Papers by Keyword: Impact Test

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Authors: Yoichi Yuki, Hiroki Tamai, Naoki Wada, Yoshimi Sonoda, Toshihiro Kasugai
Abstract: This paper presents a novel pin-fixed aseismatic connector for bridges. A feature of this device is that the anchorage areas of both ends are connected with hinges; thus, there are no restrictions with respect to their mounting angles. Additionally, the PC cable of this device is given an appropriate amount of sag; thus, within the range of the sag the structure is capable of absorbing the amount of displacement because of temperature changes and live loads. In addition, this device has a certain shock-cushioning effect because of the rubber material surrounding the hinge pins. However, there is no quantitative evaluation method on the shock-cushioning effect of this device. Therefore, in this study, the shock-cushioning effect of the novel pin-fixed aseismatic connector for bridges is investigated using impact load tests and numerical analysis. It is found that the shock-cushioning effect of this device is almost equal to similar aseismatic connectors. Furthermore, it is also confirmed that their effects can be quantitatively evaluated using impact response analysis.
Authors: Ming Kuen Chang, Jia Ying Lin, Yan Huei Peng, Jian Jhih You, Yu Ming Wang
Abstract: This study have used three different montmorillonite by anionic, nonionic and ammonium chloride modifier to prepare polyethylene / montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites. The kneading process doped modified MMT to polyethylene, according with ASTM D638 to proceed hot-press works, and ASTM D256 to determine the izod pendulum impact resistance of plastics specimen. Prepared nanocomposites continue proceed in tensile and impact testing, finally, we observed low-density polyethylene layered silicate nanocomposites properties were improved, also found that anion modified montmorillonite had significant reinforcement effect in tensile and impact testing.
Authors: Tae Ho Yang, Young Shin Lee, Yoon Jae Kim, Tae Hyeong Kim, Chang Won Shul, Myung Seog Yang, Chae Hun An, Gyu Sub Lee
Abstract: Polyurethane (PU) S80A was used as the material of the elastomer of the shock programmer in this paper. To validate Ogden hyper-elastic material model in simulation, the small impact test was performed. As the comparison for the time history of the acceleration between the impact test and simulation was performed. Using the cylindrical shock programmer, the constant used in Ogden hyper-elastic material model was calculated. The wave shape of the acceleration was obtained with the noised sign. To clearly obtain the wave shape of the acceleration the cylindrical shock programmer, the truncated conical shock programmer was used. Using the Ogden hyper-elastic material model, design variables of the shock programmer with the truncated conical shape was studied. Using the shock programmer with truncated conical shape the range on the level and time duration of the acceleration in simulation was from 494.9 m/s2 to 10941 m/s2 and from 1.3 msec to 23.5 msec, respectively.
Authors: S. Nallusamy, N. Manikanda Prabu, K. Balakannan, Gautam Majumdar
Abstract: The vehicle may be towed without the engine but it is not possible without the wheels. Road wheel is a significant structural member of the vehicular suspension system that supports the static and dynamic loads encountered during vehicle operation. As in the case of an automobile wheel maximum load is applied on the alloy wheel. Proper analysis of the alloy wheel plays a significant role for the safety of the passenger cars. Alloy wheels which are intended for normal use on passenger cars, undergo three tests and have to pass before going into the production: Dynamic Cornering Fatigue Test, Dynamic Radial Fatigue Test and Impact Test. Most of aluminium alloy wheels manufacturing companies have done several testing of their product however information of their method on simulation test is often kept limited. During a part of research a static and fatigue analysis of aluminum alloy wheel A356.0 was carried out using FEA package. The 3-D model was imported from CATIA into ANSYS using the appropriate format. Finite element analysis (FEA) is carried out by simulating the test conditions to analyze stress distribution and fatigue life of the aluminium alloy wheel rim of passenger car. Experimental analyses are carried out by radial fatigue testing machine for evaluation of fatigue life under influence of camber angle. The test indicates that integrating FEA and nominal stress method is a good and efficient method to predict alloy wheels fatigue life. In this paper by observing the results of both static and dynamic analysis the aluminium alloy is suggested as better material.
Authors: M.J. Balart, Claire L. Davis, Martin Strangwood, J.F. Knott
Abstract: The effects of matrix microstructure and features of non-metallic inclusion (morphology, type, volume fraction and size) on cleavage initiation in medium-carbon Ti-V-N and V-N microalloyed resulphurized forging steels have been determined by examining fracture surfaces produced in room temperature Charpy impact tests. The steels were generally Al-deoxidised but one V-N steel was Si-deoxidised. It has been found that, in the Ti-treated steel, having a ferrite-pearlite microstructure, brittle fracture initiation occurred at cracked coarse (Ti,V)(C,N) single phase or [(Ti,V)(C,N)/Al2O3/MnS] multi-phase inclusions. In the Ti-free steels, cleavage initiation was dependent on matrix microstructure and non-metallic inclusions. In the low strength Ti-free steels, with a ferrite-pearlite microstructure, the absence of a continuous grain boundary ferrite layer led to initiation from interfacing pearlite colonies. For the bainitic microstructure, cleavage initiated close to the notch, but the microstructural feature responsible could not be identified. For the ferritepearlite microstructure in the Si-deoxidised V-N steel, cleavage initiated at cracked Mn-Al-(Ca) silicate inclusions. The higher matrix strength and more continuous nature of grain boundary allotriomorphic ferrite in the V-N steel deoxidised with Al was associated with cleavage initiation from V-rich (V,Ti)(C,N)-containing inclusions. These were generally of smaller size than those in the Ti-treated steels.
