Papers by Keyword: Fine Particles

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Authors: Yun Fei Li, Jian Guo Yang, Yan Yan Wang, Xiao Guo Wang
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to construct a turbulent aggregation device which has specific performance for fine particle aggregation in flue gas. The device consists of two cylindrical pipes and an array of vanes. The pipes extending fully and normal to the gas stream induce large scale turbulence in the form of vortices, while the vanes downstream a certain distance from the pipes induce small one. The process of turbulent aggregation was numerically simulated by coupling the Eulerian multiphase model and population balance model together with a proposed aggregation kernel function taking the size and inertia of particles into account, and based on data of particles’ size distribution measured from the flue of one power plant. The results show that the large scale turbulence generated by pipes favours the aggregation of smaller particles (smaller than 1μm) notably, while the small scale turbulence benefits the aggregation of bigger particles (larger than 1μm) notably and enhances the uniformity of particle size distribution among different particle groups.
Authors: Xiao Guo Wang, Jian Guo Yang, Yan Yan Wang, Yun Fei Li
Abstract: The objective of this study is employing acoustic coagulation to induce agglomeration of fine and ultrafine particles after wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) and analyzing its effectiveness and characteristic based on numerical simulation. Matters such as calcium sulfate and calcium sulfite in WFGD can form very fine particles. Smoluchoski’s equation is employed as the simulating model. Orthokinetic coagulation, hydrodynamic coagulation and Brownian coagulation are taken into account to form the agglomeration kernel. An improved sectional arithmetic is introduced to achieve sectional size adjusting automatically according to the mass concentration of particles, so that section size is fine where the mass concentration is large to guarantee computational accuracy, but coarse where the mass concentration is small to save computation time. Besides, mass conservation rate is introduced to estimate the calculation error in the compute of mass concentration. Simulation results show that the overall number concentration decreased more than 40% after acoustic wave acting on the flue gas for 2 second; Increasing sound intensity level (SIL) is more effective to coagulation than increasing frequency; There exists an optimal acoustic wave frequency within 1500~2000Hz; Coarse particles are more sensitive to acoustic wave frequency than fine particles.
Authors: Jun Akedo
Abstract: Aerosol deposition method (ADM) for shock-consolidation of fine ceramics powder to form dense and hard layers is reported. Submicron ceramic particles were accelerated by gas flow in the nozzle up to velocity of several hundred m/s. During interaction with substrate, these particles formed thick (10 ~ 100 µm), dense, uniform and hard ceramics layers. Depositions were fulfilled at room temperature. Every layer has polycrystalline structure with nano-meter order scale.􀀂 The results of fabrications, microstructure, mechanical and electrical properties of oxides (α-Al2O3; Pb(Zr0.52,Ti0.48)O3 etc.) and non-oxides materials are presented.
Authors: J. Geshev, A.D.C. Viegas, J.E. Schmidt
Authors: Marc Respaud, J.M. Broto, L. Thomas, B. Barbara, H. Rakoto, M. Goiran, A.R. Fert, E. Snoeck, M. Verelst, P. Lecante, J. Osuna, T. Ould Ely, C. Amiens, B. Chaudret
Authors: Cheng-Hsiung Peng, Hong-Wen Wang, Shih-Wei Kan, San-Yuan Chen
Abstract: Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite powders were synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The nanoparticles of these materials were mixed with a thermal-plastic polyurethane (TPU)polymer in order to form a suitable composite for electromagnetic wave absorber in a frequency range from 2.0 to 15.0 GHz. The effect of particle size on the reflection loss was investigated by comparing nanosized and microsized powders. The reflection loss as a function of frequency ( f ), thickness of the absorber(d), the real and imaginary part of permittivity (ε’ /ε”) and the real and imaginary part of permeability (μ’/μ”) were obtained by calculation using the Bruggeman effective medium theory. The effect of Co2+, Cu2+, and Mg2+ on the reflection loss was also studied.
Authors: Toshinobu Chiba, Yasuyoshi Nagai, Zheng Tang, Takashi Akahane, Masuyuki Hasegawa, Minoru Takenaka, Eiichi Kuramoto
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