Papers by Keyword: Graphite

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Authors: K. Rajkumar, Saigopal Vasudevan, N. Subbiah
Abstract: The wearing of bush made of brass in various applications is a cause for major concern. This study aims to analysing the various causes, mechanisms, environmental effects that influence the wearing and reduction in efficiency of the brass-steel sliding pair. The anti-friction and anti-wear properties are analysed under various conditions using a multitude of approaches. The particulate size of the dispersed lubricant (graphite and nanographite) and the temperature under which the experiment is being conducted is directly responsible for the sliding and wear properties of the brass specimen. The current studies and observations involved the use of a pin on disc apparatus, where the test specimen as the pin and slid against the steel plate (EN-31) at various speeds, loads, levels of lubrication and temperatures. The depth of wear under the different loading and sliding speeds are determined individually by means of an LVDT measurement.
Authors: S. Nakhodchi, Gabrielle Hilson, David John Smith, Peter E.J. Flewitt
Abstract: In this paper the challenges associated with the determination of within section macrostresses in the non-metallic materials porous reactor core graphites, glasses and thermally grown oxides, will be considered, with respect to the length-scale over which such measurements are required. Examples are briefly presented to demonstrate the capability of the methods selected, which include deep hole drilling and photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopy. These techniques span the length-scale from micro-metres to tens of millimetres. The measured values will be discussed with respect to the confidence with which these techniques may be applied and hence benefits for life/integrity evaluation.
Authors: Baoan Li, Han Han Fan
Abstract: Plastic heat exchangers has the shortcomings of bulky, thick pipe wall with large thermal resistance, poor heat transfer, aging of plastic and a narrow temperature range. The key to increase the heat transfer performance of heat exchanger is improving thermal performance of heat conduction.To enhance heat transfer effects and expand the temperature range of using plastic heat exchanger, PVDF with good temperature resistance is used as matrix and modification with graphite fillers to prepare composite hollow fiber which has the advantage of small diameter, thin wall and good thermal conductivity. Also, composite materials hollow fibers are used to prepare shell and tube hollow fiber heat exchanger.The testing of "water - water" system for our heat exchanger module has been done, and the results indicate that adding graphite is helpful to improve thermal conductivity of PVDF-based heat conductive hollow fiber heat exchanger to a certain extent.hen the content of graphite is 3%, the heat transfer effect is the best.
Authors: K.Eric Drexler
Abstract: Proposed advanced mechanosynthetic systems [1] require molecular tools able to bind and transfer reactive moieties with high reliability at 300 K (failure rates << 10–10 per transfer operation). Screening of a large number of candidate tools at the AM1 level enabled the identification of a structure, DC10c, that is calculated (at the B3LYP/6- 31G(d,p) level) to meet these stringent requirements when used to transfer carbon dimers to any of a target class of graphene-, nanotube-, and diamond-like structures [2]. The favorable energy of transfer (exoergic by a mean energy ≥ 0.261 aJ per dimer) results from avoidance of the generation of high-energy radical sites during dimer release by means of π-delocalization to form a strained aromatic ring on the binding face of the empty structure. These energies are compatible with transfer-failure rates ~ 10–24 per operation at 300 K, and overall failure rates << 10–10.
Authors: Shi Chun Mu, M. Pan, Run Zhang Yuan
Abstract: Some minerals were considered to store hydrogen on the basis of their porous crystal structure. Besides of crystal graphite and zeolite, some natural clay minerals such as palygorskite-sepiolite minerals with nano-scale channels and polar surface can also store hydrogen. The hydrogen storage mechanism of porous minerals was discussed. The experimental results showed a potential application of palygorskite-sepiolite minerals as the media of hydrogen storage.
Authors: C. Hérold, J.F. Marêché, A. Mabchour, G. Furdin
Authors: S.R. Dhakate, N. Chauhan, S. Sharma, R.B. Mathur
Abstract: We report an easy and scaleable approach to produce single and double layer graphene (Gr)-sheet from re-exfoliation of expanded graphite (EG) with large area. Transmission and scanning electron microscopic observations show that the Gr-sheets have an area of ~ (12 x 10) μm2. Raman spectroscopy has confirmed the presence of single and double layer Gr-sheet with I2D/IG ratio as ~ 1.7. Scanning probe microscopy studies reveals that on re-exfoliation of EG, thickness of Gr-layer decreases from 6-7 nm to 0.8-1.1 nm. This infers that re-exfoliation overcomes the problem of insufficient oxidation or inadequate pressure buildup during heat treatment.
Authors: Shie Chen Yang, Tsuo Fei Mao, Tzer Ming Jeng, Sheng Chung Tzeng, Tzung Ying Shie, Chih Liang Chen, Po Tsun Chen
Abstract: This study investigated the heat transfer characteristics of LED heat sink and the development process technology of graphite heat sink with micro-sized metal powders. Employing the reverse engineering technology, the three-dimension LED heat sink entity was rebuilt and the heat transfer characteristics of LED heat sink were analyzed by CFD numerical simulation and experimental measurement. The numerical results were validated with experimental results and it showed a good agreement. The experimental and simulation results showed that the heat dissipation of LED device could be removed by natural convection effectively. The difference between the maximum temperature and minimum temperature of cooling efficiency was 10°C. For the process technology development of LED graphite heat sink, the graphite powder, metal powder and resin were mixed in specific ratios. The vacuum casting, vacuum pressure casting and rapid die technology were used to manufacture LED graphite heat sink. The experimental results showed that the LED graphite heat sinks developed in this study have advantages of low cost, light weight and attractive appearance as compared with the heat sink of aluminum alloy, and the overall heat transfer capacity is still within acceptable range.
Authors: Vasilios Fourlakidis
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of graphite added as a conditioner, of Lantanum containing nodulariser and of pouring temperature on the formation of shrinkage porosity in ductile iron casting with an eutectic composition. In this experiment for each heat the cooling curves were recorded by the use of Quick-Cups (thermal analysis cups) and different solidification parameters such as TElow, GRF1, GRF2 and TS were calculated and compared with the porosity which was found from the microstructure examination. The results show that there is a good correlation between the amount of the shrinkage formation and the thermal analysis values. Also this experiment confirm that by using certain treating elements and pouring temperature which was between 1340-1350°C it is possible to eliminate the shrinkage defects in ductile iron castings without using feeders.
Authors: G. Kapelski, A. Varloteaux
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