Papers by Keyword: Finite Element Analysis (FEA)

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Authors: Ming Yu, Xin Ke Yu, Wen Jin Wang, Jing Zhang, Ling Li Zhang
Abstract: In order to keep gas turbine disk safe and reliable, and to provide reliable data for the dynamic design or modification of a gas turbine disk, dynamic characteristic of the gas turbine disk has to be obtained. In the paper, the method based on the combination of calculation mode and the experiment mode is proposed to analysis the dynamic characteristic of the gas turbine disk. The modal parameters and the mode shapes are calculated through ANSYS program. On the basis of these modal parameters, the faults of the gas turbine disk are shown and its weak points of the design are illustrated. The reason for deformation is analyzed and relevant measures employed to reduce faults are proposed. By these improvements in question, a guarantee of the gas turbine disk working normally has been available.
Authors: David Felhös, Karoly Váradi, Klaus Friedrich
Abstract: Rollers of three different material structures were examined: rollers consisting of pure EP resin; homogeneous EP/SiC composite rollers containing 5 vol.% SiC; and EP/SiC composite rollers with functionally gradient (FG) material structure. Wear tests were performed on the rollers. The wear tests showed that rollers of gradient structure are the most wear-resistant of all. Microhardness measurements were performed on the materials of the three different rollers. SEM images were made of the surface of wear traces. In order to get to know better the effect of SiC reinforcement particles on the wear mechanism, microhardness measurements were simulated by 3D FE micro-models. The SEM images and the FE models were used to explain the excellent wear behavior of the tread of rollers with gradient material distribution.
Authors: Pei Long Song, Xue Feng Yang, Shou Ren Wang, Li Ying Yang
Abstract: Al2O3-TiC/Al2O3-TiC-CaF2 laminated ceramic drawing die used for drawing experiment was prepared by vacuum hot pressing method. The finite element models of 45#-steel and wire drawing die were built by SolidWorks and simulation analysis of drawing process were done by FEM simulation software. The axial stress, strain distribution and drawing force during deformation were got. The microstructure of the worn drawing die was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the composition was investigated by energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDS). Results show that the wear conditions of Al2O3-TiC-CaF2 material layers were serious than Al2O3-TiC. And because of the dragging effect, solid lubricating films formed in Al2O3-TiC-CaF2 material layers covered on Al2O3-TiC material layers. The drawing die owes self-lubricating performance. Without considering friction effective on invariable zone of the drawing die, the simulation result of drawing force was smaller than the measurement value.
Authors: Qing Lin Chen, Shao Fen Lin
Abstract: The hydraulic systemic load spectrum of wring has been constructed by time with press and flow rate under deferent working condition on ship. The root mean square value of reel axial torque was calculated by weighted processing and was taken for the basis of the calculation on structure critical load. Based on the block of load spectrum, the virtual fatigue calculation showed the relation about the static strength and critical load block of load spectrum. Keeping the ratio of the static strength and critical load, the force analysis of wring reel aimed to the structure weight reduction by finite element analysis (FEA). The established wholly parametric and weight reduction model of wring structural part had been computed and meets the strength and stiffness requirement. The weight of this reel is reduced by 15.5 kg and lightweight effect is 8%. This method of weight reduction can be used to the reference on the design of hydraulic deck machinery of ship and hydraulic actuation construction machinery.
Authors: Dong Sun, Xu Dong Yang
Abstract: The milling planer bed is one of the most important foundational parts for the entire machine, sufficient stiffness is required. The posterior segment of a certain milling planer bed is regarded as the optimization object in this paper. Three-dimensional modeling method is used to calculate the exact weight of the bed and then finite element analysis is used to research the static and dynamic characteristics before and after weight-reduction. The weak link of the bed is found out and a improvement scheme is put forward ensuring lower production costs under the premise of sufficient rigidity.
