Papers by Keyword: IF Steel

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Authors: Lam Kai Tung, M.Z. Quadir, B.J. Duggan
Authors: J.F.C. Lins, Hugo Ricardo Zschommler Sandim, K.S. Vecchio, Dierk Raabe
Abstract: We report the results of the microstructural characterization of a Ti-bearing IF-steel deformed at high strain rates (» 6.104 s-1) in a split Hopkinson bar. The shock-loading tests were performed in hat-shaped specimens to induce the formation of adiabatic shear bands (ASB). The samples were deformed at 223 K and 298 K. High-resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) reveals the development of an ultrafine-grained structure within the ASB. A closer inspection reveals the presence of deformation twins in grains adjacent to the shear band. These twins bend towards the ASB suggesting that mechanical twinning occurs before the flow associated to shear banding. The results of microtexture have indicated the presence of a sharp <111> g-fiber texture in the ASB for both temperatures.
Authors: Min Li Wang, Zhi Wang Zheng, Gong Ting Zhang
Abstract: Based on the experimental materials of hot rolled Ti+Nb-IF steels and Ti-IF steels produced in the industry, the effects of cold reduction ratios on its microstructures, mechanical properties and textures were investigated. The results show that experimental samples with different cold reduction ratios have been finished recrystallization by batch annealing at 720°C and soaking with 5h. As the cold reduction ratio increases, the grains will be refined and uniform, and the textures trends to be {111} texture. The {223}<110>, {111}, and {114}<110> textures appeared after cold rolling are inherited followed by annealing, whose intensities would be higher as the cold rolling ratio increased. And the textures will transform to the {223}<110>, {111}<110> and {114}<110> textures. With the increasing cold reduction ratio, the values of the yield strength Rp0.2 and tension strength Rm increase, but the Rp0.2 is almost about 100MPa. However, the strain hardening index n90 gradually decreases. The plastic strain ratio r90 which reaches the maximum with cold reduction ratio of 70% increases firstly and then decreases. Thus, the optimal cold reduction ratio of 70% to 80% is determined, which can obtain good deep drawing performances.
Authors: Y.X. Cai, Y.D. Liu, Yi Nong Wang, Gang Wang, Yan Dong Wang, Fu Hui Wang, Liang Zuo
Abstract: The aim of this work is to investigate the relationship between the deformation microstructure and texture in cold rolled Interstitial Free (IF) steel sheets. In the present research, the cold rolled IF steel sheets with 10%-50% reductions are used to observe the characteristic microstructure and individual orientations by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and SAED patterns. The experimental results on inter-granular strain homogeneity and dislocation wall formation are given in details in this paper. The results are explained by the analysis of crystallographic gliding and are helpful to improve the prediction of cold rolling textures.
Authors: Jerzy A. Szpunar
Authors: Dong Kyu Kim, K.H. Jung, H.W. Lee, Yong Taek Im
Abstract: A two dimensional probabilistic cellular automata model is used to simulate primary static recrystallization of interstitial free (IF) steel. The present study is to investigate the effect of curvature-driven pressure that is induced by protrusions/retrusions of recrystallization fronts on the microstructural and textural evolution during recrystallization. It was found that local interface migration of protrusions/retrusions of recrystallization fronts could significantly affect the kinetics, grain morphology and annealing texture according to the present investigation.
Authors: Yong Chen, Jian Hua Zeng, Guo Rong Wu
Abstract: The samples of cold-rolled sheets, hot-rolled plates and continuously cast slabs have been analyzed with the condition of faint-sliver defects appeared in IF steel of Pangang, and it was shown that faint-sliver defects in cold-rolled steel sheet were mainly caused by micro-cracks in the surface of strands, slag entrapment in mold during casting and inclusions in sub-surface of strand. Faint-sliver defects were controlled effectively with the technical measures, which were decreasing oxidation of ladle slag, controlling the ratio of CaO/Al2O3 in slag, extending circulation time of deoxidization and alloying in RH process, controlling the casting speed and increasing the viscosity of mold fluxes. Therefore, the ratio of downgrade induced by faint-sliver defects reduced from 10.97% to 1.0%.
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