Papers by Keyword: Friction Material

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Authors: Angela Popa, Irina Carceanu, Cristian Coman, Viorel Candea, Gabi Matache
Abstract: The present research’ goal is the fabrication of Fe-based composite reinforced with oxide particles with special characteristics (wear, friction coefficient) for friction applications usually the Fe-based composite are obtained through melting and castings followed by other finishing operations. These technologies do not ensure a homogeneous distribution of reinforcement particles and that is why, the authors approached a PM specific technologies to obtained Fe-based composite. The Fe-based powder reinforcement with oxide particles obtained through mechanical alloying the powder was analyzed and characterized and then underwent the operation of milling in the planetary milling with ball, pressing and sintering at different temperatures and durations. SEM analysis had of identifying the distribution compounds into the Fe- matrix, their quantitative evolution and the influence of different parameters. The mechanical characteristics, wear and friction coefficient, were determined.
Authors: Feng Shang, Hai Xia Zhou, Bin Qiao, Hua Qiang Li, Yi Qiang He
Abstract: With the speed up of the train, higher performance demands are put forward to the materials which have friction function. The friction materials produced by power metallurgy technology have a lot of advantages, such as good wear resistance, better thermal conductivity, bearing high lord, work reliably and so on. So they are used widely in the fields such as auto industry, aerospace and so on. The application of metal powder metallurgy technology in preparation friction materials of railway vehicles was researched in this paper, such as brake-shoe, brake lining of train braking, pantograph slide of electric locomotive, electrify boots slider of the maglev train and so on. This kind of friction material has superior performance and better prospects.
Authors: Jun Hua Han, Qi Sheng Wu
Abstract: Many factors influence the wear of friction material performance such as formulation, manufacturing condition and operating regimes, and so on. In this paper, the wear rate variation has been modeled by means of artificial neural network, the network have been developed with all these relevant factors taking into consideration. 16 influence factors and wear rate selected as input and output respectly, 16 [10-8]2 1 is regarded as the best architecture of neural network, the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is used for training the network. The result shows that the model is valid to predict the wear property, as well as that it is useful for optimizing the formulation and manufacturing conditions, the relatively excellent combination of the ingredients and the appropriate manufacturing condition parameters can be obtained by this approach.
Authors: Zhen Yu Wang, Tie Shan Wang, Li Song
Abstract: In this paper, the contrast test has been done on the brake linings that have been made by water granulating technology. As a result, by contrast with the brake linings that have been done at the same material and producing technology, it was preliminary demonstrated that the apparent porosity of the brake linings that have been made by the granulating technology could be enhanced greatly, so on the hot-pressing process, products exhausting has been easy, the die cavity volume could be decreased, the hot-pressing time could been shorten, the production efficiency could be enhanced, the natural frequency of the braking lining could be reduced, the possibility of the braking noise could be decreased.
Authors: Sutikno, Sukiswo Supeni Edi, Dany Sigit Saputra
Abstract: In Indonesia, a lot of wastes of glasses and metals have potency to be one of brake raw materials. For example, little bottles of used food packages are usually directly thrown into environment. The scraps of metal machining wastes are usually collected to be manufactured into other products. In this research, both wastes are used as fillers for brake friction materials, the effects of them on the thermal properties are studied in details. The glass wastes are crushed, grinded and filtered to simplify the mixing process with other raw materials when the fabrication of brake fiction materials done. During fabrication, samples are cured at 190°C for 3 hours. The samples are characterized using x-ray diffractometer and thermogravimetric analysis. Based on these characterizations, the increase of glass powders content plays role in increasing the percentage of crystalllinities. This is suspected the glass used as ingredient of friction material has crystalline structure. The glass waste quantity does not influence significantly on the thermal properties. During heating up to 1200°C, the mass loss occurs due to epoxy, bamboo fiber and styrene butadiene rubber decompose. The optimum composition is found at sample B2, a sample with lowest total mass loss (2 mg).
