Papers by Keyword: Fuel Cell (FC)

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Authors: Franco Cotana, Mirko Filipponi, Beatrice Castellani
Abstract: A small size cylindrical Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell stack was installed at Giugliano landfill in Italy. The stack was constituted by 16-cells with a 300 W nominal power. Preliminary tests were performed in order to verify the possibility to supply the stack by the landfill biogas, characterized by low methane content (32%). Results showed that the proposed plant is able to correctly operate also when supplied with low methane content biogas.
Authors: P. Yong, I.P. Mikheenko, Lynne E. Macaskie
Abstract: Nano-scale palladium was bio-manufactured via enzymatically-mediated deposition of Pd(II) from solution. The bio-accumulated metal palladium crystals were processed and applied onto carbon paper and tested as anodes in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell for power production. Up to 85% and 31% of the maximum power generation was achieved by Bio-Pd catalysts made using two strains of bacteria, compared to commercial fuel cell grade Pt catalyst. Therefore, it is feasible to use bio-synthesized catalysts in fuel cells for electricity production.
Authors: Jium Ming Lin, Cheng Hung Lin
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel fuel cell system design by integrating both methods of Ziegler-Nichols-based PID control and the intelligent fuzzy control, thus the relative stability and disturbance rejection properties can be reserved. This new method is not proposed before for fuel cell control system design. By using PID method for the normal case of fuel cell current requirement, the overshoot of the temperature is 45%, the temperature rise and the settling times are 0.65 sec and 2 sec, respectively. However, by using intelligent fuzzy Ziegler-Nichols-based PID controller design, the overshoot of the temperature is 12%, the temperature rise and the settling times are 0.7 sec and 1 sec, respectively. Thus the proposed method is better. Moreover, this paper also takes the system disturbance variation effect into consideration, e.g. the current requirement is increased by 100% for climbing a slope or speed-up conditions; note a large 60% temperature overshoot is produced by using Ziegler-Nichols based PID controller. But the overshoot is only 20% by using the intelligent fuzzy Ziegler-Nichols-based PID controller. Thus the proposed system is more robust.
Authors: Shi Gang Yu, Hui He, You Sheng Xu
Abstract: A composite three-dimensional mathematical model of proton exchange membrane fuel cell is proposed, the corresponding finite element method and numerical simulation are given as well, where fluid flow, proton transport, and electrochemical reaction are addressed. Some factors that probably affect the performance of the cell are analyzed by using the model. The computational results show that the reactant concentration decreases along the flow direction, the water concentration increases in the cathode side of membrane, membrane resistance decreases, conductivity increases and proton concentration increases. The fuel cell performance is better when the porosity increases, as well as the operating pressure.
Authors: Shi Zhong Chen, Shi Yu Xing
Abstract: The proton exchange membrane (PEM) plays a key role on performance of PEM fuel cell. This paper reviewed recent developments of perfluorinated and partially fluorinated PEMs for PEM fuel cells.Comparative analysis of various PEM parameters was presented. Perfluorinated sulfonic PEMs with better technology have the issues of complicated preparation process and high cost.Partially fluorinated PEMs have lower price,but performance is not good enough.
Authors: Jun Sheng Liang, Chong Liu, Ling Jun Sun
Abstract: . This paper presents the design, microfabrication and characterizations of a silicon based, single-cell μDMFC demonstrator for micro/portable electrical power applications. The flow field plates of the fuel cell were made on 2“silicon wafers utilizing wet-etching and sputtering techniques. The fuel cell was assembled in an epoxy-based packaging process. Results show that a lower internal ohmic resistance of the fuel cell can be achieved with a thicker current collecting layer (CCL). Influence of the operating conditions on the μDMFC performance was also investigated. It was found that 2M methanol can yield a better fuel cell performance because it provided a better compromise between the methanol crossover and mass transportation during operation. On the other hand, a 4-time increase of the peak power density of the fuel cell was achieved by increasing the methanol temperature from 20°C to 80°C.
Authors: Chin Ming Chung, Chun Chin Lin
Abstract: This paper aims to study the solar energy produce hydrogen combine fuel cell generation system. Utilization digital signal processor of power conversion for solar charging system for the overall system control center to achieve all stability of power system The system consists of a solar module to DC 14V 37W, PEMFC power generation 30W, digital signal processor( TMS320LF2407), assembly of bipolar electrolyzer and power converter The self –made hydroxide ion film of this experiment is excellent performance in separating hydrogen from Oxygen, so the hydrogen purity can be as high as 99.2%,and the generating efficiency of the fuel cell can be maintained at 29%.
Authors: A. Marikkannan, B.V. Manikandan, S. Jeyanthi
Abstract: The interest toward the application of fuel cells is increasing in the last years mainly due to the possibility of highly efficient decentralized clean energy generation. The output voltage of fuel-cell stacks is generally below 50 V. Consequently, low-power applications with high output voltage require a high gain for proper operation. A zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) dc–dc converter with high voltage gain is proposed for fuel cell as a front-end converter. It consists of a ZVS boost converter stage and a ZVS half-bridge converter stage and two stages are merged into a single stage. The ZVS boost converter stage provides a continuous input current and ZVS operation of the power switches. The ZVS half-bridge converter stage provides a high voltage gain. The principle of operation and system analysis are presented. Theoretical analysis and simulation result of the proposed converter were verified.
Authors: S. M. Javaid Zaidi
Abstract: Fuels are being considered an as environmental friendly technology and are making headlines across the globe as clean and reliable alternate energy source for transportation, stationary and portable power applications. The rapid developments taking place in all the leading research laboratories in the world are making fuel cell closer to the realization. The progress of PEM fuel cell is closely related to the development of solid polymer electrolyte membranes as it defines the properties needed for other components of the fuel cell. So far perfluorosulfonated membranes such as Nafion have been found useful in these fuel cells and are the only material of choice available commercially. But these membranes are very expensive and have other drawbacks, which acts as an impediment for the commercialization of this technology. As a result alternative cheaper membrane materials have been developed. For the development of new or novel membranes mainly three strategies have been used: (1) modifying the currently used ionomer membranes (2) synthesizing new polymeric membranes and (3) develop new polymer composites by blending the two polymers or composting with an inorganic material. The composite membrane approach (3) has been widely used to tackle the problem of methanol crossover and temperature stability.
Authors: Alina Agüero, M.C. García, Raúl Muelas, A. Sánchez, F.J. Pérez, D. Duday, M.P. Hierro, C. Gómez
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