Papers by Keyword: Ferrite

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Authors: Yuan Yuan Cui, Yun Fei Jia, Fu Zhen Xuan
Abstract: The cyclic deformation behavior of the austenite and ferrite phase in an austenite-ferrite duplex stainless steel was studied by using the load-controlled cyclic nanoindentation approach. The results showed that the maximum penetration depth onto both austenite and ferrite phases increased continuously while the rate decreased gradually and finally reached to a constant during the repeated indentation. Both transient state and quasi-steady state were observed for the penetration depth per cycle on both of the austenite and ferrite phases with the increased cycles. By contrast, both the penetration depth and rate per cycle into the austenite phase were larger than those into the ferrite phase. This was ascribed to the stress-induced densification in the austenite and ferrite phases and strain-induced transformed martensite in the austenite phase.
Authors: V. Dondur, Nenad Radić, Boško Grbić, Miha Drofenik
Abstract: In this paper the adsorption and oxidation of CO on nanocrystalline Au/γ-Fe2O3, Au/α- Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3 and a series of mixed ferrite with MnxZn1-xFe2O4 composition are investigated. The catalysts were prepared by co-precipitation method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRPD), specific surface (BET), transition electron spectroscopy (TEM) and magnetization measurements. A temperature programmed desorption (TPD) study of the water and CO interaction with nanocrystalline adsorbents is presented. The catalytic activities towards CO oxidation increased in the following order: γ-Fe2O3 < MnxZn1-xFe2O4 < Au/γ-Fe2O3 .
Authors: T.Y. Hsu
Abstract: In order to diminish the industrial pollution to maintain the sustainable development and to reduce the cost of the steel production, a unified technology combining plastic forming and heat treatment for some steel parts production is suggested. This article mainly concerns part theoretical foundation of such technology, i.e. the thermodynamic and kinetic models of the ferrite and pearlite transformations under external stress. Simulation of the ferrite fraction after continuous cooling under stress in a low-alloyed steel is presented. The effects of stresses on bainitic and martensitic transformations are also briefly introduced. The unified technology seems favorable to be realized in manufacturing practice.
Authors: P. Perriat, B. Domenichini, B. Gillot, D. Aymes
Authors: P. Perriat, D. Aymes, B. Gillot, M. Nohair
Authors: Maxim V. Kuznetsov, Ivan P. Parkin, A. Kvick, S.M. Busurin, I.V. Shishkovskiy, Yuri G. Morozov
Abstract: New experimental methods for investigations of phase formation during SHS have been established. First experiments using penetrating synchrotron radiation and energy dispersive detectors for different classes of complex inorganic materials were carried out at ESRF (Grenoble, France) and Daresbury (UK). A new and very sensitive thermal imaging method (Thermal Imaging Technique (TIT)) based on continuous registration of the whole combustion process by using highly sensitive IR-camera and software developed by MIKRON Instruments Co. (USA) was used for precise registration of the combustion parameters. SHS was performed on different types of pure and doped complex inorganic materials in pellet and powder form in a range of dc magnetic fields up to 20 T and in electrical field strengths up to ±220 kV/m. The dc magnetic field was applied during the reaction, supplied either by a permanent magnet (transverse, up to 1.1 T) or by an electromagnet (longitudinal, up to 20 T). The dc electrical field was applied along the direction of the combustion wave front propagation. The combined processes of SHS and SLS (Selective Laser Sintering) of 3D articles for different powdered compositions were optimized with laser irradiation power.
Authors: Harshad K.D.H. Bhadeshia
Authors: Deleg Sangaa, Baatartsogt Khongorzul, Enkhnaran Uyanga, Narmandakh Jargalan, Namsrai Tsogbadrakh, Hideyuki Hirazawa
Abstract: In recent time, interest to ferrite magnetic nanomaterials has considerably grown mainly due to their much promising medical and biological applications. The spinel ferrite powder samples having high heat generation ability in AC magnetic field was studied for application to hyperthermia treatment of cancer tumor. These properties of ferrites are strongly depending on their chemical composition, ion distribution, spin orientation and method of preparation in general and crystal structure in particular nature of the material. In this study, several samples of ferrite magnetic structures were investigated by neutron diffraction. The explanation of the mechanism to occurs the heat generation ability in the magnetic materials and the electronic and magnetic states of ferrite-spinel – type structures were theoretically defined by the first-principles calculations within the framework of DFT.
Authors: Torsten Sjögren, Per Eric Persson, Peter Vomacka
Abstract: During the last years the use of digital image correlation techniques (DIC) has become wide spread within different areas of research. One area in which these techniques are used is in the analysis of deformation of engineering materials. By the analysis of a set of successive images taken during a tensile test DIC makes it possible to determine how the deformation is localized. The observed local strains are often several times higher than the global strain measured by standard strain gauges. In this study, a set of compacted graphite cast irons (CGI) with different ratios of pearlite to ferrite have been examined by the use of DIC. In contrast to the normal use of DIC, where a pattern is sprayed on the tensile test sample as a reference for the determination of deformation taking place between successive images, the materials natural microstructural pattern has been used in this study. The use of the natural microstructural pattern makes it possible to study how the macroscopic deformation is accommodated within the different phases in the CGI studied. It is shown that the graphite phase accommodates a large portion of the strain and that the soft ferrite is strained more than the stronger, less ductile pearlite. The local strain of the observed area might be up to ten times higher than the global strain measured. The use of DIC improves the understanding of the deformation behaviour of compacted graphite cast irons and will be a useful tool when validating future finite element analyses of the micro-mechanical properties of cast irons.
Authors: Masaaki Igarashi, Koji Moriguchi, Seiichi Muneki, Fujio Abe, Yasuharu Shirai
Abstract: Creep deformation mechanism of the steels with a different matrix, α (ferrite), α’ (martensite) and γ (austenite), and precipitates such as MX and M23C6 has been analyzed using positron annihilation lifetime measurement. The positron annihilation lifetime has been found to be a very useful tool for evaluating the characteristic creep damage of the steels with different microstructure and the corresponding microstructural evolution during creep deformation. The creep deformation process of the α steel is heterogeneous, while the α’+M23C6 steel exhibits gradual changes in the creep rate in both transient and acceleration creep regions with the largest off-set strain, implying the homogeneous creep deformation. The α’+M23C6+ MX steel is in between the α and α’+M23C6 steels. The homogeneous creep deformation takes place in the γ steel.
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