Papers by Keyword: Hydroxyapatite (HAP)

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Authors: Xiao Ying Lu, Hao Wang, Sheng Yi Xia, Jian Xin Wang, Jie Weng
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/hydroxyapatite (HA) nanocomposites have been successfully fabricated by a novel method for the biomedical applications, which is in situ growing CNTs in HA matrix in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system. The results show that it is feasible to in situ grow CNTs in HA matrix by CVD for the fabrication of CNTs/HA nanocomposites. Multi-walled CNTs with 50-80 nm in diameter have been grown in situ from HA matrix with the pretreatment of sintering at 1473K in air. The nanocomposites are composed with carbon crystals in CNTs form, HA crystallites and calcium phosphate crystallites, one of most important CaP bioceramics. And the CNTs content is about 1% proportion by weight among the composites in our experiments, which can enhance the HA mechanical properties and the CNTs content does not affect the HA performances. These CNTs/HA nanocomposites have the potential application in the biomedical fields.
Authors: Ming Mei Xu, Wang Xiao, Yong Zhu Cui, Wei Shao, Yan Ling Sui, Gil Min Byung
Abstract: nanosize hydroxyapatite/polyacrylonitrile composite bead was prepared via in-situ synthesis method. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), particle size measurement and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to characterize the HAp/PAN composite bead. XRD curve indicates low crystallinity of HAp. Particle size and SEM analysis demonstrates that decreased partical size of synthesized HAp as well as good distribution with the addition of PAN is found. The HAp is well-distributed and the combination between HAp and PAN is well. FTIR showed that there was no shift of characteristic peaks of synthesized HAp in PAN, which proves the physical interaction between PAN and HAp. The approximate HAp content of 28.6% calculated from thermal analysis curves means high conversion ratio of HAp. The adsorption amount of cadmium ions onto composite beads is lower than HAp particles.
Authors: Julietta V. Rau, Marco Fosca, Vladimir S. Komlev
Abstract: In situ monitoring of structural changes, taking place upon calcium phosphate bone cements hardening process was carried out by means of the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction method. Two different cement systems were studied, one of them based on the octacalcium phosphate and another - on the dicalcium phosphate dehydrate. Both systems contained natural biopolymer chitosan and were soaked in Simulated Body Fluid. The obtained experimental results evidence that during the hardening of the cement containing octacalcium phosphate its partial transformation into hydroxyapatite takes place, whereas no significant changes were detected during the hardening process of cement containing the dicalcium phosphate dehydrate.
Authors: Qian Tang, Roger Brooks, Serena Best
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite and silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite powers were prepared in-house through a wet precipitation method and then vacuum plasma sprayed onto Ti-6Al-4V discs. Two plasma gun input powers were employed, 37 kW and 40 kW. All coatings were nearly phase pure, except small traces of impurities (TTCP, -TCP and CaO). Coatings prepared under the lower plasma gun input power had lower crystallinity. In vitro studies showed that human osteoblast-like cells attached and spread very well on all coated discs. Among the four kinds of discs, SiHAC37 was the most supportive to cell growth.
Authors: Guo Chao Qi, Feng Jun Shan, Qiang Li, Jing Yuan Yu, Qu Kai Zhang
Abstract: Magnesium apatite (MA, (Ca9Mg)(PO4)6(OH)2) and Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings were synthesized on Ti6Al4V substrates by a sol-gel dip coating method. Glucose and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were added to the standard simulated body fluid (SBF) separately to form organic-containing simulated body fluids. MA and HA coatings were immersed in standard and organic modified SBF for time periods of 4, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days at 37±1°C. The surface dissolution and deposition behavior of the coatings after soaking were examined with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The results show that glucose in SBF has no apparent effect on the deposition of new apatite from the solution. BSA in SBF shows retardation effect on the deposition of apatite by forming a protein dominant globular layer. This layer inhibits the further deposition of apatite from SBF solution.
Authors: Hua Wei He, Bo Li, Guang Da Li, Zhi Xiu He, Zhi Qing Chen
Abstract: This study sought to compare the biocompatibility of four dental ceramics so as to provide indications useful for the further development of dental materials. Osteoblasts were obtained by culturing the cranial explant of SD rat and cultured in vitro when they were seeded onto four different materials: hydroxyapatite, bioactive glass ceramics, tricalciumphosphate-hydroxyapatite and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA). The phase contrast microscope and scanning electron microscope were used to evaluate the cell morphology and attachment. The content of alkaline phosphatase was calculated by molecular biological methods. MTT method was performed to find the alteration of proliferation. Then by use of wash way method, the adhesion ability was tested. The results showed that all of the four bioceramics had good cytocompatibility. There were significant differences among them on the levels of cell growth, differation and adhesion in vitro. The biocompatibility of nHA is the best and of conventional HA is the worst.
