Papers by Keyword: Hybrid Surface Treatment Technology

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Authors: Adam Mazurkiewicz, Jerzy Smolik
Abstract: A unique, original hybrid technological device, developed by the authors of the article, enabling the application of lots of different surface engineering methods in one technological process, including arc evaporation, ion nitriding, ion etching, ion implantation and electron beam evaporation is presented. The hybrid technological device has technical possibilities for the simultaneous realisation of different surface engineering methods in the same vacuum chamber. This results in the realization of advanced technological processes with the use of different surface engineering methods for forming the coating’s properties in one multi-stage technological process. Different surface engineering methods use different plasma sources and different methods of the atmosphere creation and often require different supply and control systems. A possibility of combining a few different surface treatment methods in one technological process is provided by a unique hybrid device. Selected applications of hybrid surface engineering technologies executed with the use of this original hybrid device, i.e. creation of the nano-multilayer and nano-composite Cr/Ni-Cr3C2 coatings increasing the erosion wear resistance and creation of multi-layer coatings with increased thermal resistance – Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) are presented
Authors: Jerzy Smolik, Adam Mazurkiewicz
Abstract: The new hybrid technology is a combination of electron beam evaporation and arcevaporation processes, enabling the creation of the anti-erosion multilayer composite coating Ni/Cr- Cr3C2 with different volume of Cr3C2 filling in soft Ni/Cr matrix. The soft matrix made of Ni/Cr alloy and hard filling of Cr3C2 are created at the same time and directly during the electron beam and arc-evaporation process. Changes of the parameters of the hybrid process, i.e. pressure, current of arc discharge and substrate bias voltage Ubias, make it possible to control the volume of Cr3C2 and are a factor in filling the soft Cr/Ni matrix with carbides Cr3C2. With the use of the developed surface treatment hybrid technology, the multilayer composite coating Ni/Cr-Cr3C2 were obtained. For all composite layers created, the material properties, such as morphology, phase and chemical compositions, hardness, and Young modulus were investigated. The paper presents the original technological equipment, methodology, and technological parameters for the creation of the composite coating Ni/Cr-Cr3C2.
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