Authors: Lei Yang, Yao Guang Qi, Xu Hu Ren, Xin Fu Liu, Lan Lin Du, Fen Na Zhang
Abstract: Friction material in the future will be towards the low-noise, low wear debris, no poisoning and environment-friendly trends and direction. This paper describes the friction material formulation filtering and evaluation, and proposes design of the basic idea of friction material formulations. Then the article optimizes design of friction material formulations by means of golden section method and the gray correlation coefficients means. Experimental results show that the method gave by this paper is an effective way to study friction material formulation.
Authors: Jian Hua Du, Yan Zang, Xiao Ying Zhu
Abstract: The Cu-based friction materials with nano-AlN (n-AlN) particles were prepared by powder metallurgy technology. The friction performance of the friction materials was investigated through test rig. The microstructure and worn morphology were studied through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicate that the coefficient of the Cu-based friction materials with 0.75 wt % n-AlN is high and stable. Comparing with the traditional friction materials without n-AlN, the wear resistance and heat resistance of the friction materials with n-AlN has been improved by 25 % and 18 %, respectively. The n-AlN particles can reduced the abrasive wear and enhance the wear resistance of the Cu-based friction materials.
Authors: Jian Hua Du, Yuan Yuan Li, Xiao Hui Zheng
Abstract: The Cu-based friction materials with nano-graphite were prepared through powder metallurgy technology. The microstructure and friction performance were studied through scan electronic microscope (SEM) and friction tester, respectively. The results indicate that coefficient of the Cu-based friction materials with 2 wt% nano-graphite is high and stable. Comparing with the friction materials without n-C, the wear resistance and heat resistance of the friction materials with nano-graphite has been improved by 11 % and 25 %, respectively. The nano-graphite particles will reduce the abrasive wear and enhance the wear resistance of the Cu-based friction materials.
Authors: Danuwat Pupan, Chakrit Suvanjumrat, Watcharapong Chookaew
Abstract: Brake pad is the combination of lining and metallic components, e.g. steel backing plate (disc brake) and aluminum brake shoe (drum brake). Shear bond strength plays a major role to provide the safety and/or drive performances. This work aimed to study the processing factors affected the bonding strength. The molding temperature couple with post-curing temperature was simultaneously analyzed in order to optimize the processing temperature. The shear bond strengths of metallic plates were continually investigated with regard to the effect of different surface treatments. The obtained results indicated that the mechanical strength was increased as the molding temperature raised in ranges of 160°C to 180°C. Conversely, the deterioration of adhesive strength was progressively presented with rising post curing temperature. In comparing different backing plate, aluminum showed the higher shear bond strength than that of steel plate. In fact, the weakened property of aluminum in nature would be easily destroyed by mechanical treatments. From the shear tested results, an increase of surface roughness was inversely changed the shear bond strength. On the other hand, the contact angle of water droplet affected directly to adhesive strength. It was suggested that an adding surface roughness, commonly used in automotive industry, was inappropriate criteria, whist geometrical surface should be taken into account for improving the shear bond strength. Moreover, the contact angle and mechanical interlocking were recommended to use as a criteria of brake pad shear strength.
Authors: A. Almaslow, Chantara Thevy Ratnam, M.J. Ghazali, R.J. Talib, C.H. Azhari
Abstract: Semi-metallic friction composites (SMFC) consist of epoxidised natural rubber with 50 mol % epoxidation (ENR50), alumina nanoparticle, steel wool, graphite and benzoxazine were prepared by melt mixing using Haake internal mixer at 90°C and 60 rpm rotor speed. The composites were vulcanized using different crosslinking systems, namely, sulfur and electron beam (EB) crosslinking. The samples were subjected for friction test in order to determine friction and wear properties of SMFC. The friction–wear properties of the SMFC crosslinked by electron beam irradiation and sulfur vulcanization system were compared. The friction coefficient in normal and hot condition of irradiated SMFC were higher than those of sulphur vulcanized samples at all applied doses. On the other hand the specific wear rates of irradiated samples were lower than the sulfur vulcanized samples at all applied doses. The sample crosslinked by EB irradiation at 150 kGy dose found to exhibit the best tribological property, as evident from the higher friction coefficient (about 0.461) and lower wear achieved at 150 kGy irradiation as compared to sulphur vulcanization of the SMFC.
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