Papers by Keyword: Hygrothermal Degradation

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Authors: Roger H. Newman, Armin Thumm, E.C. Clauss, M.J.L. Guen
Abstract: Confocal microscopy and water diffusivity measurements were used to characterise the development of defects in biofibre-reinforced composite materials. Biofibres swelled more than the matrix when the specimen was immersed in water, but the associated distortion of the matrix rarely caused defects. The biofibres shrank faster than the matrix when the specimen was dried in air, causing debonding at the fibre-matrix interfaces and microcracks within the fibres. We started with coarse technical fibres from the leaves of harakeke (Phormium tenax), treated a portion with 1% NaOH, and pulped a portion at 170 °C. Water diffusivities for the corresponding composites increased over the first 3 wet-dry cycles, particularly for the composite made with untreated fibre, but were too small to be of concern for the composite made from pulped fibre.
Authors: Dong Joo Lee, In Seop Lee
Abstract: The hygrothermal degradation of glass fiber/nylon composite was investigated after aged at 25°C, 50°C, 75°C and 100°C up to 1 month of total exposure in aqueous solution. The effects of moisture absorption and thermal aging on mechanical properties are compared as functions of temperature, fiber volume and concentration of sodium chloride. The amount of water absorption increases when the aging temperature is increased and the concentration of NaCl is lowered. In general, the mechanical properties decrease with amount of water absorption. The degradation rate of various mechanical properties is different depending on the temperature, fiber volume and the concentration of NaCl. The diffusion mechanisms of water in short-fiber reinforced nylon are discussed as functions of fiber volume, molding conditions and concentration of sodium chloride.
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