Papers by Keyword: Finite Element Model (FEM)

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Authors: Fu Gang Yan, Cai Xu Yue, Xian Li Liu, Yu Fu Li, Shu Yi Ji
Abstract: Tool wear plays an important role in cutting process research. It affects the quality of machined surface and cutting parameter to a great extent, such as cutting force, cutting temperature and cutting quiver. In order to predict tool wear in hard cutting process by using FEM method, the character of tool wear during cutting process is presented firstly, and Usui’s tool wear rate model is introduced. Then the FEM model for steady state cutting process using Abaqus is established. FEM model describes the workpiece material characteristic accurately for the process of PCBN tool cutting GCr15 by adoptiving Johnson-Cook constitutive model. Simulation results of steady cutting process offer foundation to simulate tool wear.
Authors: Wei Chen, Bao Xiang Wang, Yu Zhu Zhang, Jin Hong Ma, Su Juan Yuan
Abstract: In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element model is developed to simulate and analyze the turbulent flow in the mould of billet continuous casting. The result shows that if the SEN is used in the continuous casting process, there exists a symmetrical stronger vortex in the middle of the mould and a weaker vortex above the nozzle. The casting speed, the depth and diameter of SEN all have significant effect on the fluid flow field and the turbulent kinetic energy on the meniscus, and then have effect on the billet quality. At the given conditions, the optimum set of parameters is: the casting speed 0.035 , the depth of the SEN 0.1 , the diameter of the SEN 0.025 . Online verifying of this model has been developed, which can be proved that it is very useful to control the steel quality and improve the productivity.
Authors: Jian Rong Yang, Yu Bai, Xiao Dong Yang, Wei Ming Zhu
Abstract: Three dimension finite element analysis and full-scale testing are carried out on a newly-built self-anchored suspension bridge. The 3D finite element model of the bridge is generated using a commercially available finite element package. The bridge is modeled under service loads, and the model results are compared to the results of field testing of the structure. Detailed experimental procedure is presented including the data acquisition system, testing truck, and the load distribution. Measured and calculated displacements are in reasonable concordance. And residual deformations meet the specification of the codes, no cracking opening.
Authors: Min You, Jia Ling Yan, Xiao Ling Zheng, Ding Feng Zhu, Jing Rong Hu
Abstract: The effect of the adhesive thickness and elastic modulus on the stress distribution in the mid-bondline of the adhesively-bonded steel/steel joint under impact loading is analyzed using 3-D finite element method (FEM). The results show that the stress distributed in bondline near the interface was significantly affected by the adhesive thickness and the elastic modulus. When the thickness increased from 1 mm to 2 mm, the values of all the stress components increased evidently along the upper edge of the adhesive but decreased significantly along the lower edge near the loading face. When the elastic modulus of the adhesive was increased, all the stresses increased along either the upper or the lower edge. It is clear that the suitable thickness and the elastic modulus of the adhesive are very important when the adhesively bonded joints subjected to the impacting load.
Authors: Da Wei Sun, Guo Dong Zhang, Kang Ping Wang, Hui Qin Yao
Abstract: Since no super high CFRD with dam height more than 233m been ever built in the world, more problems of 270m high CFRD are still to be explored and solved. The 270m extra high Maji CFRD is to be constructed. In order to get stress and deformation characteristic of this dam, 3D finite element analysis was carried out. To make comparison on stress and deformation of Shuibuya dam which has been built, the Duncan-Chang E-B model parameters of Shuibuya dam, which was obtained by large scale tri-axial experiment, was used here to prediction this 270m high dam behavior. According to the calculation results, some beneficial conclusions were obtained and the design scheme of the 270m dam will be optimized.
Authors: Huai Wen Wang, Hong Wei Ji, Wen Quan Shao, Hui Miao
Abstract: A series of numerical meso-mechanical models for different kinds of particle (include spherical, cylindrical and discal) reinforced composites are developed to investigate the effect of microstructural parameters on the elastic properties of composites. In these models, an effective interface concept is adopted. Finite element models with prescribed and random parameters are automatically generated in ABAQUS PDE (Python Development Environment). In the simulative investigations, it is observed that the degree of particle clustering and particle’s shape have strong effects on the elastic mechanical properties of composites.
Authors: Ji Hong Yang, Shou Jin Sun, Milan Brandt, Wen Yi Yan
Abstract: A 3D finite element model of the machining of Ti6Al4V alloy has been developed. This model is able to simulate the formation of continuous or discontinuous chips during the cutting process that depends on the cutting conditions. In this model, the yield stress is considered as a function of the strain, the strain rate and the temperature. The dynamic effects, thermo-mechanical coupling, constitutive damage law and contact friction are taken into account. The stresses and temperature fields, chip formation and tool forces are obtained at different stages of the cutting process.
Authors: Jin Hua Ruan, Li Wen Zhang, Chong Xiang Yue, Sen Dong Gu, Wen Bin He, Shao Hui Chen
Abstract: In order to investigate the deformation behavior of a plate during a vertical-horizontal rolling process, a thermo-mechanical coupling analysis is carried out by three-dimensional (3-D) rigid-plastic FEM to simulate the process. The metal flow and the shape evolution of the plate are focused during this investigation. The thickness and the width of the plate agree well with the measured values.
Authors: Ivan Yatchev, Krastyo Hinov, Vultchan Gueorgiev
Abstract: Three-dimensional finite element method has been used for modelling of the magnetic field and computation of the electromagnetic force of recently developed permanent magnet linear actuator. The actuator is subject to specific requirements – having four stable positions without supply and maintaining minimum static force during the whole working stroke. The actuator consists of several cores with coils placed on a common yoke and a moving permanent magnet. It is intended for needle driving in a knitting machine. Influence of different factors on the static force characteristic is estimated.
Authors: Tie Jun Wang, Wen Xu Zhang, Kikuo Kishimoto, Mitsuo Notomi
Abstract: Body-centered cubic unit cell models and three-dimensional finite element method are used to study the inelastic deformation of rubber particle modified polymers. Calculations are carried out for three loading conditions, i.e. uniaxial loading, plane strain deformation loading and the so-called 'equivalent shear' loading. Distributions of the localized shear deformation are presented to understand the microscopic deformation mechanisms of the polymers. Effects of particle size, particle volume fraction and loading conditions on the micro- and macroscopic deformation behavior of rubber particle modified polymers are discussed.
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