Authors: Wei Wang, Chang Hao Zhang, Guan Feng Wang, Juan Zhang
Abstract: The welding joint method is usually applied in the reinforcing process of the steel moment frame connections. The welding parameters are chosen and discussed and the finite element analysis is employed to analyze the completely penetration joint weld between the flange plates and the column flange. The three-dimensional thermo-structure simulation is conducted. Furthermore, the influence of the residual stresses on the the loading capacity of the reinforced connection is discussed. The temperature field during the welding process and the residual stresses distribution are given. The existence of the welding residual will highly increase the likelihood of brittle fracture of the steel in the heat affect zone.
Authors: Lee Fredette, Elvin Beach
Abstract: Welding steel armor reduces the armor materials protection capability. Several industrial and military welding standards exist for welding armor materials with the primary focus on joint strength rather than ballistic integrity.The Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) created by the welding process introduces vulnerabilities in the protection system. The process and designs that we have demonstrated include mitigation features that eliminate the ballistic degradation and provide uniform protection across all armor materials.In this study we used finite element simulation of the welding process to perform trade studies evaluating welded joint designs, and to show how the designs could be altered to both optimize armor performance and reduce welding heat input. A beneficial effect of reduced heat input was the corresponding reduction in welding-induced residual stresses, an overall reduction in assembly distortion in the assembly, and improvement of the armor performance.The simulated welding process included the creation of the heat affected zone and the development of residual stresses in the structure. ABAQUS finite element software was used for the simulation with the aid of an extensive material property database created over the wide range of welding temperatures.The finite element simulation predictions were validated and verified with excellent results by metallography and micro-hardness measurements. Live-fire ballistic tests were used as the final proof of measurable design improvements. Finite element welding simulation was shown to be an effective tool for improving upon standard welded armor designs, and above all in improving human safety.
Authors: Chang Ming Hu, Yan Guo, Jie Wang, Qiong Wu
Abstract: An underground club in Xian is taken as the research object to explore the mechanical response of the internal poles of its high formwork support system during concrete pouring. The internal force static measurement of the high formwork support system is carried out. Each stage of the concrete pouring is simulated by the finite element analysis software ANSYS in the form of load step, whose results are contrasted with the measured results. The contrast reveals that the concrete pouring sequence has direct influence on the tendency of poles axial force and on the location of maximum axial force and that it is reasonable to adopt imaginary horizontal force which simulates the initial defects to carry out the overall stability analysis of the high formwork support system. It is pointed out that the program of setting up the formwork and the concrete pouring sequence should be determined with the finite element analysis.
Authors: Samir Ahmad, Izhar-ul-Haq
Abstract: In recent years the wind turbine blade has been the subject of comprehensive study and research amongst all other components of the wind turbine. As our appetite for renewable energy from the wind turbine continues to increase, companies now focus on rotor blades which can go up to 80m in length. The blade material not only have to face large aerodynamic, inertial and fatigue loads but are now being designed to endure environmental effects such as Ultraviolet degradation of surface, accumulation of dust particles at sandy locations, ice accretion on blades in cold countries, insect collision on blades and moisture ingress. All this is considered to ensure that the blades complete its designated life span. Furthermore exponential increase in composite blade manufacturing is causing a substantial amount of unrecyclable material. All these issues raise challenges for wind blade material use, its capacity to solve above mentioned problems and also maintain its structural integrity. This paper takes on this challenge by optimizing from the properties, merits, demerits and cost of different possible competing materials. Then the material is checked for its structural integrity through Finite Element Analysis simulation using standards like IEC-61400-1.This paper also shows the future direction of research by elaborating the influence nanotechnology can have in the improvement of the wind blade.
Authors: Zhe Ji, Bin Liu, Fei Xu
Abstract: The solar-powered platform has great application prospects with its unique characteristics of high cruising altitude and long endurance. This paper presents a high-aspect-ratio long straight composite wing structure. A 3D FEM model is used to study the mechanical performance of the wing under gust, by applying nonlinear analytical method. The wing optimization is focused on high stiffness and light weight. A wing structure of feasible strength and stiffness is obtained. Through analysis, several engineering conclusions are obtained. In addition, the instability features of the main spar are included as well.
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