Papers by Keyword: Hot-Pressing

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Authors: Pei Qiu Sun, De Gui Zhu, Xiao Song Jiang, Hong Liang Sun, Song Chen
Abstract: TiB2-TiC0.8-40vol%SiC multiphase ceramics were prepared by in-situ hotpressing sintering. The phase composition and microstructures of the materials were characterized by optical mic- oscope, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The effects of sintering temperature on the phases, microstructures and mechanical properties of the ceramics were investigated. The results show that density, bending strength and fracture toughness of the ceramics are increased with the elevation of sintering temperature (1800-1950°C). High densified TiB2-TiC0.8-40vol%SiC multipha- se ceramics and optimized microstructure is obtained by sintering at 1900°C, in which the uniform distribution of lath-shape TiB2 and bulk TiC0.8 grains can be observed obviously. Nano-SiC particles distributed dispersively in the TiB2 and TiC0.8 grains and at boundaries. The Vickers hardness, fract- ure toughness, flexural strength and electrical conductivity of the TiB2-TiC0.8-40vol%SiC multipha- se ceramics sintered at 1900°C are 24.055GPa, 8.27±1.0MPa∙m1/2, 516.69MPa and 2.2×106S∙m-1, respectively. However, up to 1950°C, TiB2 and TiC0.8 grains gradually grew up, the bending stren- gth of multiphase ceramics was decreased greatly. In addition, TiB2, TiC0.8 and SiC particles were incorporated together to improve the particulate strength and toughness of composite material by the synergistic mechanism effects among the crystal phases in the multiphase ceramics, such as crack deflection, grain’s pull-out and fine-grain toughening.
Authors: Yu Peng Qian, Xiao Wei Zhang, Ying Bo Zhu
Abstract: In this paper, a new method of the preparation of mica composite insulation material without making mica paper is introduced. Firstly, the mica pulp and modified starch is mixed, and then preformed by ultrasonic dispersion, finally formed with three separation steps of hot-pressing. The flexural strength of mica composite insulation material can reach 229.5 N/mm2, the dielectric strength can reach 23.80KV/mm.
Authors: Xing Yun Wu, Yan Wen Lu, Hua Zhen Yang, Yue Feng Tang
Abstract: A novel method called hot-pressing method of preparing porous membrane was firstly reported in this paper. Compared with other method such as none-solvent induced phase separation method, melt-spinning and cold-stretching method, the hot-pressing method was simple, easy to operate, environment-friendly. First, a silica needle arrays (SNA) template with a hexagonal close-packed structure was prepared by TAFE method. Then the SNA template was used to press into the plastic wrap in order to form the uniform pores. After that, a uniform porous membrane was prepared. The diameter of the porous membrane was affected by the pressure of hot-pressing as well as the hot-pressing temperature.
Authors: Young Chul Park, Jung Ho Kang, Jin Kyung Lee, Jang Hyun Sung, Seok Heum Baek, Young Jik Jo
Abstract: Shape memory alloy (SMA) has been used to improve the tensile strength of composite materials. Because it produces compressive residual stress in the matrix by using its shape memory effect. In order to fabricate a shape memory alloy composite, TiNi alloy and Al2024, Al6061 were used as reinforcing material and matrix, respectively. In this study, TiNi/Al2024 and TiNi/Al6061 shape memory alloy composites were made by the hot press method. The fatigue limit of a shape memory alloy composite determined the volume ratio and reduction ratio. The probabilistic stresslife curve (P-S-N curve) about the shape memory alloy composite makes up using statistical method.
Authors: Hoon Cho, Duck Young Hwang, Hyung Ho Jo
Abstract: It is generally known that Ag-CdO electric contact material excels others in characteristics. Thus, the contact material has been widely used, regardless of current strength. However, in a view point of environment, the advanced electric contact material without environmental load element such as cadmium has to be developed. Extensive studies have been carried out on Ag-SnO2 electric contact material as a substitute of Ag-CdO contact materials. In the manufacturing process of Ag-SnO2 electric contact material, it can be mentioned that typical internal oxidation process is not suitable to produce Ag-SnO2 electric contact material because the Sn located around surface may interrupt oxidation of Sn in the middle of material. Therefore, in the present study, powder metallurgy including compaction and sintering is introduced to solve the incomplete oxidation problems in manufacturing process of Ag-SnO2 electrical contact material. The formation of the blends was manufactured by wet blending of powders of Ag and SnO2. The quantity of SnO2 powder was 15wt.%, with intent to optimize the powdering process for the minute powder of which diameter is less than 5μ m. Particle size and grain distribution of Ag powder and SnO2 powder by powder metallurgy were measured by image analyzer. In order to estimate the properties of specimen tested with a variation of mixed time, the micro-hardness measurement was carried out. The Ag-SnO2-based contact material, which was produced through this study, was actually set in an electric switchgear of which working voltage is 462V and current is between 25 and 40A, for the purpose of testing its performance. As the result, it excelled the existing Ag-CdO-based contact materials in terminal-temperature ascent and main contact resistance.