Authors: Mujtahid Kaavessina, Fitriani Khanifatun, Imtiaz Ali, Saeed M. Alzahrani
Abstract: Poly (lactic acid) was solvent-blended and formed as thin ribbons with different weight fraction of hydroxyapatite, namely 5, 10 and 20wt%. In-vitro biodegradability of biocomposites was performed in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) at 37°C. The presence of hydroxyapatite tended to increase biodegradability of poly (lactic acid) in its biocomposites. Thermal stability of biocomposites was always higher than that neat poly (lactic acid) either before and after hydrolytic degradation tests. After biodegradation tests, some micro-holes and cracks were appeared in the surface morphology of biocomposites as well as the increasing crystallinity occurred.
Authors: Michiyo Honda, Toshiisa Konishi, Minori Mizumoto, Mamoru Aizawa
Abstract: Cancers frequently metastasize to bone, where it leads to secondary tumor growth, and osteolytic bone degradation. Bone metastases are often associated with fractures and severe pain resulting in decreased quality of life. Accordingly, effective therapies to inhibit the development or progression of bone metastases will have important clinical benefits. Bone cement, one of the powerful tools as bone substitutes, is used to fill the resection voids. The aim of this study was to develop a local drug delivery system using HAp cement as a carrier of chemotherapeutic agents. In the present study, we have fabricated chelate-setting apatite cements (IP6-HAp cements) using HAp particles surface-modified with inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) and evaluated their anti-tumor effect. Human osteosarcoma (HOS) cultured on IP6-HAp cements (over 3000 ppm IP6) resulted in inhibition of cell growth. DNA microarray analysis indicated changes in the expression of apoptosis-related genes on IP6-HAp cement surface-modified with 5000 ppm IP6 compared with HAp cement, suggesting activation of apoptosis machinery by IP6-HAp cement. To clarify the mechanism of anti-tumor effect of IP6-HAp cement, the properties of cement were investigated. The release kinetics of IP6 from IP6-HAp cement showed that the level of released IP6 was insufficient to induce anti-tumor activity. These results led us to consider that locally high concentration of IP6 which was released from cement acts on the cells directly as anti-tumor agent and induces the apoptosis. Consequently, IP6-HAp cement might gain the anti-tumor effect and act as a carrier for local drug delivery system.
Authors: Naznin Sultana, Min Wang
Abstract: Poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) was used to make composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering in our previous studies. To control the degradation rate and process of composite scaffolds, PHBV was blended with poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA), which has a much higher degradation rate than PHBV, and PHBV/PLLA blends were used as polymer matrices for composite scaffolds. Composite scaffolds based on these blends and containing nano-sized hydroxyapatite (nHA) were fabricated using an emulsion freezing / freeze-drying technique. Non-porous films of PHBV/PLLA blends were prepared using the solvent casting method. In vitro degradation tests of non-porous PHBV/PLLA blends and porous composite scaffolds were conducted by immersing samples in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) for various periods of time. It was found that the composition of polymer blends affected water uptake of films and scaffolds. For PHBV/PLLA-based scaffolds, the incorporated nHA particles also significantly increased water uptake within the initial immersion time. Both PHBV/PLLA blends and composite scaffolds underwent rapid weight losses within the first few weeks. The degradation of composite scaffolds arose from the dissolution of nHA particles and degradation of the PLLA component of polymer blends. Composite scaffolds exhibited enhanced adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, in the current study.
Authors: Daisuke Yamashita, Makoto Noda, Miho Machigashira, Motoharu Miyamoto, Hironobu Takeuchi, Naoshi Takeuchi, Hiroshi Kono, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Seiji Ban
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the response of osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) to the surface of hydroxyapatite-containing glass coating on zirconia (HA-G-Zr) in comparison to yttria stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP). The MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on HA-G-Zr and Y-TZP specimens in 24-well tissue culture plates. Surface properties were evaluated by X-ray diffractometry, Fourier tranfer infrared microscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cell proliferation in each well was measured by MTT assay. Cell morphology was observed by SEM. Cell differentiation was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteocalcin levels. After the glass coating on Y-TZP, X-ray diffraction peaks due to hydroxyapatite (HA) were observed clearly. HA-G-Zr appeared on surface of uneven and roughened state, wherein microcracks on the microns in width and many voids of several microns in size were present. Time-dependent proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells were found in all the specimens. MC3T3-E1 cells on HA-G-Zr plates showed higher differentiation than Y-TZP. These results demonstrated that HA-G-Zr showed better cellular biocompatibility than Y-TZP.
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