Papers by Keyword: Flow Field

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Authors: Qiu Ping Yang, Roderick Galbraith, De Ke Xi
Abstract: This paper use the Fluent software to calculate the flow field of the vertical axis wind turbine. The results got were almost agreeable with the experimental data. The results were much better agreeable with the experimental data when the TSR was larger than 1 .So it can be used as the fast and lower costing estimated tools for the vertical wind turbines.
Authors: Hui Guang Bian, Chuan Sheng Wang, Lei Wang
Abstract: This text introduced general flow field analyzed method about mixer flow in chamber, though analysis meshing rotor 3D flow field with the FEM.. While this process used six meshing-angles along the rotor circle for analysis the mixed mechanism of meshing rotors, which can improve mixer chamber’s structure and the quality of rubber etc.
Authors: Wei Bin Zhu, Jin Long Meng, Zhao Qin Yin
Abstract: The rear pressure measurement position of V-cone flowmeter is in the complex vortex structure area after fluid around the cone. The non-uniformity of the fluid field will influence the measurement precision of V-cone flowmeter. Large eddy simulation (LES) has been used to study the V-cone flowmeter’s 3-D flow field structure with different Reynolds number in this paper. The better fluid area information can gain by this way. The results show that the values of discharge coefficient (Cd) obtained from LES are more close to the experiment data than the values obtained from k-ε model. Different turbulence intensity with different Reynolds number effects the velocity distribution in the V-cone flowmeter’s flow field. When Reynolds number equals to 20000, the flow field within 8d distance from V-cone tail should keep from being disturbed while the flowmeter under working condition. The non-interfering distance from V-cone tail flow field increases with the Reynolds number raising. These analysis results can offer optimizational information for V-cone flowmeter performance and testing method improvement.
Authors: Yoshinori Hirata, Yasuhiro Asai, Kazuhiro Takenaka, Shinji Ohgaki, Fumikazu Miyasaka, Takayoshi Ohji
Authors: Wei Gang Xu, Hua Yong Zhang, Zhong Yu Wang, Wen Pei Huang
Abstract: The flow field of constructed wetland plays an important role in wetland stabilization and efficient operation. TengZhou Quanshang constructed wetland was taken as the research object. The RNG k-ε two-equation turbulence model equations coupling with the volume of fluid (VOF) model are introduced to simulation the vegetation cover flow. And the flow velocities of 37 measured points in wetland were measured by using the ADV instrument. Then the simulation velocity was compared with the field measured velocity. The results are shown to be satisfactory, and basically meet the large-scale flow analysis requirements. The problems of flow field distribution on the initial state was analyzed and optimized. The uniformity of velocity in wetland increased, and water mobility improved after optimization. Our results provide guidance for the 2D water quality simulation, pollutants migration and combination of plant purification effect in natural and constructed wetland.
Authors: Zhi Yong Dong, Yong Gang Yang, Qi Qi Chen, Bin Shi
Abstract: This paper experimentally investigated hydraulic characteristics in working section of multi-square-hole orifice plates of hydrodynamic cavitation reactor by use of three-dimensional Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and High Speed Photography etc. Arrangements of holes in the orifice plates can be divided into diagonal, cross and checkerboard categories. The three-dimensional velocity distribution, pressure and cavitation characteristics for each arrangement of multi-hole orifice plates were measured by PIV system, pressure data acquisition system and high speed camera, and a comparison of hydraulic characteristics of the three categories of arrangements of the multi-hole orifice plates were made.
Authors: Jing Ming Fan, Jun Wang
Abstract: Abrasive jet machining is an efficient technology for the fabrication of three dimensional micro structures on brittle materials. In abrasive jet machining, the variation or fluctuation in the amount of abrasive supply has a significant effect on the quality of the machined structures. An image processing technique is employed in this study to study the abrasive flow rate variation, in which abrasive jet pictures are captured at different moments by a Particle Image Velocimetry technology and then processed using Labview Vision Assistant and MATLAB. It shows that the abrasive flow rate fluctuates with time under the jetting conditions considered. The abrasive flow from larger nozzles or at smaller air pressures shows more profound fluctuation. Although the abrasive flow fluctuation from smaller nozzles remains almost constant when the air pressure is changed, for larger nozzles, the magnitude of the fluctuation gradually decreases as the air pressure is increased.
Authors: Xiao Lin Wang, Ding Hua Yang, Gen Sheng Yang, Zhong Li, Jian Feng Li, Da Long Zhang, Jun Fu Lv
Abstract: In the process of fans design, splitter blades could be adopted in the middle of rotator to improve the performance of fan. In order to understand the flow pattern in the high-pressure centrifugal blower of 9-26type with splitter blade thoroughly, computational fluid dynamics Fluent is applied and the three dimensional air flows in the fan is numerically simulated and analyzed. The calculating results showed that under the same condition, the flux of the fan was improved 5%approximately and the mean total pressure at outlet of the fan was improved 10% because of the splitter blade, the length of the splitter blade affected the flux either. Standard turbulent model and unstructured grids are applied in computation. The results of calculation can good helpful for people to improve the performance of the fan.
Authors: Yong Gang Liu, Xiao Yang Zhang, Jing Yang Zheng, Jin Fa Xie
Abstract: According to the structural features of the vertical preheater, the 2-dimention finite element models are set up for the section of the preheater with different arrangement and diameters for the limestone grains. The situation of gas-solid two-phase flow between the limestone grains and the hot air in the preheater is simulated by the discrete particle model. Based on the heat transfer theory, the convection heat transfer coefficient between the limestone grains and the hot air is deduced by means of the experimental correlation of the air cross-flow tube bundles. On the simulation of the 2-dimention finite element model of the vertical preheater based on the FLOTRAN module of ANSYS, the temperature field, pressure field and velocity field of the limestone grains are obtained. The results show that there is a little change of convection heat transfer coefficient by varying the arrangement of limestone grains. The convection heat transfer coefficient is improved by employing the limestone grains with little diameter. The larger the gap between the grains is, the larger the convection heat transfer coefficient is.
Authors: Yi Jun Zhou, Hai Yang Xu, Wang Kan
Abstract: The inner flow field of centrifugal pump is complex and presents a characteristic of three-dimensional turbulence. Used Solidworks software to establish a three-dimensional model of the pump and impeller, completed the numerical simulation of centrifugal impeller flow field based on the turbulence model and Fluent software, obtained the static pressure and velocity distribution of flow field, provided basis for the design and optimization of the subsequent product.
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