Papers by Keyword: FT-IR

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Authors: Norzila Othman, Syazwani Mohd Asharuddin
Abstract: Cucumis melo rind was evaluated as a new biosorbent for the removal of Fe (II) and Mn (II) from synthetic groundwater solution. The maximum sorption capacity of Fe (II) and Mn (II) was found to be 4.98 mg/g and 1.37 mg/g respectively. Sorption was most efficient at pH 7 and 6.5 for Fe (II) and Mn (II) respectively. The biosorption of both metals increased as the quantity of biosorbent increased. The increase in initial metal concentration was associated with steep increase in biosorption at lower concentrations and progressively reaching towards plateau at higher metal concentration. FTIR demonstrated that hydroxyl and carboxyl groups were involved in the biosorption of the metal ions. The study points to the potential of new use of Cucumis melo rind as an effective sorbent for the removal of Fe (II) and Mn (II) from aqueous solution.
266
Authors: Xiu Yun Li, Li Yang, De Chun Liu
Abstract: The crystallization of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and polypropylene/polyethylene-glycol (iPP/PEG) blends were investigated by in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). It was found that the existence of polyethylene-glycol(PEG) does not destroy the helical structure of iPP in the melt, but changes the crystal structure of iPP in the bends. Moreover, the variation tendency of ratios of intensity A998 cm-1/A1460 cm-1 for iPP and iPP/PEG blends showed that the the onset crystallization temperature of iPP is improved by addition of PEG until the PEG content reaches to 5 wt%, and beyond this content, the crystallization point decreases.
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Authors: Monica Calasans-Maia, Silvia R. A. Santos, Antonella M. Rossi, José Mauro Granjeiro
Abstract: The study aimed the evaluation of the effect of osseous repair in the synthetic hydroxyapatite cylinder (HA) implanted in rabbit’s tibia. Fifteen adult animals, weighing around 2.5 and 3.0 Kg, sourced by the Fluminense Federal University Animal Lab were anesthetized with spinal anesthesia, and two perforations were created in right tibia and filled with cylinders (2 x 6 mm) of HA. The animals were killed after 28 days for evaluating the HA cylinder through attenuated total reflection infrared microscopy (ATR-FTIR). The two fragments of tibia with the cylinder were collected and fixed in alcohol 70° prior to dehydration in successive alcohol solutions and then impregnated and embedded in methyl-methacrylate. Not stained neither pasted to lamina, sections of 200 µm thickness were analyzed in a Shimadzu IRPrestige-21 Automatic Infrared Microscope (AIM-8800) with ATR Objective Mirror (ATR-8800M). Prior to implantation, HA cylinder was characterized by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Attenuated Total Reflection- Infra Red microscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF). After the implantation, the spectrum of the ATR-FTIR at the interface to neoformed bone was acquired. The hydroxyapatite synthesized was crystalline and stoichiometric with Ca/P ratio of 1.66, becoming carbonated after 28 days of implantation. We conclude that attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) is a useful tool for biomaterial evaluation and able to detect the modification of the chemical HA cylinder pattern occurred probably by ions migration in the biological environment.
61
Authors: A. Jaidee, Pornchai Rachtanapun, S. Luangkamin
Abstract: N,O-Carboxymethyl chitosans were synthesized by the reaction between shrimp, crab and squid chitosans with monochloroacetic acid under basic conditions at 50°C. The mole ratio of reactants was obtained from various reaction conditions of shrimp chitosan polymer and oligomer types. The mole ratio 1:12:6 of chitosan:sodium hydroxide:monochloroacetic acid was used for preparing carboxymethyl of chitosan polymer types while carboxymethyl of chitosan oligomer types were used the mole ratio 1:6:3 of chitosan:sodium hydroxide:monochloroacetic acid. The chemical structure was analyzed by fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and proton nuclear magnatic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). The FT-IR was used for confirm the insertion of carboxymethyl group on chitosan molecules. The 1H-NMR was used for determining the degree of substitution (DS) of carboxymethylation at hydroxyl and amino sites of chitosans. Carboxymethyl chitosan samples had the total DS of carboxymethylation ranging from 1.0-2.2. The highest of DS of carboxymethylation was from shrimp chitosan oligomer type.
