack velocity, the height of different laminated material, shear moduli of different laminated material.
Authors: Zhen Kai Xu, Hui Xia Liu, Pin Li, Xin Hua Song, Kai Wang, Xiao Wang
Abstract: Laser transmission microjoining of two dissimilar materials has become a very significant technique. In this research, a numerical method is developed using finite element technique to determine the condition of joining two dissimilar materials namely Polyethylene terepthalate (PET) and titanium. First the model is used to optimize the laser parameters like laser traveling speed and power to obtain good bonding. A good combination is achieved at the power of 8W and laser traveling speed at 150mm/min.After the verifications, the profile of residual stress of the laser microjoint has been calculated using the developed model. The residual is low near the centerline along the traveling laser beam, and a higher values is away from the centerline at the x-direction shown by the contours on the PET surface. Higher residual von Mises stress near the centerline along the traveling laser beam and the stresses reduce as the distance away from the centerline.
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