Abstract: The passive earth pressure on the both sides of a sheet pile retaining wall is owing to plasticity bounded, a fact that affects the horizontal loading capacity of the wall. In order to find out a method, that the loading capacity of the wall can be analytically calculated and the mentioned constrain could be token into account, the paper set up a DIMSP model, which consists of mechanics equilibrium principle including two inequalities for the plasticity condition of earth pressure. The deduced solution of the model is capable of calculating the bearing capacity, and possesses the advantages of no additional correction of the cut in depth of the wall. Further more the continuity of earth pressure distribution is ensured by this model, an adjustment of the earth pressure figure is also without difficulty possible. For engineering application some graphics are given, the cut in depth of the wall can be read from them conveniently.

725

Authors: Guang Zhu Zhou, Xu Wei, Chen Yu

Abstract: This paper is mainly to study earth pressure on Gcrw used as a new kind of supporting structures in the excavation of deep foundation pits in soft soil region. On the basis of the simulation of step by step excavation by using big finite element software Abaqus/CAE and considering three-dimension elastoplastic stress state, the characteristics of different earth pressure are systematically discussed upon practical engineering. By comparing simulation results with calculated results based on calculation formula of Rankine Theory, it can be seen that the earth pressure in active zone is different from theoretic active earth pressure and earth pressure at rest while walls and soil in the gridding are regarded as a whole, which is greater than the former and somewhere similar to the latter, the earth pressure in passive zone is bigger than theoretic value of passive earth pressure, it is the tensive force from partition wall that prevent the front wall from overturning. These conclusions will be helpful for design and construction of new retaining wall.

2181

Authors: Tai Hua Yang, Huai Jian He, Xiang Chao Gong

Abstract: According to Moore-Coulomb strength theory, combined with the shear strength reduction method, assumed that the exerted value of the soil’s internal friction Angle and displacement were in nonlinear, and the exerted value of the soil’s cohesion and displacement were in linear, and then put forward a unified, continuous with displacement earth pressure calculation model, and this model could be used to calculate the active and passive earth pressure for cohesive soils and cohesionless soils in any nonlimited state and any movement mode. Through the analysis of the calculation model showed that: (1) The above assumptions were all reasonable from the two perspectives of the theoretical and the measuring; (2) The variation process of earth pressure acted on the retaining wall with displacement, could regard as the process of the soil’s shear strength parameters exerting gradually; (3) Given the physical meanings to the calculated parameters; (4) Analyzed the characteristics of the calculation model, and pointed out that there were calculation errors when the displacement of retaining wall was in (0, x0H) for the Rankine earth pressure theory.

2755

Abstract: Deep foundation pit support technology has widely affected the world, and well mainly talk about its application as a soil nailed wall in the engineering of underground garage foundation pit. Different ways of support were applied in different conditions to design construction examples, and then solutions of foundation pit support constructions were raised. So the engineering designing method has been proved correct and feasible.

969

Authors: Tai Hua Yang, Huai Jian He

Abstract: Assuming the internal friction angle of backfill and the displacement are in nonlinear, to adopt the calculation model that was put forward by the author, combined with the in-room model experiment, to calculate and analyze the passive earth pressure acted on the retaining wall in the model of RBT movement. The analysis results show: the calculated values and the test values can agree with each other very well in the three ways of the distribution of earth pressure along the wall height, the values of the passive total force and its action point position. So it is feasible to use the calculation model to calculate the passive earth pressure in the model of RBT movement. Comparatively, when *n* = 0 the calculated values are the most identical with the test values, when *n* = 0.25 are worse, when *n* = 0.5 are the worst. Those may be relative to the sizes effect of the box of model test and the property of the interface between the soil and the plate at the bottom of model box. In addition, with the value of *n* increasing gradually, the maximum displacement needed to reach Rankine’s passive limit state will be decreased.

1572

Authors: Yan Xu, Zhen Shun Liu, Wen Zhao

Abstract: Subway construction involves a large number of excavation engineering. For the restrictions caused by conditions on the spot,Many foundation pits projects showed some features of clear spatial effects, complex stress characteristics,multiplex affecting factors, it often can not be suit for the applicable conditions of the existed earth pressure theory very well. On the background of BeiLing Station Passageway construction in Shenyang Subway Line No.2, Through counting and analyzing the results of three-dimensional numerical simulation in detail,summing up regulations of Taishan bridge abutment displacement in the horizontal plane. Force act on 4,5foundations fender post present trapezium and parabola distribution with depth respectively. So it is concluded the properties of foundation pit earth pressure, proposing a simple calculating model comparing its results with numerical simulation results to verify the reasonableness of the model. So the problem which is how to calculate the earth pressure under the complexity of obvious spatial effects and a variety of environmental conditions can be solved and reference experiences on the calculation of earth pressure can be provided to similar Follow-up projects

2955

Authors: Fei Song, Jian Min Zhang, Lu Yu Zhang

Abstract: The evaluation of earth pressure is of vital importance for the design of various retaining walls and infrastructures. Experimental studies show that earth pressures are closely related to the mode and amount of wall displacement. In this paper, based on the reveal of the formation mechanism of earth pressures against rigid retaining wall with RTT mode, a new method is proposed to calculate the earth pressure distribution in such conditions. Finally, the effectiveness of the method is confirmed by the experimental results.

200

Authors: Jun Su, Hong Guang Chen

Abstract: According to a highway expansion project, this paper makes field obversations on earth pressrue of double-sided reinforcement retaining walls and studies distribution of it. Test results show earth pressure on the back of double-sided reinforcement retaining walls grows with increase of filling height during construction and the distribution is nonlinear along with height of the wall, the maximum is at the base. Measured values of vertical earth pressure are lower than theoretical ones. And this structure of double-sided reinforcement retaining walls has low requirement on bearing pressure of foundations. The results can be used as a reference for further application in future.

1572

Authors: Wen Sheng Yu, Zhu Long Li, Xiao Ru Xie, Li Yuan Guo

Abstract: To analyze the earth pressure of corrugated steel culvert under high fill embankment, a field test was taken and the change law was got with the filling height increasing, the force state when geotechnical grilles were laid on the top of corrugated steel culvert was compared to that of reinforced concrete slab culvert. Results show that the pressure on the top of corrugated steel culvert is smaller than that on the external in same level when test points are near to culvert, the values of test points above and below geotechnical grilles are close, and the pressure of corrugated steel culvert is smaller than that of reinforced concrete slab culvert when filling height is above 7.3 m. So analysis indicates corrugated steel culvert spreads the upper load better, the geotechnical grille can reduce the pressure effectively through earth pressure redistribution, and the mechanical property of corrugated steel culvert is better than reinforced concrete slab culvert under high fill embankment.

1815

Authors: Fu Lin Li, Fang Le Peng

Abstract: On the basis of the Dynamic Relaxation method, a nonlinear finite element method (FEM) analysis procedure was developed for the geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining wall. The FEM procedure technique incorporated the unified three-component elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model which can consider the rate-dependent behavior of both the backfill soil and the geosynthitic reinforcement. A simulation was performed on a physical model test on geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining wall to validate the presented FEM. Extensive finite-element analyses were carried out to investigate the earth pressure distributions from the back of retaining wall under variable rate loading. It is shown that this FEM can well simulate the rate-dependent behavior and the earth pressure of geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining wall.

266