Papers by Keyword: Effective Stress Intensity Factor

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Authors: Wen Lin Liu, Ri Jie Yang, Zhi Tao Mu, Shu Yan Liu, Da Zhao Yu
Abstract: According to standard test method for fatigue crack growth rates of metallic materials, the crack growth rate of 30NCD16 at three stress ratio (R=0.1, 0.3 and 0.5) were measured. Based on linear elasticity fracture mechanics theory, the fatigue crack growth rate was studied through the nonlinear least squares fitting method. The Paris model parameters at steady growth region and near threshold growth region and NASGRO model parameters were obtained. The effective stress intensity factors versus curves at three stress ratios were determined by crack closure effect. The results show that the Paris equation can preferably describe relations at steady growth region. At this region the model parameter m lies 2.5-4. This result is consistent with the known statistical facts of most metallic materials. NASGRO equation can preferably describe relations from near threshold growth region to high values region. all the test data at three stress ratio was able to correlate and . Crack closure was the major factor in correlating stress ratio and crack growth rate, the degree of crack closure weaken with increasing stress ratio.
Authors: Zainuddin Sajuri, Yukio Miyashita, Yoshiharu Mutoh
Authors: Quan Wen, Qiao Jin, Jing Zhou
Abstract: The great effort for reducing emissions of CO2 to atmosphere will inevitably involve the carry-out process of Carbon Capture and Storage(CCS), a novel plan which intends to capture and store anthropogenic CO2 produced at many existing industrial sources, such as power stations and petrochemical works. In particular, anthropogenic CO2 pipeline transportation from the energy plant to the remote sequestration area(both onshore and offshore) is a fundamental issue regarding the feasibility of applying the CCS technology. CO2 pipelines have been in operation in USA, Europe and North Africa for almost three decades. However, the technical challenges for pipelines transporting CO2 due to the relevant effects of different impurities coming from flue gases, are still needed to get people to take up, especially for China which is focusing on the roll-out of CCS. This paper will address a FE-based method which can assess residual life of a supercritical CO2 transmission pipeline containing an inner defect induced crack. Specifically, a portion of welded round steel pipeline is selected as the object of our analysis and an ANSYS finite element procedure is generated to simulate the stress state of an element volume along the radial direction and hence to calculate the effective stress due to the effects of crack closure. Afterwards, combining the effective stress we get in the above numeric analysis, the Paris equation is modified to build an integral analysis method for the residual life evaluation of CO2 pipeline. Lastly, in order to verify the validity of the proposed method, a pipeline example in a published paper is used as the benchmark model, the full-scale test results of which are compared with those from our method. Based on this, a section of CO2 pipeline, with an initial defect (assumed as a crack source), is analyzed and its residual life is evaluated by using the presented method. The analysis of numerical results indicates that the method presented in this paper can give us a valuable reference to life-evaluation for CO2 pipeline in CCS.
Authors: Luboš Náhlík, Pavel Hutař, Zdeněk Knésl
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to investigate the transverse fatigue cracking of layered structures. To this end a fatigue crack propagation rate for a crack growing perpendicularly through the interfaces between individual layers of the structure is estimated. The suggested procedure takes into account the influence of different material properties of the layers on the stress field around the fatigue crack and the change of the stress singularity exponent in the special case of a crack touching the material interface. The assumptions of linear elastic fracture mechanics and elastic behaviour of the composite are considered. It is shown that the existence of the interfaces can have a negative influence on the residual fatigue life of layered structures.
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