Papers by Keyword: Elemental Mapping

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Authors: Fumio Watari, Atsuro Yokoyama, Hironobu Matsuno, F. Saso, Motohiro Uo, Takao Kawasaki
Authors: Kota Sawada, Hideaki Kushima, Kazuhiro Kimura
Abstract: The precipitation site, main metallic composition and number density of Z phase have been investigated in T91 in order to clarify the influence of Z phase formation on recovery of martensitic structure and creep strength degradation. The Z phase particles were mainly present around prior austenite grain boundaries and/or packet boundaries in the steels crept at 550oC and 600oC. The Z phase particles were found in specimens crept at 550oC to 650oC. There was no indication of Z phase formation up to about 62475.0 h at 500oC and 14106.5 h at 700oC. The Nb content of Z phase observed at 550oC was lower than that at 600oC. The number density of Z phase measured at 550oC was lower that that at 600oC, indicating that the preferential recovery of martensitic lath structure around prior austenite grain boundary is not remarkable at 550oC in contrast with 600oC.
Authors: Kenji Matsuda, Tokimasa Kawabata, Tomoyuki Sakai, Tatsuo Sato, Akihiko Kamio, Susumu Ikeno
Authors: Mohd Noor Mazlee, Shamsul Baharin Jamaludin
Abstract: In the present study, superheating treatment has been applied on A357 reinforced with 0.5 wt.% (Composite 1) and 1.0 wt.% (Composite 2) continuous stainless steel composite. In Composite 1, the microstructure displayed poor bonding between matrix and reinforcement interface. Poor bonding associated with large voids also can be seen in Composite 1. The results also showed that coarser eutectic silicon (Si) particles were less intensified around the matrix-reinforcement interface. From energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) elemental mapping, it was clearly shown that the distribution of eutectic Si particles were less concentrated at poor bonding regions associated with large voids. Meanwhile in Composite 2, the microstructure displayed good bonding combined with more concentrated finer eutectic Si particles around the matrix-reinforcement interface. From EDS elemental mapping, it was clearly showed more concentrated of eutectic Si particles were distributed at the good bonding area. The superheating treatment prior to casting has influenced the microstructure and tends to produce finer, rounded and preferred oriented α-Al dendritic structures.
Authors: Jordan Graham, Savko Malinov, Roy Douglas, Rose Mary Stalker
Abstract: Stainless steels can form a protective oxide layer when exposed to a high temperature oxidising environment, this protective layer forms a diffusion barrier and slows the oxidation of the alloys in harsh environments. This characteristic has made stainless steels one of the most commonly used alloys for high temperature industrial applications. In this work, a systematic testing procedure has been used to investigate the high temperature oxidation of two commonly used grades of stainless steel, 316 and 310. Samples of each alloy have undergone isothermal testing in air at 1050°C, 1150°C and 1250°C for a range of time periods up to 8h. The oxidation kinetics were also investigated using thermo-gravimetric analysis in air at the same temperatures for 8h. The oxide layers formed on the samples were characterised using X-Ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Information derived from oxide layer characterisation was used to explain any differences between the two alloys in terms of oxidation rate and overall alloy performance in the high temperature environment.
Authors: P.O.Å. Persson, Qamar-ul Wahab, L. Hultman, Nils Nordell, Adolf Schöner, K. Rottner, E. Olsson, Margareta K. Linnarsson
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