Papers by Keyword: Dry Sliding Wear

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Authors: N.G. Siddeshkumar, G.S. Shiva Shankar, S. Basavarajappa
Abstract: An attempt has been made to study the dry sliding wear behaviour of Aluminium based hybrid composites in room temperature.Al 2219 is used as base material with B4C and MoS2 as reinforcements. The hybrid composite were prepared by conventional stir casting technique. The dry sliding wear test were carried out for various parameters like sliding distance, applied load and sliding speed. The Optical Microscope and SEM results showed the presence of B4C and MoS2, which are fairly uniform and randomly dispersed on matrix material.XRD analysis, shown the presence of B4C and MoS2 phases in the prepared composites.The incorporation of reinforcement particles B4C and MoS2 reduces the specific wear rate of composites. The addition of MoS2 as a secondary reinforcement has significant effect on reducing specific wear rate of prepared composites. By using SEM worn surface of hybrid composites were studied.
Authors: Josh Joseph Kuttikat, Lijin Kottayil Raghavan, Sonu Poulo Jose, Anil Payyappalli Mana
Abstract: The objective of the research was to analyze the influence of initial roughness on the wear rate of component samples made of bearing steels. AISI 52100 samples were prepared with three different roughness values by varying the depth of cut and feed rate in milling process. Dry reciprocating wear tests were performed under the same laboratory conditions and at different loads and sliding speeds. A fractional factorial approach with one-third of 33 experimental design without replication was followed here. The overall wear rate was found out by mass loss method. The results were analyzed using contour plots between the factors influencing the wear rate as well as mean coefficient of friction. The results indicated that the wear rate and coefficient of friction was influenced by load, roughness and their interaction.
Authors: Wei Jiu Huang, Miao Yao, Xiao Bin Zhang, Lin Lin Huang
Abstract: The tribological properties of AZ71E and AZ91D magnesium alloys were comparatively investigated at ambient and elevated temperature. The results indicated that the wear rates of both alloys increased with increasing load, whereas the friction coefficients decreased with increasing load. The wear resistance of AZ71E alloy was significantly superior to that of AZ91D at higher loads and elevated temperature. At ambient temperature, abrasive wear is the predominant wear mechanism for AZ71E, whereas the wear mechanism for AZ91D transfers from abrasive wear to delaminative wear. At elevated temperature, the predominant wear mechanism of both alloys changed from mild wear regime to severe wear regime.
Authors: Yue Ying Li, Qi Chao Deng, Ping Shi, Zhen Liang Qiao
Abstract: Two kinds of surface heat treatment (wide-band laser surface quenching and high-frequency induction quenching) had been performed on a ferrous PM cam material for automobile applications. Microstructure, hardness and tribological properties of ferrous PM cam materials were investigated. After laser surface quenching, the sintered cam materials could obtain finer martensite microstructure and higher hardness value, compared to high-frequency induction quenching. Wear tests revealed the superior wear resistance and coefficient of friction of laser surface hardened specimens in comparison with high-frequency induction quenched ones. Laser surface quenching can be a more effective surface heat treatment to improve wear resistance of the sintered cam materials than high-frequency induction quenching. On the lower test loads (such as 50N), the wear mechanism of the surface quenched ferrous PM cam materials is dominated adhesive and abrasive wear, while on the higher test loads (such as 120N and 150N), it is primarily delamination wear and abrasive wear.
Authors: R.K. Gautam, Satish C. Sharma, S.C. Jain, Subrata Ray
Abstract: In-situ composites offer a wide selection of constituent and an opportunity for understanding the mechanisms their mechanical properties so that intelligent decisions may be taken while tailoring a composite for a specific application. Properties of material are basically governed by the constituent phases and their distribution and depend on the composition and processing conditions. In the present investigation tribological properties of hot forged Cu-Cr-SiC and annealed after hot forging system are proposed to be studied by addition of Cr and SiC into the copper matrix. The effect of constituent phases on tribological properties after hot forged and annealed after hot forged has been investigated. It is expected to enhance the understanding of tribological properties in this presented work for the hot forged Cu-Cr-SiC composite system.
Authors: M. Ananda Jothi, S. Ramanathan
Abstract: Titanium and its alloys exhibit a unique combination of physical and corrosion resistance properties which make them ideal materials for space flight engine component such as disks and blades of compressor, marine applications, chemical industries and many bio medical applications. However the use of these materials is limited due to its poor tribological properties. Dry sliding wear tests were performed on Ti-6Al-4V using a pin-on-disc (EN31 steel) configuration. Wear rates were measured with different load and sliding velocity at a constant sliding distance. Microstructures of worn surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS).