Authors: Jin Kyung Lee, Young Chul Park, Sang Ll Lee
Abstract: A smart material is used as spectacle frames and brassiere frames, and partly in medical supplies because of its shape memory effect. The smart composite can be used on the wing of an airplane instead of the existing aluminium to control crack propagation. In this study, the smart composite was fabricated by a hot press method. TiNi alloy as reinforcement and Al6061 as matrix were used, respectively. The mechanical properties of the smart composite under thermal shock cycles were evaluated. In addition, Acoustic Emission techniques were also used to clarify the damage behavior of the smart composite under thermal shock cycles nondestructively.
Authors: Peng Xi Li, Hong Qiang Wang, Liu Cheng Gui, Jun Li, Hai Long Zhang, Guo Jian Jiang
Abstract: The transparent β-Si3N4 ceramic with a whisker-like microstructure was prepared by hot-pressing at 2000 °C for 26 h, with MgSiN2 as an additive. The resultant material achieves the maximum transmittance of 70 % at the wavelength of about 2.5 μm and the transmittance value keeps higher than 60 % in the range of 700-4500 nm wavelength, which is attributed to the very small amount of the intergranular amorphous phase along with high density. The present transparent β-Si3N4 ceramic exhibits an indentation fracture toughness of 7.2±0.3 MPa m1/2.
Authors: B. Ertug, T. Boyraz, O. Addemir
Abstract: The overall mechanical characterization of hot-pressed hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) based ceramics was performed. Hardness, flexure strength and fracture toughness (KIC) measurements were carried out using Vickers indentations, 3-point bending tests and SEVNB method, respectively. The fracture characteristics of hot-pressed h-BN ceramics were investigated by analyzing fracture surfaces using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The hardness, ranged from HV = 0.20GPa to HV = 0.25GPa, which was higher in the surfaces parallel to the hot-press direction due to the perpendicular alignment of the basal planes of the h-BN platelets to the hotpress direction. The fracture toughness and flexure strength values were determined to be 2.6 MPa.m1/2 and 0.14 GPa, respectively. A single KIC value was obtained since a slight variation of the fracture toughness was observed with the orientation of h-BN. The microstructural observations of h-BN grains indicated completely brittle fracture with intergranular voids and microcracks revealing a mixed mode of fracture.
Authors: Il Ho Kim, Jung Il Lee, Soon Chul Ur, Kyung Wook Jang, Good Sun Choi, Joon Soo Kim
Abstract: Binary skutterudite CoSb3 compounds were prepared by the arc melting and hot pressing processes and their thermoelectric properties were investigated at 300K-600K. Annealing effect was examined and it was correlated to phase transformation and homogenization. Thermoelectric properties of the arc-melted and hot-pressed CoSb3 were discussed and compared. Undoped CoSb3 prepared by the arc melting showed p-type conduction and metallic behavior at all temperatures examined. However, hot pressed specimens showed n-type conduction, possibly due to Sb evaporation. Thermoelectric properties were remarkably improved by annealing in vacuum and they were closely related to phase transitions.
Authors: Simone Sprio, Anna Tampieri, Elena Landi, Gian Carlo Celotti, Daniele Dalle Fabbriche
Abstract: The present work deals with the preparation and characterization of ceramic composites for the substitution of load-bearing bone portions, made of hydroxyapatite (HA) and bioactive β- calcium silicate (β-Ca2SiO4) as a reinforcing phase. The composite materials were prepared by Fast Hot-Pressing technique (FHP), which allowed the rapid sintering of monolithic ceramics at temperatures up to 1500 °C, well above the commonly adopted temperatures for sintering of hydroxyapatite (1200-1300 °C), in order to achieve the densification of the reinforcing phase also. XRD analysis reported no formation of secondary phases other than HA and β-Ca2SiO4, after FHP cycles. Flexural strength tests were performed on selected samples sintered at different temperatures: the composite materials exhibited increased mechanical resistance compared to samples constituted of HA only. These preliminary results confirmed that composites of HA and β- Ca2SiO4 are promising for the development of bioactive load-bearing ceramic bone substitutes.
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