Papers by Keyword: Impact Fatigue

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Authors: A. Malekzadeh, Saeid Hadidi-Moud
Abstract: Characterisation of failure of components subjected to impact fatigue has received much interest in recent years. Critical stress intensity factor, i.e. fracture toughness, is a characteristic parameter for fracture conditions. Evaluation of this parameter is therefore of primary importance in the study of structures containing cracks. Due to its significance numerous research work have been carried out to provide dynamic stress intensity descriptions under cyclic, impulse and impact loading conditions. These methods are mainly based on numerical analyses and / or experimental techniques led to a range of approximate models. This paper firstly provides a review of fatigue failure due to impact loading and explains the principles of impact mechanics concepts including impact loading, stress wave equation and resulting stress distributions. Then, based on available experimental studies on developing and propagating cracks under impact loading, suggests a simple model leading to an approximate analytical solution for determination of dynamic stress intensity factor, kd under high strain rate loading. Calculated values based on the suggested solution compare well with the experimental data.
Authors: Jae Ung Cho, Li Yang Xie, Chong Du Cho, Sang Kyo Lee
Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of the low or high strain rate on the impact fatigue properties of the nickel foam material and to understand the lifetime of this material which is subjected to the repeated impacts at different energy levels. Failures of foam materials under single and repeated impacts analogous to fatigue are essential to designers and users in military and aerospace structures. The material failure induced by repeated impact loading becomes a critical issue because of significant loss of stiffness and compressive strength in the foam material. Testing methods to study impact(that is, high strain rate) fatigue are quite numerous; no single standard testing procedure is defined for studying the impact fatigue property of a material. The increasing application of foam material in aerospace structures, owing to high specific stiffness and strength has attracted a great concern about the high sensitivity to impact damage introduced during manufacture or in service, and the effects of such damage on structural degradation. To investigate this issue, this study sets up an experimental procedure to determine the impact fatigue properties of nickel foam material. This study performs both experimental and numerical investigations to catch the impact fatigue behavior of nickel foam with open type. Design life and probability of failure or survival at specified life can be calculated so that the fatigue life of nickel core material subjected to repeated impact loading is predicted.
Authors: Ian A. Ashcroft, Juan Pablo Casas-Rodriguez, Vadim V. Silberschmidt
Abstract: The use of structural adhesive joints to join carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) adherends is now well established in the aerospace industry. These joints are subjected to varied load spectra, of which one of the most damaging forms of loading is fatigue with intermittent low energy impacts, which is termed combined standard and impact fatigue (CISF) in this paper. It is seen that the rate of crack growth in impact fatigue is greater than that in standard fatigue for a given value of the strain energy release rate, moreover, it is seen that the fatigue crack growth rate (FCGR) in standard fatigue (SF) increases after a block of impact fatigue. In this paper a model is proposed to predict crack growth in bonded joints subjected to CISF. The model is based on numerical crack growth integration (NCGI) with a method of accounting for the accelerated crack growth in SF following IF. The model was seen to provide a good prediction of the fatigue crack growth in CISF.
Authors: Vadim V. Silberschmidt, Juan Pablo Casas-Rodriguez, Ian A. Ashcroft
Abstract: The paper presents results of studies into the effect of repetitive low-energy impacting (known as impact fatigue) on reliability and crack growth in adhesively bonded joints. This type of loading is compared to the standard tensile fatigue in order to assess severity of such loading regime. Another loading type studied is a combination of a small portion of repetitive impacts with tensile fatigue. Crack propagation in a joint exposed to these types of loading is studied experimentally and numerically (with finite elements). This analysis is accompanied by microstructural studies of various damage processes, active at different stages of the crack growth process.
Authors: Ion Dumitru, Liviu Marsavina, Nicolae Faur, I. Hajdu
Abstract: Many components from industry are subjected to repeated impacts, or in some cases these impacts can appear as additional loads. Repeated impacts define a fatigue phenomenon known under the name of Impact Fatigue. Because the strain rate changes the material characteristics it is to expect that the material properties at impact fatigue to be different in regard to those obtained at non-impact fatigue. First studies at repeated impacts were made at the middle of 19th Century, but the progress in this field is not as fast as non-impact fatigue, due to experimental difficulties and the lake of standards for impact fatigue tests. This paper presents a classification of repeated impact tests, and starting from this a series of parameters used for durability estimation will be analyzed. The high number of parameters used by different authors creates difficulties in comparison the different laboratories results. The importance of the shape and dimensions of specimens, and the stiffness of bearing are highlighted. In order to avoid these influences the authors proposed an experimental technique, based on testing of Charpy specimens, in similar conditions as single impact test. The paper presents a series of results obtained for additional impacts overlapped to a cyclic load.
Authors: Bo Lin He, Ying Xia Yu, Er Yu Shao
Abstract: The effect of undissolved ferrite amount on impact fatigue properties and failure mechanism were studied by using 42CrMo steel with subcritical quenching process The amount of undissolved ferrite were 0%, 10% and 15%, respectively. The experimental results show that the existence of undissolved ferrite can not only change the microstructure, but also increase the impact fatigue life The impact fatigue life elongates with increasing of amounts of undissolved ferrite The grain can be fined by using subcritical quenching process and the area of phase boundaries can also be greatly increased because of undissolved spheroidal carbide. The martensite and carbide form can also be changed by using subcritical quenching process The stress relaxation due to the moving of dislocations inside the ferrite and the promotion of strength due to occurring of plastic deformation and the enwinded dislocations are main reasons of improving the impact fatigue life. The impact fatigue life elongates with the increase of amounts of undissolved ferrite before the amount of undissolved ferrite reaches 10%. Under the experiment conditions, when the amount of undissolved ferrite is 10%, the impact fatigue life will be the longest.
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