158
Authors: P. Dupel, Thierry Chassagne, Didier Chaussende, Yves Monteil, François Cauwet, Etienne Bustarret, A. Deneuville, G. Bentoumi, Eugénie Martinez, B. Daudin, G. Feuillet
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Authors: Ourania Menti Goudouri, Eleana Kontonasaki, Nikolaos Kantiranis, Xanthippi Chatzistavrou, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Petros Koidis, Konstantinos M. Paraskevopoulos
Abstract: Melt derived bioactive glass- porcelain system is reported to be bioactive but with a slow rate of bioactivity. The aim of this work is to fabricate and characterize bioactive glass/dental porcelain composites produced by the sol-gel method. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray Diffractometry (XRD) were used to characterize the fabricated materials. The FTIR spectra and the XRD patterns confirm the presence of both constituents in the mixtures, while the dominant crystal phases in bioactive glass/dental porcelain specimens are leucite and wollastonite.
95
Authors: S. Jethwa, D.W. Tee, S.M. Francis, F. Grillo, N.V. Richardson, Chris Reid, Larry McGhee, W.M. Lee
Abstract: The use of integration of copper interconnects in semiconductor devices has greatly advanced the development of integrated circuits and has enabled ever higher device densities. Unfortunately the oxides of copper are poorly suited to semiconductor manufacture. As Cu (I) and Cu (II) oxides are not self-limiting they can pose serious issues from a cleaning and queue time management perspective. In both post-etch and post-CMP cleaning applications it is critical that both types of Cu oxide are removed without damage to either Cu or the dielectric. With the most advanced sub 32nm nodes simply removing the oxides is not sufficient; their re-growth must also be prevented using surface passivation.
231
Authors: Muhammad Mansoor
Abstract: A step-by-step, hierarchical approach is explored in the present work to purify and functionalize carbon nanotubes synthesized by chemical vapor deposition. Attempts are made to purify and functionalize CNTs without extinguishing their aspect ratios. The carbon impurities are removed by thermal oxidation, whilst the unprotected metallic catalyst particles are eliminated by wet oxidation, subsequently; CNT bundles are de-roped by surfactant assisted sonication. Finally, protected metallic catalyst particles are removed and functional groups (hydroxyl and carboxyl) are attached by acid treatment and wet oxidation, respectively. The derivate CNTs are characterized using zeta potential measurements, TGA, XRD, FTIR and SEM. The characterization showed that in optimum experimental conditions the catalytic particles are removed upto 80%, the carbon impurities are eliminated upto 95% and chemical functionalities of hydroxyl and carboxyl is occurred with noticeable de-roping of the CNT bundles.
118
Authors: Dong Shin Yun, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyun Chang Shin, Venkatathri Narayanan, Jung Whan Yoo, Seong Ho Lee, Dong Jin Lee, Nam Hoon Kim
Abstract: The physicochemical characteristics (SEM, N2 adsorption, FT-IR, MASNMR) of samples from kinetics (10 min, 20 min, 30 min, 1 h and 3h) of hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) gives new insight into the synthesis of nanosphere. The particle sizes are increased with time, however, the surface areas decreased. FT-IR investigation reveals the presence of high intensed silanol groups of 960 cm-1 at 10 min, which reduced on progress of the reaction time. This suggests the partial hydrolysis and condensation of alkoxy groups in TEOS. 29Si MASNMR analysis shows the presence three different silica species(Q4, Q3 and Q2) in 10 and 20 min samples. The intensity of Q2 species decreases with time and other species concentration were increased.
1249
Authors: Moumita Naskar, Tapan Kumar Chaki, Kusum Sudhkar Reddy
Abstract: Recycling of waste plastics (WP) denotes an effectual method to dispose the post-consumer products for possible alternative way to obtain new materials with good properties. With this aim the influences of WP and maleic anhydride (MA) grafted WPs (MA-g-WP) were investigated as the bitumen modifiers for paving applications. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis established the effective grafting of MA with the waste plastic (WP). Polymer modified bitumen (PMB) binders were analyzed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy (OP) in an effort to characterize the bitumen/modifier interphase morphology. The conventional rheological tests such as penetration test, softening point, and ductility results indicate that the degree of polymer modifications are function of the nature of modifier, bitumen–modifier compatibility, and modifier concentration. It has also been confirmed that the morphology observed by SEM and optical microscopy revealed the compatibility between MA-g-WP and bitumen, and the storage stability of binder was improved significantly compared with WP modified bitumen (WPMB) binders. Consequently, the use of grafted modifier with polar site can be considered as a suitable alternation for modification of binder in pavement by expecting their chances for better performance during service.
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