Papers by Keyword: Health Monitoring

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Authors: Jian Ting Zhou, Yue Chen, Shan Huang
Abstract: Considering that the health monitoring system and construction monitoring system are not combined flexibly, the whole life monitoring model is conceived. That method is based on data dependence analysis of pre-buried and table-posted sensor, at the same time, correction of monitoring data is also taken into consideration. All the works focus on the research about collaborative work mode of monitoring data from pre-buried and table-posted sensor. This achievement brings so many benefits, firstly, it makes dead loads and living loads are considered together. Secondly, it brings new ideas to guarantee the safety of large bridges in construction or operation. Thirdly, the research results are embodied fully in the engineering practice of Nujiang Bridge.
Authors: Jian Peng, Wei Dong Xiao, Xiu Pin Huang
Abstract: The monitor of lithium-ion battery health is becoming a challenge because the performance of battery is effect by many environment factors. To address this problem, a new health monitor method based on Multivariate State Estimation Technique (MSET) and Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) is proposed in this paper. In order to demonstrate the performance gain of the method, a detailed experiment is performed based on a lithium-ion battery. By the comparison of performance parameters actual residuals and healthy residuals driven from the training data based on MSET, the fault detection can be implemented based on the SPRT.
Authors: Yuan Luo, Lin Li, Yi Zhang, Peng Xiong
Abstract: Based on the ZigBee technology, Home monitoring system has been designed and implemented in Wireless Sensor Network, intelligent wheelchair, and communication modules. The system works on the existing TD-SCDMA network. The working principle of the system, hardware and software designing are described in detail. After the test, the information collection of indoor environment and user physiological indexes were realized well, and could transmit in time. The purpose of remote monitoring has been achieved. This system has high practical value.
Authors: Jun Wu, Wei Min Chen
Abstract: Bridge plays an important role in modern transportation. Once it is damaged, there will be great loss. So assessment of bridge state has become more and more important in modern society. Ambient around bridge always are very complex and bridge is affected by many factors. So in all response of bridge, noise and useful signals mixed together. The noise generally includes temperature effect, wind load effect, live-load effect, and so on. In order to get the useful signals we must separate the live-load effect from the total effect by using multi-scale analysis firstly. EMD brought a new method for multi-scale analysis and it is superior to wavelet to some extent. But it has some shortcomings also. In order to improve the performance of the EMD further, EEMD is introduced to extract live-load effect of bridge. The practical and simulation results verified the feasibility of the new method based on EEMD and the results is much better than those based on wavelet.
Authors: Zbigniew Kulesza
Abstract: Over the years various techniques have been developed to extract information on the dynamic state of the rotating machinery. This paper introduces a new method based on the phase data of the shaft rotation angle. Usually the phase data is omitted and only the frequency components of the vibration spectrum are taken into consideration. However, the transverse shaft crack has a specific angular location about the shaft axis. Therefore, it is supposed that by measuring the vibration response of the rotor deflected by an additional constant force applied perpendicularly to the shaft axis at different angular locations, different vibration signatures can be obtained. Such signatures can then be used to detect the crack. The method utilizes also the coupling phenomenon between the lateral/torsional vibrations of the cracked rotor, since the shaft is additionally excited by an external harmonic torque. The computer simulation study is based on the uncracked and cracked rotor models obtained by using the finite element (FE) approach. The results of the numerical analysis demonstrate the potential of the suggested method for the effective shaft crack detection.
Authors: Carlos A. Ramos, José Luís Esteves, Rui A. Silva, António Torres Marques
Abstract: Structural health monitoring of composite structures may be accomplished by measuring strains with embedded optical fibre sensors. In this paper, we present the performance of Bragg grating sensors, which are embedded into a carbon composite laminate and them bonded to the structure in analyse. The paper will briefly discuss the results and compare them with a free fibre Bragg grating bonded in the surface of the carbon composite laminate, with existing electrical strain gauge installation and with a numerical analysis by the finite element method.
Authors: Xiao Chuang Tao, Chen Lu
Abstract: Along with the constantly updated aircraft structure design, higher performance and reliability design indexes as well as usage of a large portion of new materials especially lightweight composite materials put forward higher requirements for aircraft structure safety. The damage detection, diagnosis, forecast and management become an important part of aircraft Prognostics and Health Management(PHM).In order to better build the Structural Prognostics and Health Management system of a new generation aircraft for the improvement of security, task reliability and economy, this paper introduced the development situation of aircraft composite structural health monitoring and life prediction technologies, classified the existing technologies, and then discussed the principle, quality point, applicability and application situation, finally, pointed out several critical issues which still need further study.
Authors: Xue Jun Zhou, Rong Qian Yang, Xiao Ma, Yuan Xu
Abstract: Complex structural pattern and behavior of Large-span steel structure result in famous research of health monitoring technology of this kind structure all over the world. Health monitoring to key parts of large-span steel structures during the construction and service process grasp the stress situation, which can ensure the safety of structures. In this paper, health monitoring project of Jinan Olympic Sports Center is introduced and the basis of test points’ layout is elaborated in detail. The result shows that the system designed is running stable, which means it has certain application value to other health monitoring to major engineering.
Authors: Bao Chun Xu, Mu Lan Wang, Qian Jia
Abstract: In this study, the marginal spectrum based on instantaneous parameter is applied to the active Lamb wave-based health monitoring of plate structure to investigate the marginal spectrum variation of the signals after being added with damage scattering signal. First,the active Lamb wave monitoring technology is employed to obtain the Lamb wave signals of the plate before and after damage. Then the marginal spectra of the signals before and after damage are obtained using the HHT technology and compared with the spectrum of the signals. The results show that the marginal spectrum can better describe the variation of the signals before and after damage.
Authors: Yu Li Yang, Xin Hai Dang, Yu Ming Wei, Xue Ping Wang
Abstract: It’s very important that Bridge Structural Health Monitoring to bridge management and maintenance. In this paper,the authors study the Application of GIS and GPS in Bridge Structural Health Monitoring. Introduce the application field of GIS in bridge structural health monitoring and the method of GPS-RTK Technology to measure the bridge three dimension dynamic coordinate, proposed the System General Framework of GIS in Bridge Structural Health Monitoring,mainly study the problems that acquisition and collection of Monitoring information,the database management scheme of the system, the method that of GIS manage Spatial and attribute information which related to bridge structural health monitoring and to process and analysis the Monitoring data. Also analysis the feasibility of using GPS and GIS technology in a Bridge Structural Health Monitoring.
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