Authors: Krirkkajon Tanadrob, Chakrit Suvanjumrat
Abstract: Composite material referred to build speed boats with a lightweight and also endured to support a crushing load. To design and analyze speed boats to support a collision accident, the composite material would be implemented into finite element model. This research had proposed the material model of a fiberglass composite material which used to construct speed boats in Pattaya, Thailand. The rectangular plate of composite material was analyzed according to the drop weight impact test. The orthotropic and isotropic material models were applied to define material properties of the finite element model of the fiberglass plate. The finite element analysis (FEA) results were compared with experimental data. The FEA with isotropic material for modeling the fiberglass material results were in good agreement with experiment. There was an average difference of 0.4195 J when compared the residual energy with the experimental data. Consequently, this fiberglass material model would be used to analyze the speed boat collision in a further work.
Authors: Tso Liang Teng, Cho Chung Liang, Chien Jong Shih, Van Hai Nguyen
Abstract: Currently, expended polystyrene (EPS) are widely used as liner material in bicycle helmet. Due to its characteristics is excellent performance, lightweight, low cost of manufacturing. However, EPS has some disadvantage as difficulty to optimize energy absorbing in different areas of head and inferior effect of heat dissipation and a brittle characteristic. This study focuses on to find a replacement material for EPS foam to improve liner of bicycle helmet. Impaxx energy absorbing (EA) foams present strong potential in overcoming such problems of EPS foam. To make certain that all bicycle helmets reach efficiency, the helmets are required to pass shock absorption test of EN1078 standard. This study performs finite element analyses of helmet impact tests using LS-DYNA software. Simulation results indicate Impaxx foams are suitable for shock absorption test according to the EN1078 standard. Therefore these results encouraged the authors to extend the manufacturing work to cover the creating helmet design and performance experimental tests.
Authors: Tei Saburi, Shiro Kubota, Masatake Yoshida, Ganda M. Simangunsong, Yuji Wada, Yuji Ogata
Abstract: This paper presents the design of a compact size projectile accelerator, and its application. To meet the various needs such as a compact body size to use under various experimental conditions, an easy maintenance for repetitive experiments during a certain period, and a capability of the velocity control, the compact accelerators were newly designed with a direct explosive drive method. Two different types of accelerator were designed: a PMMA accelerator and a metal accelerator. The pictures of the projectile shoot using the designed accelerators were recorded by SHIMADZU HyperVision HPV-1 high-speed video camera. As a result, it was recognized that the PMMA accelerator was failed to accelerate the projectile, while the metal accelerator succeeded to accelerate it effectively. The accelerating performance of the metal accelerator was further investigated. The explosives for projectile acceleration were Emulsion explosive and Composition C4 explosive weighing 5 to 35g. It was found that the metal accelerator has the capability to control the projectile velocity adjusting the weight of the explosives, and there is an approximate linear correlation between them in our experimental range. A series of impact tests on 5052S aluminum alloy targets was examined using the accelerator.
Authors: Soňa Rusnáková, Milan Žaludek, Ladislav Fojtl, Vladimír Rusnák
Abstract: Sandwich construction is a composite material structure combining low weight, high strength and good dynamic properties. Typically a sandwich composite consists of three main parts: two thin, stiff and strong facing layers separated by a thick, light and weaker inner core. The faces are adhesively bonded to the core to obtain a load transfer between the components. By this way the properties of each separate component is utilized to the structural advantage of the whole assembly leading to a very high stiffness-to-weight and high bending strength-to-weight ratio. As a result sandwich components achieve the same structural performance as conventional materials with less weight. The material characterization described in the paper is aimed at the structural design of the end cub for a high speed train made of composite sandwich materials. A sandwich structure was considered, made of glass fibber polyester face sheets with a polymeric foam core. Initially, the material properties and the rate sensitivity of the skin and core materials were investigated through a series of static and quasi-static tests. Static and dynamic impact tests were then run on the sandwich structure. For all materials tested, no significant strain-rate effects were observed over the range of test conditions investigated in the study. Results show that the structural response of the sandwich depends primarily on the strength properties of the foam core material. Sandwich peel test is intended for determining the comparative peel resistance of adhesive bonds between facing and cores of sandwich constructions tested under specified test conditions. One method, the climbing drum peel method, is most applicable when the peeled facings are relatively thin, but it can not be applicable in tested composite structures. Peel resistance was tested by modified experimental setup.
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