Papers by Keyword: High Strain Rate

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Authors: Thanh Nam Pham, Hyo Seong Choi, Jong Bong Kim
Abstract: Determination of theflow stress of materials at high strain rate is very important in automotive and military areas.The compressive flow stress at high strain rate can be obtained relativelyexactly by SHPB(Split Hopkinson Pressure Bars) tests. However, it is difficult to determinethe flow stressexactlyin the tensile state by using the SHPB tests. The difficulty in the tensile SHPB tests is how to fix a specimen on two bars. So, the design of a specimen and holders is needed to obtain more accurate measurement of the flow stress. In this study, the accuracy of the tensile SHPB tests results was numerically investigated. Finite element analyses of the tensile SHPB were carried out for various cases of fixing bolt location and bolting force. From the analysis results, a design guide for the fixing structure was obtained and the causes of error were investigated.
Authors: Andrew Ruggiero, Gianluca Iannitti, Stefano Masaggia, Federico Vettore
Abstract: An experimental characterization of the austempered ductile iron ISO 17804/JS/1050-6/S was performed carrying out tensile tests under different strain rates, temperatures and stress triaxiality levels. Then, composing a yield function surface, a hardening relation, and a damage criterion, a constitutive model was developed to describe the salient features of the observed macroscopic response. In particular, the Mohr-Coulomb yield function was selected to account for the pressure effect observed on the yield surface. A new hardening relation was proposed in order to account for both strain rate and temperature effects. The Bonora’s damage model, developed in the framework of the continuum damage mechanics, was adopted to capture the failure condition under different stress triaxiality levels. The damage model was appropriately modified to account for the effect of strain rate and temperature on the failure strain.
Authors: Xiao Qing Zhou, Yong Xia, Wen Huang
Abstract: Concrete might be subjected to impact or blast loading. To analyze the concrete behaviors under such loading cases, it is of interest to study the dynamic damage and failure behavior of concrete under high strain rate. In the present paper, a mesoscale model is developed to numerically analyze the dynamic damage process of concrete samples under high strain rate tension. In the mesoscale model, the concrete is regarded as a three-phase composite consisting of coarse aggregate, mortar matrix, and interfacial transition zone (ITZ) between the aggregate and the mortar matrix. Different coarse aggregate shapes, such as circular, oval, and polygon, are calculated and compared. It is found that the shapes of the coarse aggregates do affect the tensile strength and failure pattern.
Authors: A. Malekzadeh, Saeid Hadidi-Moud
Abstract: Characterisation of failure of components subjected to impact fatigue has received much interest in recent years. Critical stress intensity factor, i.e. fracture toughness, is a characteristic parameter for fracture conditions. Evaluation of this parameter is therefore of primary importance in the study of structures containing cracks. Due to its significance numerous research work have been carried out to provide dynamic stress intensity descriptions under cyclic, impulse and impact loading conditions. These methods are mainly based on numerical analyses and / or experimental techniques led to a range of approximate models. This paper firstly provides a review of fatigue failure due to impact loading and explains the principles of impact mechanics concepts including impact loading, stress wave equation and resulting stress distributions. Then, based on available experimental studies on developing and propagating cracks under impact loading, suggests a simple model leading to an approximate analytical solution for determination of dynamic stress intensity factor, kd under high strain rate loading. Calculated values based on the suggested solution compare well with the experimental data.
Authors: Xiao Jing Xu, Lan Cai, Seock Sam Kim
Abstract: An ingot aluminum alloy (Al-Cu-Mg-Ti-Sr) with high strength and high strain rate superplasticity has been successfully developed through a conventional manufacture route consisting of casting, heat treatment, hot extrusion with a low extrusion rate of only 10:1, hot-rolling and further cold-rolling, which is cost effective and suitable for large volume production industries. The tensile test result showed the alloy possesses not only a high ultimate strength of 513.85MPa at room temperature, but also a good high strain rate superplasticity with the tensile elongation of 174~224%, the flow stress of 17.1~33.9MPa and the strain rate sensitivity m-value of 0.174~0.293 in the initial strain rate of 3.16×10-2~1.0×10-1s-1 and at the temperature of 748K~793K. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analysis showed that the superplastic deformation has no relationship with liquid phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of fracture surface and surface showed that the superplastic deformation results from fine grain boundary sliding and dislocation slip.
Authors: Joseph A. Arsecularatne, L.C. Zhang
Authors: Petr Máca, Petr Konvalinka, Manfred Curbach
Abstract: This paper describes mixture formulation of Ultra High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) with 2% of fibres by volume and its response to quasi-static and dynamic impact loading. The UHPFRC mixture was prepared using locally available constituents and no special curing or mixing methods were used for its production. In addition, the mechanical parameters of three other types of concrete, i.e. normal strength concrete (NSC), fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) and high performance concrete (HPC) is compared. The main properties assessed throughout the experimental work are compressive, flexural and direct tensile strength as well as response of tested concretes to impact flexural loading. The impact loading is produced by a vertically falling weight of 24 kg from the height of 1 m on concrete prisms. The strain rate increase corresponds to low-velocity impacts such as vehicle crash or falling rocks. Compressive strength of UHPFRC exceeded 130 MPa and its direct tensile strength was 10.3 MPa. This type of concrete also exhibited strain hardening both in flexure under quasi-static conditions and during impact. Based on the comparison of impact reactions, it was concluded that the resistance of UHPFRC to impact loading is superior compared to the referent types of concretes (NSC, FRC, HPC).
Authors: Hajime Iwasaki, Toru Mori, Mamoru Mabuchi, Kenji Higashi
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