Papers by Keyword: High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloy

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Authors: Seiichiro Ii, N. Matsuzaki, Yasuhiro Morizono, Minoru Nishida
Authors: Yun Qing Ma, Cheng Bao Jiang, Yan Li, Cui Ping Wang, Xing Jun Liu
Abstract: A strong need exists to develop new kinds of high-temperature shape-memory alloys. In this study, two series of CoNiGa alloys with different compositions have been studied to investigate their potentials as high-temperature shape-memory alloys, with regard to their microstructure, crystal structure, and martensitic transformation behavior. Optical observations and X-ray diffractions confirmed that single martensite phase was present for low cobalt samples, and dual phases containing martensite and γ phase were present for high cobalt samples. It was also found that CoNiGa alloys in this study exhibit austenitic transformation temperatures higher than 340°C, showing their great potentials for developing as high-temperature shape-memory alloys.
Authors: Yan Xin, Yan Li, Cheng Bao Jiang, Hui Bin Xu
Abstract: The non-stoichiometric NiMnGa shape memory alloy with high Ni content has been developed as promising thermo-actuated materials applied at high temperature. A substitution of Al for Ga in the Ni54Mn25Ga21 alloys is performed. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements have been carried out to study the effects of the phase transformations and microstructures of the Ni54Mn25Ga21-xAlx shape memory alloys. The results show that the martensitic transformation temperatures almost linearly decrease with the increase of Al substitution for Ga, which can be explained considering the effect of the size factor, i.e. the lattice parameter. A structural transition from a non-modulated tetragonal type to a seven-layered 14M one has been found during the increase of Al substitution for Ga.
Authors: Y. Shirakawa, Yasuhiro Morizono, Minoru Nishida
Authors: Hilda Kundai Chikwanda, Yoko Yamabe-Mitarai, Silethelwe Chikosha
Abstract: A Ti-50at%Pt alloy synthesized using the spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique has been characterized for phases’ identification. TiPt alloys have potential use as high temperature shape memory alloys(HTSMAs). Test specimens were prepared at SPS temperature of 1300°C. Sintering pressure and time were varied. The microstructural features of the specimens were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The electron microscope used was equipped with an EDS detector, that, together with the XRD, were used for both the identification and analyses of the phases in the starting materials and the sintered alloys. High temperature XRD (800 -1300°C) as well as ambient temperature XRD analyses were done on the starting mechanically alloyed powders. All the samples tested at elevated temperatures were subsequently tested at room temperature after cooling. XRD analyses of the sintered samples were all done at room temperature. Analyses of the XRD results revealed new distinct phases from a temperature of 1000°C. A comparison of the room temperature XRD results for alloy powders and that of the sintered alloys was made. The following phases have been identified and studied TiPt B2, TiPt B19, Pt3Ti, Ti3Pt and Pt5Ti3. SPS pressure and sintering time did not show much effect on the phases detected. The alloy composition was found to be very inhomogeneous.
Authors: Anna Manzoni, Karine Chastaing, Anne Denquin, Philippe Vermaut, Richard Portier
Abstract: Among the different systems for high temperature shape memory alloys (SMA’s), equiatomic RuNb and RuTa alloys demonstrate both shape memory effect (SME) and MT temperatures above 800°C. For both systems, it is interesting to find a way to control the transformation temperatures while keeping the shape memory effect. One way to change the transformation temperatures is to change the composition in the binary alloys; another is to add a ternary element like Fe. The eight investigated alloys show two different space groups at room temperature. The monoclinic alloys undergo two successive displacive transformations on cooling, starting from the high temperature β phase field: β (B2) à β’ (tetragonal) à β’’ (monoclinic). The tetragonal alloys exhibit a single transition from cubic to tetragonal. A multiple twinned microstructure can be found in all alloys. Transformation temperatures decrease with lower Ru content and with the addition of Fe. The β’ à β transformation seems to be the main responsible for the SME. Compression tests performed in the martensitic phase give a quantitative result of the shape memory effect. In the binary alloys, the SME decreases with decreasing Ru content, which is in accordance with the evolution of the lattice parameters of martensites. A lower SME in the ternary alloys can also be linked to the lattice parameters and seems to be quite reliable to predict the evolution of the shape memory effect.
Authors: Sheng Kai Gong, S. Hu, Hui Bin Xu
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