Papers by Keyword: Guided Wave

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Authors: Chong Myoung Lee, Joseph L. Rose, Youn Ho Cho
Abstract: Rail represents one of the most important means of transportation. Many nondestructive testing methods have been used to find defects in rail. The guided wave technique is the most efficient because of its long propagation characteristic along the rail. The wave structure of the rail cross-section for a particular loading condition of modes and frequencies is an important feature. The wave structures are examined at different modes and frequencies. The propagation scattering patterns of guided waves from various multiple defects in a rail are also studied using finite element method.
Authors: Chong Myoung Lee, Joseph L. Rose, Wei Luo, Youn Ho Cho
Abstract: Rail represents one of the most important means of transportation. Many nondestructive testing methods have been used to find defects in rail. The guided wave technique is the most efficient because of its long propagation characteristic along the rail. Potential for detecting transverse cracks exists whereas standard bulk wave technique could miss the cracks. The wave structure of the rail cross-section for a particular loading condition of modes and frequencies is an important feature. In this paper, the propagation and scattering patterns of guided waves in a rail are studied using finite element methods. The wave structures are also examined. Various multiple defect situations and rail boundary conditions can also be studied.
Authors: Ik Keun Park, Yong Kwon Kim, Tae Hyung Kim, Yong Sang Cho
Abstract: This paper capitalizes on recent advances in the area of non-contact ultrasonic guided wave techniques. The present technique provides a decent method for nondestructive testing of defect thinning simulating a hidden corrosion or FAC(Flow Accelerated Corrosion) in a thin aluminum plate. The proposed approach is based on using EMAT(Electro-magnetic Acoustic Transducer) to generate guided waves and detect the wall thinning without any coupling. Interesting features in the dispersive behavior of selected guided modes are used for the detection of plate thinning. It is shown that mode cut-off measurement allows us to monitor a defect thinning level while a group velocity change can be used to quantify the thinning depth.
Authors: Youn Ho Cho, Won Deok Oh, Joon Hyun Lee
Abstract: This study presents a feasibility of using guided waves for a long-range inspection of pipe through investigation of mode conversion and scattering pattern from edge and wall-thinning in a steel pipe. Phase and group velocity dispersion curves for reference modes of pipes are illustrated for theoretical analyses. Predicted modes could be successfully generated by controlling frequency, receiver angle and wavelength. The dispersive characteristics of the modes from and edge wall-thinning are compared and analyzed respectively. The mode conversion characteristics are distinct depending on dispersive pattern of modes. Experimental feasibility study on the guided waves was carried out to explore wall thinning part in pipe for data calibration of a long range pipe monitoring by comb transducer and laser.
Authors: Jiang Xu, Xin Jun Wu
Abstract: Corrosion of prestressing strands is a main durability issue for prestressing structures. In general, the corrosion zones of strands are hidden in structures which lead to be hardly inspected by traditional methods. An instrument for detecting the non visible corrosion of prestressing strands using magnetostrictive guided waves is provided. The instrument is described in detail. The workflow to detect the strands is provided. Field trials and laboratory experiments show that the information of position, length and amount of the corrosion can be obtained from the data. The instrument provides support for ensuring the safety of prestressing structures.
Authors: Yong Moo Cheong, Dong Hoon Lee, Sang Soo Kim, Hyun Kyu Jung
Authors: Jong Ho Park, Joon Hyun Lee, Gyeong Chul Seo, Sang Woo Choi
Abstract: In carbon steel pipes of nuclear power plants, local wall thinning may result from erosion-corrosion or flow-accelerated corrosion(FAC) damage. Local wall thinning is one of the major causes for the structural fracture of these pipes. Therefore, assessment of local wall thinning due to corrosion is an important issue in nondestructive evaluation for the integrity of nuclear power plants. In this study, laser-generated ultrasound technique was employed to evaluate local wall thinning due to corrosion. Guided waves were generated in the thermoelastic regime using a Q-switched pulsed Nd:YAG laser with a linear slit array. . In this paper, time-frequency analysis of ultrasonic waveforms using wavelet transform allowed the identification of generated guided wave modes by comparison with the theoretical dispersion curves. Modes conversion and group velocity were employed to detect thickness reduction.
Authors: Yong Moo Cheong, Shin Kim, Hyun Kyu Jung
Abstract: The leakage of the pipes is a major issue for the safety of industrial structures. However, in many cases, because of their geometrical complexity and inaccessibility, it is difficult to inspect them by the conventional NDE method. A long-range guided wave inspection, thus, is an option to inspect them. A torsional vibration mode, T(0,1) shows many advantages in a long-range guided wave examination of a pipe, such as no dispersion characteristic, no radial displacement and low attenuation. However, it is not easy to fabricate a transducer with an array of piezoelectric elements for generation of torsional vibration mode and even expensive. Recently a magnetostrictive metal strip sensor was used for a generation of the torsional vibration modes in a pipe and this technique has shown several advantages for practical applications. This study investigated the applicability of a long-rang guided ultrasonic method to the detection of artificial notches even in the presence of various foreign objects.
Authors: Pawel Malinowski, Lukasz Skarbek, Wieslaw Ostachowic
Abstract: In reported research piezoelectric sensors were used for damage identicitaion purposes. Piezoelectric sensor was used for specimen excitation. Two techniques were investigated. The Electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique and guided wave based technique. The principle of EMI technique is based on measurement and analysis of impedance of piezoelectric transducers bonded on or embedded in investigated structure. It is assumed that structural change should influence the impedance characteristics of the transducers. The guided wave based technique is based on the guided elastic wave propagation phenomena. This type of waves can be used in order to obtain information about structure condition and possibly damaged areas. In reported investigation piezoelectric sensor was used to excite guided waves in chosen structural element. Dispersive nature of guided waves results in changes of velocity with the wave frequency, therefore a narrowband signal was used to minimize the dispersion phenomenon. The generated signal was amplified before applying it to the transducer in order to ensure measurable amplitude of excited guided wave. Measurement of the wave field was realized using laser scanning vibrometer that registered the velocity responses at a points belonging to a defined mesh. This non-contact tool allowed to investigate phenomena related to wave propagation. For both techniques numerical signals processing tools were developed. These numerical tools were designed to extract damage relevant features from EMI measurements and guided wave propagation measurements. The damage index (DI) was introduced on the basis of the extracted features.
Authors: Jiang Xu, Hong Fen Xiong, Xin Jun Wu
Abstract: Prestressing strands are widely used in civil structures. The health monitoring of the strands is an important factor in evaluating the structural safety. This paper aims to improve the detection sensitivity of the guided wave technique in strands by wavelet processing. Groove defects with different depths are cut in the wire and detected by magnetostrictive sensors. The wavelet threshold method is employed to denoise the signals. In this study, the suitable thresholds are related to the median value of the coefficients. Results show that defects above 3.6% cross section loss can be found after this processing. Moreover, the amplitudes of the defect signals are related to the defect depths, which can be used to size the defects.
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