Authors: A.K. Mondal, S. Kumar
Abstract: Wear behaviour of AE42 Mg alloy-based composites reinforced with Saffil short fibres (SSF) and SiC particles (SiCp) in various combinations has been investigated in transverse direction, i.e., the plane containing random fibre-orientation was parallel to the steel counter-face. Wear tests are conducted on a pin-on-disc set-up under dry sliding condition having a constant sliding velocity of 0.837 m/s for a constant sliding distance of 2.5 km in the load range of 10-40 N. It is observed that the hybrid composites reinforced with both SSF and SiCp exhibit better wear resistance than the composite reinforced with SSF alone, because SiCp are harder than SSF and remain intact retaining their load bearing capacity even at the highest load employed in the present investigation. The dominant wear mechanism is observed to be abrasion for all the composites. It is accompanied by fracture and pull-out of SSF from the worn surfaces. Wear behaviour of the composites in transverse direction is also compared with wear behaviour in longitudinal direction, i.e., the plane containing random fibre-orientation was perpendicular to the steel counter-face, reported earlier by the same authors. It is observed that the wear resistance of the composites in transverse direction is lower than that in longitudinal direction due to the lower load bearing capacity, the extensive fracture and pull-out of SSF from the worn surfaces.
Authors: G.L. Aswinikumar, V.R. Rajeev, K. Jayaraj, A. Ashok Kumar, Bibin Emmanuvel, Jeswin Jose
Abstract: Present study reports the effect of electromagnetic stirring (EMS) on reciprocating wear characteristics of A390 alloy. The microstructure features showed the refinement of eutectic silicon and reduction in size of primary silicon particles due to the effect of EMS. Hardness of the A390 alloy (100.28 BHN) prepared by EMS was higher than conventional A390 alloy (66.86 BHN). Reciprocating wear tests were carried out at different contact loads (15N to 90N) and speeds (0.2m/s to 1m/s) using pin-on-reciprocating plate tribometer for a constant sliding distance of 500m. As the reciprocating velocity increases from 0.2m/s to 1m/s, the wear loss of both EMS stirred and without stirred A390 alloys were found to decrease gradually up to the critical velocity 0.6m/s. It was noticed that above critical reciprocating velocity 0.6m/s, the wear loss was found to increase abruptly. Also, as the load increases from 15N to 90N, the wear loss of both the alloys were found to increase gradually up to 45N and thereafter abrupt increase in wear loss was noticed up to 90N. This clearly indicates a transition in the mode of wear from mild oxidative to severe metallic wear regime. Wear rate of without stirred A390 alloy in the region 45N to 90N showed predominant increase compared to EMS stirred A390 alloy. This trend suggests that EMS stirred A390 alloy is more coherent and stable under dry sliding wear conditions than without stirred A390 alloy.
Authors: A.K. Mondal, Subodh Kumar, Carsten Blawert, Narendra B. Dahotre
Abstract: A creep resistant Mg alloy MRI 230D was subjected to laser surface treatment using Nd:YAG laser equipped with a fiber optics beam delivery system in argon atmosphere. The laser surface treatment produced a fine dendritic microstructure and this treatment was beneficial for the corrosion and wear resistance of the alloy. Long-term linear polarisation resistance and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy measurements confirmed that the polarisation resistance values of laser treated material were twice as high as that for the untreated material. This improved behaviour was due to the finer and more homogenous microstructure of the laser treated surface. The laser treatment also increased surface hardness two times and reduced the wear rate by 25% due to grain refinement and solid solution strengthening.
Authors: Ahmet Güral, Süleyman Tekeli, Dursun Özyürek, Metin Gürü
Abstract: The effect of repeated quenching heat treatment on microstructure and dry sliding wear behavior of low carbon PM steel was investigated. For this purpose, atomized iron powder was mixed with 0.3 % graphite and 1 % Ni powders. The mixed powders were cold pressed and sintered at 1200°C for 30 min under pure Ar gas atmosphere. Some of the sintered specimens were intercritically annealed at 760°C and quenched in water (single quenching). The other sintered specimens were first fully austenized at 890°C and water quenched. These specimens were then intercritically annealed at 760°C and re-quenched in water. The martensite volume fraction in the double quenched specimens was higher than that of the single quenched specimen. Wear tests were carried out on the single and double quenched specimens under dry sliding wear condition using a pin-on-disk type machine at constant load and speed. The experimental results showed that the wear coefficient effectively decreased in the double quenched specimen.
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